Confession                            Office of the Keys                  The Giving and Receiving of Forgiveness…        ...
TLH 65 lutheran-hymnal.com/online/tlh- 4. When Jesus comes, --O blessed story!--   065.mid                               H...
Prayers for Pastor How To Pray for Your Pastor                       Pray for Your P-A-S-T-O-R •Insight into scripture and...
Pray: Lord Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, PRAYER            You have given to Your dear church on                   earth and ...
LSB 608                                  Grant for all my sins remission. 1 Jesus sinners doth receive;          Let thes...
 ―It is the confession, not the priest, that gives us absolution.‖ ~Oscar Wilde
 •What is the office of the keys? •Where is this written? •What do you believe according to these words? •What special...
 You say, "Brother Branham, am I in?" I  dont know. Im hoping I am. We work  out our own salvation with fear and  trembli...
 I‟m going to tell you something folks, I  didn’t stop sinning until I finally got it  through my thick head I wasn‟t a s...
 The Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as pastor of the entire church, has full, supreme, and...
 See a short form of confession in Cat.       and want to do better, this is just as The Office of the Keys is that spec...
 Christ gives the auspices of  the church to the apostles  (Mt. 16:19)    The Apostles begin to appoint     deacons and ...
 Christ has given to His church the authority            the power of keys; and finally, through the    to forgive sins o...
1.   Didache      ―You must not let anyone eat or drink of your       Eucharist except those baptized in the Lord‘s name....
3.       Luther      He binds and joins himself to our work. Indeed, he         himself commands us to do his own work. W...
Those who repent and ask for forgiveness are to        over my neighbor. I do not have a firm, strongbe forgiven.        ...
 Kleiðv I will give you the                           deÑw: To bind or put under keys of the kingdom of     the authori...
 Peace be with you! As the  enefushsen (5656) kai l                              egei , Labete pneuma a  Father has sent...
   Unrepentant sinners, that is, those who are not          flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you    sorry for thei...
 I was dead, and behold, I am        kai o zwn, kai egenomh  alive forevermore, and I have        n nekrov kai idou zwn ...
 Congregations are to call men who are          workman who does not need to be ashamed  well qualified personally and sp...
 The keys unravel from the source of all  forgiveness    Catastophe means to ―unravel‖    Tolkien creates the word     ...
 Gandalf! I thought you were  dead! But then I thought I  was dead myself. Is  everything sad going to come  untrue?― Th...
 Pray: Merciful God, You have  commanded us through Your only-  begotten Son to pray for laborers in Your  harvest. I ear...
 TLH 382                                     Who hung upon the tree   1. Lord, we confess our numerous faults; The Spiri...
"When I urge you to go to confession, I am simply        Before the pastor or confessor we confess those sinsurging you to...
 Church Discipline and Excommunication
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12.02.24 office of the keys

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12.02.24 office of the keys

  1. 1. Confession Office of the Keys The Giving and Receiving of Forgiveness… Memorization Verses:The Office of the Keys is that special The Lord Jesus breathed on His disciplesauthority which Christ has given to His and said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. If youchurch on earth to forgive the sins of forgive anyone his sins, they are forgiven; ifrepentant sinners, but to withhold you do not forgive them, they are notforgiveness from the unrepentant as long as forgiven." [John 20:22-231they do not repent.
  2. 2. TLH 65 lutheran-hymnal.com/online/tlh- 4. When Jesus comes, --O blessed story!-- 065.mid He works a change in heart and life;1. When sinners see their lost condition Gods kingdom comes with power andAnd feel the pressing load of sin gloryAnd Jesus cometh on His mission To young and old, to man and wife;To heal the sin-sick heart within, Through Sacrament and living WordAll grief must flee before His grace, Faith, love, and hope are now conferred.And joy divine will take its place. 5. Then stilled are cries and lamentation,2. When Jesus enters meek and lowly Then loosed is Satans every band,To fill the home with sweetest peace; In death is hope and consolation,When hearts have felt His blessing holy The soul is safe in Jesus hand.And found from sin complete release, When we shall walk through deaths darkThen light and calm within shall reign vale,And hearts divided love again. His rod and staff shall never fail.3. When Jesus enters land and nation 6. Oh, may He soon to every nationAnd moves the people with His love; Find entrance where He is unknown,When, yielding to His kind persuasion, With life and light and full salvation,Our hearts His truth and blessing prove, That heathendom may be oerthrownThen shall our life on earth be blest, And healing to the hearts may comeThe peace of God on us shall rest. In heathen land and Christian home!
