1. Confession Definition The Giving and Receiving of Forgivness… Memorization Verses:Confession has two parts. First that we confess our sins, and second, that wereceive absolution, that is, forgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself,not doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are forgiven before Godin heaven.
2. LSB LSB 611 lutheran- Faith and hope to walk with God hymnal.com/online/tlh-342.mid In the way that Enoch trod.1 Chief of sinners though I be, 4 Chief of sinners though I be,Jesus shed His blood for me; Christ is all in all to me;Died that I might live on high, All my wants to Him are known,Lived that I might never die. All my sorrows are His own.As the branch is to the vine, He sustains the hidden lifeI am His and He is mine. Safe with Him from earthly strife.2 Oh, the height of Jesus love, 5 O my Savior, help affordHigher than the heavns above, By Your Spirit and Your Word!Deeper than the depths of sea, When my wayward heart would stray,Lasting as eternity! Keep me in the narrow way;Love that found me--wondrous thought! Grace in time of need supplyFound me when I sought Him not. While I live and when I die.3 Only Jesus can impartBalm to heal the wounded heart,Peace that flows from sin forgivn,Joy that lifts the soul to heavn;
3. Confess your sins.Take it to the cross.Hear your absolution: you are forgiven.Watch God forget by drowning them in Christ’s blood.
4. Pray: O God, behold my grief and care. I PRAYER would serve You with a glad and cheerful face but I cannot do it. No matter how• Confession much I fight and struggle against my sadness, I am too weak for this painful• Pleading Guilt conflict. Help me in my weakness, O• Confess to mighty God! Give me Your Holy Spirit toothers refresh and comfort me in my sorrow. Amid all my fears and grief I still know•Absolution that I am Yours in life and death, and• Sins Removed that nothing can really separate me fromP raise You; neither things present, nor things to come, neither trial, nor fear, nor pain.R epentance And therefore, O Lord, I will still trust inA ppreciation Your grace. You will now send me awayY ou unheard. Sooner or later You will lift thisE veryone burden from my heart, and put a new song on my lips. And I will praise YourR esolve goodness, and thank and serve You here and forevermore. Amen. (Sigismund Scheretz, 1584-1639).
5. LSB 773Hear us, Father, when we pray, through By Your Spirit now attend to our Your Son and in Your Spirit. By Your prayers and supplications, as like Spirits Word convey all that we incense they ascend to Your heavnly through Christ inherit, that as baptized habitations. May their fragrance waft heirs we may truly pray. above, God of love. When we know not what to say and our Heb 4:15 For we have not a high wounded souls are pleading, my Your priest that cannot be touched with Spirit, night and day, groan within us the feeling of our infirmities; but interceding; by His sighs, too deep for one that hath been in all points words, we are heard. tempted like as we are, yet without sin. 16Let us therefore draw near with boldness unto the Jesus, advocate on high, sacrificed on throne of grace, that we may Calvrys altar, through Your priestly receive mercy, and may find grace blood we cry: hear our prayers, though to help us in time of need. they may falter; place them on Your Fathers throne as your own.
6. "When I urge you to go to confession, I am simply urging you to be a Christian.” (Large Catechism, Brief Exhortation, 32)
7. If youve just been validly baptized, youdont need Confession, because Baptismwipes away all guilt of sin (and thetemporal effects of sin, by the way). If,however, you were validly baptized yearsago and are just now coming to thisSacrament for the first time, you mightwant to schedule an appointment withyour priest to make whats known as a"General Confession," which includessins of ones entire life, since it might takea bit longer than usual (do the same if youare a returning Catholic and havent beento Confession for many, many years)."General Confessions" are also oftenmade before before marriage orordination.
8. My most amusing confession moment was one time when I was in a longline before Mass. I had waited almost an hour and as the time for Massapproached two silver-haired people behind me started complaining abouthow long the line was taking. They worried that it wouldn’t go fast enoughbecause young people have so many sins that they take a long time. I was theonly young person in front of them and found this amusing because I oftenfeel the same dread of older women in front of me because of the stereotypethat older women talk for hours in confession about who-knows-what thatthey have already confessed every week for the last 50 years.I still don’t get the older people’s concern. Even if we young people do sinmore, how long does it take to say “I killed three firemen, had sex with 18married men, and lied more times than I can count… maybe twice an hourwhile awake. For these and all my sins I am very sorry?” Amount of sin hasnothing to do with how long it takes to confess it.