  3. 3. Prayers for Pastor How To Pray for Your Pastor Pray for Your P-A-S-T-O-R •Insight into scripture and an understanding of P - Purity. Pray that your pastor will remain how it applies to people today. pure in the face of constant pressure in an •Protection from the work of Satan. immoral culture. •Help him keep a soft heart in the face of A - Adversity. Pray for your pastor that he will abrasive and abusive people. be able to confront adversity with faith and •His personal spiritual growth. endurance. •A successful ministry – however God defines S - Strength. Most pastors work long hours and success in his life. at least six days a week. Pray that he will have •Boldness to speak the truth, and grace to the strength to continue his ministry. speak it with humility. T - Teaching. Pray for your pastor that his •That he would persevere through whatever teaching and preaching will be effective, trial he is facing. powerful, and clear. •His children – that they will grow up with a O - Organization. Your pastor has more to do positive impression of church ministry. than any one person can handle. Pray for your •That he would remain pure, and that his love pastor that he will be able to prioritize for his wife would increase daily. correctly. •That you would know how to encourage him R - Rest. Your pastor needs rest. Pray that your today. pastor will sleep well each night and that he will take enough time away from ministry so that he does not get worn out.
  4. 4. Pray: Lord Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, PRAYER You have given to Your dear church on earth and its faithful servants the sacred• Office of Keys office of the keys. You invested this office with the promise that whatsoever they• Church shall loose or bind on earth by these keysauthority shall also be loosed or bound in heaven. I• Absolution thank You, and eternally praise and glorify You, for Your gracious gift. I a poor and•Repentance bound sinner need this blessed key which• Pastors called looses, so that I may not be kept under the bonds of the infernal jailer. I beg YourP raise infinite mercy. May I receive its comfortR epentance through my spiritual father, my pastor,A ppreciation and for the sake of Your holy, precious blood and Your innocent offering andY ou death may I be loosed from all my sins.E veryone Grant me Your Holy Spirit, so that I mayR esolve grasp this holy absolution in heartfelt contrition and undoubting trust. Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90)
  5. 5. LSB 608 Grant for all my sins remission. 1 Jesus sinners doth receive; Let these words my soul relieve: Oh, may all this saying ponder Jesus sinners doth receive. Who in sins delusions live 5 Oh, how blest it is to know: And from God and heaven wander! Were as scarlet my transgression, Here is hope for all who grieve: It shall be as white as snow Jesus sinners doth receive. By Thy blood and bitter passion, 2 We deserve but grief and shame, For these words I now believe: Yet His words, rich grace revealing, Jesus sinners doth receive. Pardon, peace, and life proclaim; 6 Now my conscience is at peace; Here their ills have perfect healing From the Law I stand acquitted. Firmly in these words believe: Christ hath purchased my release Jesus sinners doth receive. And my evry sin remitted. 3 Sheep that from the fold did stray Naught remains my soul to grieve: No true shepherd eer forsaketh; Jesus sinners doth receive. Weary souls that lost their way 7 Jesus sinners doth receive; Christ, the Shepherd, gently taketh Also I have been forgiven; In His arms that they may live: And when I this earth must leave, Jesus sinners doth receive. I shall find an open heaven. 4 I, a sinner, come to Thee Dying, still to Him I cleave: With a penitent confession. Jesus sinners doth receive. Savior, mercy show to me;
  6. 6.  ―It is the confession, not the priest, that gives us absolution.‖ ~Oscar Wilde
  7. 7.  •What is the office of the keys? •Where is this written? •What do you believe according to these words? •What special authority has Christ given to His church on earth? •Why is this authority called the OOTK? •How is the OOTK related to the proclamation of the Gospel? •Who are to be forgiven (absolved)? Who receives the forgiveness given in absolution? •Who are repentant believers? •Who are not to be forgiven? •What is the necessary result of repentance? •How does the church publicly exercise the OOTK ? •Who should be considered for the office of pastor? •______________________________ Say Mean Matter SS Confession Key phrases Own words Answer the M Pleading Guilt questions/ T Confess to others Personal W Absolution application Th Sins Removed
  8. 8.  You say, "Brother Branham, am I in?" I dont know. Im hoping I am. We work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. Now, the Church is predestinated to meet God without spot or wrinkle. Now, if we are in that Church, we are predestinated with that Church. Now, examine yourself by the Word, then you can check up how far along we are. Now, now, organizational Christianity can never give that assurance. No. Some of them said, "You come up and confess that Jesus is the Christ, be baptized in the church." The Devil does the same thing. He believes himself, that Jesus is the Christ and trembles. See, thats right.