9. • What is confession? •What sins should we confess? •Which are these? •What is the first part of confession? •What sins should we confess before God? •What sins should we confess before our neighbor? •What sins are we encouraged to confess privately before our pastor or confessor? •What is the second part of confession? •How should we regard the absolution (forgiveness) spoken by the pastor? Say Mean Matter •______________________________ SS Confession Key phrases Own words Answer the questions/ M Pleading Guilt Personal T Confess to others application W Absolution
10. Confession has two parts. First that we Pray: O my dear Lord Jesus Christ, I find confess our sins, and second, that we that I do not have the kind of will and receive absolution, that is, forgiveness, resolution I certainly ought to have. I am from the pastor as from God Himself, not daily falling as a failing, sinful human doubting, but firmly believing that by it being. And You know that I desire to have our sins are forgiven before God in heaven. such will and resolution, but my enemy Before God we should plead guilty of all leads me bound and captive. Redeem me, sins, even those we are not aware of, as we a poor sinner, according to Your divine do in the Lords Prayer; but before the will, from every evil and temptation. pastor we should confess only those sins Strengthen and increase in me the true which we know and feel in our hearts. Christian faith; grant me grace to love my neighbor with all my heart, honestly and Consider your place in life according to the also do for my brother as I do for myself. Ten Commandments: Are you a father, Grant me patience in persecution and in mother, son, daughter, husband, wife, or every adversity. You told St. Peter that he worker? Have you been disobedient, should forgive not just seven times; You unfaithful, or lazy? Have you been hot- bid us ask You with confidence. So I come tempered, rude, or quarrelsome? Have you in reliance on this command and promise hurt someone by your words or deeds? of Yours and confess and deplore before Have you stolen, been negligent, wasted You all my trouble. For You are my true anything, or done any harm? Pastor and the Bishop of my soul. Your • will be done and be blessed forever. Amen. (Luther).
11. Luther writes a series of lectures that become the basis for the Large Catechism (1528) Luther omits the ministry of the keys, and contains only the five chief parts First edition of the small catechism contains an appendix with instruction on confession and absolution Meant as part of the liturgy A time for PRIVATE confession was preferred Subsequent editions omit this appendix, modernize the optional nature of confession for our audiences. Loses the scope of the intent of Concord’s treatment of the subject
12. What is a sacrament? A gift of God that binds the words of forgiveness to a visible object Instituted by Christ Is confession a sacrament? Yes, although Luther does not make it explicit due to the abuses within Catholicism Luther laments its neglect among the other reformers Today, it seems to depend more on our “defintion” of sacrament, unfortunately.
13. The first part of confession is that we Forgive my hidden faults. confess, or acknowledge, our sins. Prov. 28:13 He who conceals his sins does Ps. 32:3, 5 When I kept silent, my bones not prosper, but whoever confesses and wasted away through my groaning all day renounces them finds mercy. long. . . . Then I acknowledged my sin to 1 John 1:8-9 If we claim to be without sin, You and did not cover up my iniquity. I said, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in "I will confess my transgressions to the us. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and Lord" and You forgave the guilt of my sin. just and will forgive us our sins and purify Ps. 51:1-4 Have mercy on me, 0 God, us from all unrighteousness. according to Your unfailing love; according • to Your great compassion blot out my Pray: These eyes long steeped in tears, transgressions. Wash away all my iniquity will ever flow at pity’s call. My life has and cleanse me from my sin. For I know my been an age of sorrow: God has taught transgressions, and my sin is always before me how to feel. Where will it end? Teach me. Against You, You only, have I sinned me, O Word Divine! O may I reach that and done what is evil in Your sight, that You blessed home of peace, which no rude are proved right when You speak and winds perturb, no storms annoy. There justified when You judge. shines the luster of that Triune God, Before God we should plead guilty of all beneath whose fostering shade, we rest in sins, even those we are not aware of, as we hope. Amen. (Gregory of Nazianzus, c. do in the Lords Prayer. 329-c. 390) Ps. 19:12 Who can discern his errors?