  9. 9.  I‟m going to tell you something folks, I didn’t stop sinning until I finally got it through my thick head I wasn‟t a sinner anymore. And the religious world thinks that‟s heresy and they want to hang you for it. But the Bible says that I‟m righteous and I can‟t be righteous and be a sinner at the same time.‖ Most people who go to denominational churches never ever hear that! They never hear it! Never! All I was ever taught to say was, „I‟m a poor, miserable sinner.‟ I am not poor, I am not miserable and I am not a sinner. That is a lie from the pit of hell. That is what I was and if I still am then Jesus died in vain. Amen?
  10. 10.  The Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ and as pastor of the entire church, has full, supreme, and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered ~Vatican II (Par. 882)
  11. 11.  See a short form of confession in Cat. and want to do better, this is just as The Office of the Keys is that special valid and certain, even in heaven, as if authority which Christ has given to His Christ our dear Lord dealt with us church on earth to forgive the sins of Himself. repentant sinners, but to withhold  • forgiveness from the unrepentant as  Pray: Let us never be robbed of our long as they do not repent. faithful preachers because of our ingratitude. But look upon the glory of This is what St. John the Evangelist Your holy name. Behold the kingdom of writes in chapter twenty: The Lord Your Anointed, that it may prevail Jesus breathed on His disciples and said, among us to the end of the world. "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90) anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are not forgiven." [John 20:22-231 I believe that when the called ministers of Christ deal with us by His divine command, in particular when they exclude openly unrepentant sinners from the Christian congregation and absolve those who repent of their sins
  12. 12.  Christ gives the auspices of the church to the apostles (Mt. 16:19)  The Apostles begin to appoint deacons and a system of basic governance for orderly worship One of the marks of the Church given to men is the declarative word of God, both for judgement and forgiveness  Law/Gospel preaching  Binding/loosing sins for the sake of discipline and comfort  Declaration of the Gospel within the liturgy
  13. 13.  Christ has given to His church the authority the power of keys; and finally, through the to forgive sins or to withhold forgiveness. mutual conversation and consolation of Matt. 18:18 1 tell you the truth, whatever you brethren" (Smalcald Articles III.IV). bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and  Matt. 18:20 Where two or three come together whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in in My name, there am I with them. heaven.  Matt. 28:18-20 Jesus came to them and said, John 20:22-23 [Jesus] breathed on them and "All authority in heaven and on earth has been said, "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive given to Me. Therefore go and make disciples of anyone his sins, they are forgiven; if you do not all nations, baptizing them in the name of the forgive them, they are not forgiven." Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, This authority works like a key to open and teaching them to obey everything I have heaven by forgiving sins, or to close heaven commanded you. And surely I am with you by not forgiving them. always, to the very end of the age." Matt. 16:19 I will give you the keys of the  1 Peter 2:9 You are a chosen people, a royal kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to will be bound in heaven, whatever you loose on God, that you may declare the praises of Him earth will be loosed in heaven. who called you out of darkness into His The Office of the Keys is a special God-given wonderful light. way of applying the Gospel to the individual.  • "God is surpassingly rich in His grace: First,  Pray: I do not worship my pastor, but he tells through the spoken word, by which the me of a Lord whose name is Christ, and forgiveness of sin (the peculiar function of the makes Him known to me. I will be attentive Gospel) is preached to the whole world; to listen to his words as long as he leads me to second, through Baptism; third, through the this Master and Teacher who is the Son of holy Sacrament of the Altar; fourth, through God. Amen. (Luther).