14. God absolves Adam and Eve even without a proper confession While they admit to sin, they defend their actions God is just to punish and to cut off, but instead sets up a promise fulfilled in Christ in keeping with His sovereign plan Moses makes intercession on behalf of the Hebrews sin.” Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! … please forgive their sin— but if not, then blot me out of the book you have written. (Ex. 32) And Nathan said to David, "The LORD also has put away your sin; you shall not die.
15. Christ gives the auspices of the church to the apostles (Mt. 16:19) The Apostles begin to appoint deacons and a system of basic governance for orderly worship One of the marks of the Church given to men is the declarative word of God, both for judgement and forgiveness Law/Gospel preaching Binding/loosing sins for the sake of discipline and comfort Declaration of the Gospel within the liturgy
16. “Peter answered, “you are Christos: annointed, the Messiah, the Son of the Apokalupto: something hidden living God.” Jesus replied, that has a veil removed “blessed are you, Simon, oti su ei Petrov, kai epi for this was not revealed to tauth th petra oikodom you by flesh and blood, hsw: “This rock” is a pronoun but by my Father in with a 3rd person antecedent. heaven. And I tell you that “This” is different than “you” you are Peter and on this rock I will build my katisxu/w: to be superior in church, the gates of Hades strength. Confession is mighty! will not overcome it.
17. Kleiðv I will give you the deÑw: To bind or put under keys of the kingdom the authority of; requirement of heaven; and lu/w: to set free from a whatever you bind on decree or requirement Majority of scholars apply earth shall have been “binding” and “loosing” to bound in heaven, and the application of the law to specific circumstances whatever you loose Rabbi’s chief role (one of on earth shall have Jesus’ roles as well) A form of Law/Gospel applied been loosed in to different people. heaven.”
18. Peace be with you! As the enefushsen (5656) kai l egei , Labete pneuma a Father has sent me, I am gion; sending you. And with that “breathed” is only used once before by the LXX, when he breathed on them and God breathed on Adam said, “receive the Holy “Receiving the Spirit” is declaring the truth of the Spirit. If you forgive Spirit (“to lay hold of”) anyone’s sins, their sins are afhte tav amartiav af ewntai autoiv,an tinw forgiven; if you do not n krathte kekrathntai. forgive them, they are not Aphete means to send away Kratete means to have forgiven.” power
19. Before our neighbor we should confess all gleamed, no pitying star peeked forth to sins we have committed against him or her. guide this woe-worn mariner—that dread James 5:16 Confess your sins to each other. hour, what was my high resolve? How did I Matt. 5:23-24 If you are offering your gift at shun the gloomy gates of death? Renouncing the altar and there remember that your brother earthly aid, to You I looked, my life, my has something against you, leave your gift there breath, my light, my strength, my safety. At in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to once appalling, thrilling, smiling, healing, your brother; then come and offer your gift. with misery’s cup commingling comfort! Before the pastor or confessor we confess those Yours have I been, O Lord, and still I am sins which we know and feel in our hearts, Yours. Amen. (Gregory of Nazianzus, c. 329- especially those that trouble us. 390). 2 Sam. 12:13 David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the Lord." Nathan replied, "The Lord has taken away your sin." James 5:16 Confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. Note: No one may be forced to make private confession. • Pray: You were, O Christ, my great deliverer in the past. You now preserve me from the waves of life. When no dawn of glimmering hope appeared, no island, continent, or mountain’s brown was seen; when no beacon
20. 1. Papist (Roman Catholic): Incorrectly interprets Mt. 16 as relinquishing power to Peter Does not regard the confession as greater than the Peter (or the others) Visible and Invisible Church are united inseparably Confession becomes a source of power for the RC church.