  14. 14. 1. Didache  ―You must not let anyone eat or drink of your Eucharist except those baptized in the Lord‘s name. For in reference to this, the Lord said, ―‗Do not give what is sacred to dogs‘ [Mt. 7.6] … If anyone is holy, let him come. If not, let him repent. Our Lord come. Amen‖ (9,5; 10,6)2. Augustine  The Churchs love, which is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, discharges the sins of all who are partakers with itself, but retains the sins of those who have no participation therein. Therefore it is, that after saying "Receive ye the Holy Ghost," He straightway added this regarding the remission and retention of sins. (NPNF1, vol. 7, p. 438.)
  15. 15. 3. Luther  He binds and joins himself to our work. Indeed, he himself commands us to do his own work. Why then, should we make it uncertain or reverse it, pretending he must first bind and loose in heaven? Just as if his binding and loosing in heaven were different from our binding and loosing on earth. … It shall be one single action, mine and yours, not a twofold one. It shall be one and the same key. While you do your work, mine is already done. When you bind and loose, I have already bound and loosed.4. Augsburg Confession, Article XII  If we define the sacraments as rites, which have the command of God and to which the promise of grace has been added, it is easy to determine what the sacraments are, properly speaking. ... Therefore, the sacraments are actually baptism, the Lords Supper, and absolution (the sacrament of penance).
  16. 16. Those who repent and ask for forgiveness are to over my neighbor. I do not have a firm, strongbe forgiven. faith; I doubt at times and cannot fully trust inActs 3:19 Repent, then, and turn to God, so that God. O Lord, help me; increase my faith and trustyour sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing for me. In You is locked the treasure of all mymay come from the Lord. possessions. I am poor; You are rich and are comeOnly repentant believers receive the forgiveness. to have mercy upon the poor. I am a sinner; YouPs. 32:5 1 acknowledged my sin to You and did not are righteous. I pour forth a stream of sin; but incover up my iniquity. I said, "I will confess my You are all fullness and righteousness. Amen.transgressions to the Lord"-and You forgave the guilt (Luther).of my sin. O Father it is indeed true that no one can beRepentant believers are those who are sorry for strong by his own power (1 Sam 2:4). Who cantheir sins (contrition) and believe in the Lord Jesus stand before Your might if You do not strengthenChrist as their Savior (faith). and comfort us Yourself? Therefore, dear Father,Ps. 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a embrace us, accomplish Your will in us, that webroken and contrite heart, 0 God, You will not may be Your kingdom to Your praise and glory.despise. But, dear Father, strengthen us in this life withActs 16:31 Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will Your holy Word. Give us our daily bread.be saved. Establish in our hearts Your dear Son Jesus ChristNote: Secretly unrepentant sinners (hypocrites) who is the true bread of heaven. Sustained byreject the forgiveness which the absolution truly Him, may we gladly bear and suffer the breakingoffers them. of the dying of our own will and the fulfillment of Your will. Give grace to all Christendom. Send us• educated pastors and preachers who will not givePray: Behold, lord, here is an empty cask that us the dregs and chaff of foolish fables, but whoneeds to be filled. My Lord, fill it. I am weak in will teach us Your holy Gospel and lead us to Jesusfaith; strengthen me. I am cold in love; warm me Christ. Amen. (Luther).and fill me with fire that my love may flow out
  17. 17.  Kleiðv I will give you the  deÑw: To bind or put under keys of the kingdom of the authority of; requirement heaven; and whatever  lu/w: to set free from a you bind on earth decree or requirement  Majority of scholars apply shall have been bound ―binding‖ and ―loosing‖ to in heaven, and the application of the law to specific circumstances whatever you loose on  Rabbi‘s chief role (one of earth shall have been Jesus‘ roles as well)  A form of Law/Gospel applied loosed in heaven.” to different people.
  18. 18.  Peace be with you! As the  enefushsen (5656) kai l egei , Labete pneuma a Father has sent me, I am gion; sending you. And with  ―breathed‖ is only used once before by the LXX, when that he breathed on them God breathed on Adam and said, “receive the  ―Receiving the Spirit‖ is declaring the truth of the Holy Spirit. If you forgive Spirit (―to lay hold of‖) anyone‟s sins, their sins  afhte tav amartiav af ewntai autoiv,an tinw are forgiven; if you do not n krathte kekrathntai. forgive them, they are not  Aphete means to send away  Kratete means to have forgiven.” power
  19. 19.  Unrepentant sinners, that is, those who are not flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you sorry for their sins and do not believe in Jesus overseers. Christ, are not to be forgiven as long as they do  1 Cor. 4:1 Let a man so consider us, as servants of not repent. Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God (NKJV). Matt. 18:17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to  2 Cor. 2:10 What I have forgiven ... I have forgiven the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the in the sight of Christ for your sake. church, treat him as you would a pagan or a tax  • collector.  Pray: Dear God and Father, we thank You for "Then good works, which are the fruits of Your infinite goodness and love for us. You repentance, are bound to follow" (Augsburg continually keep us in Your Word, in faith, and in Confession XII 6). prayer. By this we know how to walk before You Matt. 3:8 Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. in humility and in fear. By this we are not proud 905 John 8:11 Go now and leave your life of sin. of our own wisdom, righteousness, skill, and Bible narrative: Zacchaeus the tax collector (Luke strength, but glory alone in Your power. For You 19:1-10). are strong when we are weak, and through us weaklings you daily win and gain the victory. We The Christian congregation by the command of pray that You would so nurture us that we may Christ calls pastors to carry out the Office of the please You like beautiful gardens so that many Keys publicly in His name and on behalf of the people may enjoy our fruits and be attracted congregation. The pastoral office is a divine through us to all godliness. Write into our hearts, institution. by Your Holy Spirit, what is abundantly found in Eph. 4:11 It was He [Christ] who gave some to be Scripture. Let us constantly keep it in mind, and apostles, some to be prophets, some to be permit it to become far more precious to us than evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers. our own life and whatever we cherish on earth. Acts 20:28 Keep watch over yourselves and all the Help us to live and act accordingly. To You be praise and thanks in eternity. Amen. (Luther).
  20. 20.  I was dead, and behold, I am  kai o zwn, kai egenomh alive forevermore, and I have n nekrov kai idou zwn ei mi eiv touv aiwnav twn the keys of death and of Hades. aiwnwn,kai exw tav klei (1:18) v tou qanatou kai tou a And I saw an angel coming dou.  Ginomai: To become, to down out of heaven, having the create with intention, in this key to the Abyss and holding in case death his hand a great chain. And he  Thanatou: Death and laid hold of the dragon, the seperation  Adou: Hades, the place where serpent of old, who is the devil the bound sinners are found and Satan, and bound him for a  Deo: To fasten with chains thousand years; (20:1)  Krateo: To lay hold and apprehend
  21. 21.  Congregations are to call men who are workman who does not need to be ashamed well qualified personally and spiritually and who correctly handles the word of truth. to be their pastors.  1 Cor. 14:33-34 As in all the congregations "Our churches teach that nobody should of the saints, women should remain silent in preach publicly in the church or the churches. They are not allowed to speak, administer the sacraments unless he is but must be in submission, as the Law says. regularly called" (Augsburg Confession  Note: See also 1 Tim. 2:11-14. XIV).  • 1 Tim. 3:1-2 If anyone sets his heart on  Pray: Grant me and all listeners a being an overseer [pastor], he desires a grateful heart, that we may share all good noble task. Now the overseer must be above things with those who teach us the word, reproach, the husband of but one wife, rejoice in them, and not forsake them. temperate, self-controlled, respectable, Then we may be blessed by You, hospitable, able to teach. according to Your promise, in all the 2 Tim. 2:2 The things you have heard me works of our hands. Preserve us from say in the presence of many witnesses hirelings, timeservers, unfaithful entrust to reliable men who will also be laborers, and hypocrites, who falsely qualified to teach others. deceive the hearts of the righteous. 2 Tim. 2:15 Do your best to present Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90). yourself to God as one approved, a
  22. 22.  The keys unravel from the source of all forgiveness  Catastophe means to ―unravel‖  Tolkien creates the word ―eucatastrophe‖ to describe the moment in which an incredible act of pure salvation occurs to ―unravel‖ all the evil that is about to be done Christ is the ―Eucatastophe‖ that flows through the Church and its authority on earth.