21. 1. Anabaptist Incorrectly interprets Mt. 16 as having no focus upon a visible church authority invested in people Turns confession into an inward emotion, or worse, a good work that I do. Focuses on “personal faith” over Christ’s declaritive absolution spoken in community
22. 1. The impenitent A false believer who asserts that visible confession literalistically absolves sin ex opera operato Hopes to avoid both physical and spiritual punishment/consequence of sin. True repentance is not found in one who delights in sin
23. 1. The guilt ridden A true believer that has been withheld the benefit and comfort of spoken absolution Constant fear that he has not “confessed” all his sins, and is somehow under judgment for unknown sin Turns confession into a good work to ease a conscience.
24. The believer to rest assured that Christ is in the midst of our sin Whether or not we confess all are sins Whether or not we feel “perfectly” sorry for every sin we commit Whether or not we could possible “work” to cancel our sins or make things right
25. Absolution is the spoken sacrament that delivers the word of God to our ears looses the pain of guilt Creates a contrite, yet comforted spirit Invigorates real and active work in the world without command Puts of a sign (like lenten ash) upon our souls
26. The second part of confession is that we they are forgiven. receive absolution, that is, forgiveness of • sins. Pray: Most merciful God, we confess Is. 1:18 "Come now, let us reason that we are by nature sinful and together," says the Lord. "Though your sins unclean. We have sinned against You in are like scarlet, they shall be as white as thought, word, and deed, by what we snow; though they are red as crimson, they have done and by what we have left shall be like wool." undone. We have not loved you with our We should receive the pastors absolution whole heart; we have not loved our as from God Himself, not doubting, but neighbors as ourselves. We justly firmly believing that by it our sins are deserve Your present and eternal forgiven before God in heaven. punishment. For the sake of Your Son, "It is not the voice or word of the man Jesus Christ, have mercy on us. Forgive who speaks it, but it is the Word of God, us, renew us, and lead us, so that we who forgives sin, for it is spoken in may delight in Your will and walk in Gods stead and by Gods command" Your ways to the glory of Your holy (Augsburg Confession XXV 3). name. Grant that we may rely on Your Matt. 18:18 Whatever you loose on earth Word and forgiveness, spoken to us will be loosed in heaven. through Your called and ordained Luke 10:16 He who listens to you listens servant of the Word. Amen. (LW; Earl to Me Gaulke) John 20:23 If you forgive anyone his sins,
27. The Pastor to maintain an orderly worship amongst his congregants Called to hear private confession Leads in confession of sins, and declares Forgiveness in the stead of Christ Maintains proper Law/Gospel application Binds people and excommunicates
28. The Church To self-identify as a corporal body of forgiven sinners To hear one another confess sins, despite our grievances with one another. To call out and expose false doctrines and teachers
29. Repentance means to “turn the mind” Contrition is a change of mind regarding sin Contrite sinners find no profit in their sin Repentance is a recognition of sin not necessarily a perfect removal of it. Faith is like a change of mind about salvation When a sinner stops thinking he can save himself through proper repentance Receives the perfect grace of Christ.
30. The pastor is pledged not to tell anyone else of taken away your sin." sins told him in private confession, for those Matt. 9:2 Take heart, son; your sins are sins have been removed. forgiven. Ps. 103:12 As far as the east is from the west, so • far has He removed our transgressions from us. O Lord, I am not worthy of Your consolatio Prov.11:13 A gossip betrays a confidence, but a nor of any spiritual visitation. Therefore, de trustworthy man keeps a secret. justly with me, when You leave me poor and 1 Tim. 3:1-2 Here is a trustworthy saying: If desolate. For though I could shed a sea of anyone sets his heart on being an overseer tears, yet I would not be worthy of Your [pastor], he desires a noble task. Now the consolation. I deserved nothing but to be overseer must be above reproach. scourged and punished, in that I have In private confession and absolution, God grievously and often offended You, and in Himself through the pastor forgives each many things have sinned greatly. All things individual the sins that are confessed. therefore duly considered, I am not worthy "If there is a heart that feels its sin and even of the least comfort. But You, O gracio desires consolation, it has here a sure refuge and merciful God, do not will that Your wor when it hears in Gods Word that through a should perish. You desire to show the riches man God looses and absolves him from his of Your goodness upon the vessels for mercy sins" (Large Catechism, Brief Exhortation, Beyond all Your servant deserves, grant 14). comfort that differs from the manner of me Ps. 32:2 Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord Amen. (Thomas a Kempis, c. 1380-1471). does not count against him. 2 Sam. 12:13 Nathan replied, "The Lord has
31. For our God, the God we have, is not so niggardly that hehas left us with only one comfort or strengthening for ourconscience, or only one absolution, but we have manyabsolutions in the gospel and we are richly showered withmany absolutions. See, my Lord, I have been baptized inthy name so that I may be assured of thy grace and mercy.Then we have private confession, when I go and receive asure absolution as if God himself spoke it, so that I may beassured that my sins are forgiven. Finally, I take to myselfthe blessed sacrament, when I eat his body and drink hisblood as a sign that I am rid of my sins and God has freedme from all my frailties; and in order to make me sure ofthis, he gives me his body to eat and his blood to drink, sothat I shall not and cannot doubt that I have a gracious God.Thus you see that confession must not be despised, but thatit is a comforting thing.