  23. 23.  Gandalf! I thought you were dead! But then I thought I was dead myself. Is everything sad going to come untrue?― The Resurrection is the eucatastrophe of the story of the Incarnation — This story begins and ends in joy
  24. 24.  Pray: Merciful God, You have commanded us through Your only- begotten Son to pray for laborers in Your harvest. I earnestly beg You, grant us, Your sheep, pastors according to Your heart, to feed us with doctrine and wisdom. Put learned bishops, Christian pastors, pious teachers over Your congregation, faithfully to show the true way to eternal life. Fill them with Your Holy Spirit, so that they may fruitfully proclaim the holy and precious word of the Gospel, and sincerely complete Your work. Grant them a courageous heart that without fear or favor they may lift up their voices and put the adversaries to silence. Open the door for their word, that they may be blessed and go from strength to strength. May they also be shining examples for the flocks entrusted to their care. Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90).
  25. 25.  TLH 382 Who hung upon the tree 1. Lord, we confess our numerous faults; The Spirit is sent down to breathe How great our guilt has been, On such dry bones as we. How vain and foolish all our thoughts,  6. Raised from the dead, we live anew; And all our lives were sin. And justified by grace. 2. But, O my soul, forever praise, We shall appear in glory, too, Forever love, His name And see our Fathers face. Who turns thy feet from dangerous ways Of folly, sin, and shame. 3. Tis not by works of righteousness Which our own hands have done, But we are saved by Gods free grace Abounding through His Son. 4. Tis from the mercy of our God That all our hopes begin; Tis by the Water and the Blood Our souls are washed from sin. 5. Tis through the purchase of His death
  26. 26. "When I urge you to go to confession, I am simply Before the pastor or confessor we confess those sinsurging you to be a Christian.‖ -Large Cat which we know and feel in our hearts, especially thoseConfession has two parts. First that we confess our that trouble us.sins, and second, that we receive absolution, that is, Note: No one may be forced to make privateforgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself, not confession.doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are The second part of confession is that we receiveforgiven before God in heaven. absolution, that is, forgiveness of sins.Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even We should receive the pastors absolution as from Godthose we are not aware of, as we do in the Lords Himself, not doubting, but firmly believing that by itPrayer; but before the pastor we should confess only our sins are forgiven before God in heaven.those sins which we know and feel in our hearts. "It is not the voice or word of the man who speaks it,Consider your place in life according to the Ten but it is the Word of God, who forgives sin, for it isCommandments: Are you a father, mother, son, spoken in Gods stead and by Gods command" (Augsdaughter, husband, wife, or worker? Have you been Conf).disobedient, unfaithful, or lazy? Have you been hot- The pastor is pledged not to tell anyone else of sinstempered, rude, or quarrelsome? Have you hurt told him in private confession, for those sins havesomeone by your words or deeds? Have you stolen, been removed.been negligent, wasted anything, or done any harm? In private confession and absolution, God HimselfThe first part of confession is that we confess, or through the pastor forgives each individual the sinsacknowledge, our sins. that are confessed.Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even "If there is a heart that feels its sin and desiresthose we are not aware of, as we do in the Lords consolation, it has here a sure refuge when it hears inPrayer. Gods Word that through a man God looses andBefore our neighbor we should confess all sins we absolves him from his sins" (Large Cat).have committed against him.
  27. 27.  Church Discipline and Excommunication

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