32. Pray: I acknowledge, O Lord, of my sins be charged upon me that I am a most guilty sinner, to my condemnation. Let me altogether unable to help through faith in His blood be myself, and unworthy that You freely justified by Your grace, should help me. My own and let not any of my sins be conscience condemns me. But charged upon me to my O God, God of mercy, forsake condemnation. Let me by His me not, nor leave me under the merits and righteousness be so piercing thoughts of my sad and delivered from the guilt of sinful condition. In the them, that I may serve You in multitude of Your compassions, righteousness and holiness of all make good Your promise to a the days of my life. Christ died returning sinner. I earnestly for me while I lay under the beg Your grace to a serious and sentence of death. May I no genuine repentance. I lay longer live unto myself, but myself before You, destitute of unto Him who died for me and any merits of my own. Apply rose again, even Jesus Christ, the merits of Your dear Son to my Redeemer. Amen. (Johann all the wants and necessities of Gerhard, 1582-1637). my soul. Let me through faith in His blood be freely justified by Your grace, and let not any
33. Jesus loves me! This I know, For the Bible tells me so; Jesus loves me! loves me still, Little ones to Him belong, When Im very weak and ill; They are weak but He is From His shining throne on strong. high, Yes, Jesus loves me! Comes to watch me where I lie. Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! The Bible tells me so. Yes, Jesus loves me! The Bible tells me so. Jesus loves me! He who died, Heavens gate to open wide; Jesus loves me! He will stay, He will wash away my sin, Close beside me all the way; Let His little child come in. Hes prepared a home for me, Yes, Jesus loves me! And some day His face Ill see. Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! Yes, Jesus loves me! The Bible tells me so. Yes, Jesus loves me! The Bible tells me so.
34. "When I urge you to go to confession, I am simply Before the pastor or confessor we confess those sinsurging you to be a Christian.” -Large Cat which we know and feel in our hearts, especially thoseConfession has two parts. First that we confess our that trouble us.sins, and second, that we receive absolution, that is, Note: No one may be forced to make privateforgiveness, from the pastor as from God Himself, not confession.doubting, but firmly believing that by it our sins are The second part of confession is that we receiveforgiven before God in heaven. absolution, that is, forgiveness of sins.Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even We should receive the pastors absolution as from Godthose we are not aware of, as we do in the Lords Himself, not doubting, but firmly believing that by itPrayer; but before the pastor we should confess only our sins are forgiven before God in heaven.those sins which we know and feel in our hearts. "It is not the voice or word of the man who speaks it,Consider your place in life according to the Ten but it is the Word of God, who forgives sin, for it isCommandments: Are you a father, mother, son, spoken in Gods stead and by Gods command" (Augsdaughter, husband, wife, or worker? Have you been Conf).disobedient, unfaithful, or lazy? Have you been hot- The pastor is pledged not to tell anyone else of sinstempered, rude, or quarrelsome? Have you hurt told him in private confession, for those sins havesomeone by your words or deeds? Have you stolen, been removed.been negligent, wasted anything, or done any harm? In private confession and absolution, God HimselfThe first part of confession is that we confess, or through the pastor forgives each individual the sinsacknowledge, our sins. that are confessed.Before God we should plead guilty of all sins, even "If there is a heart that feels its sin and desiresthose we are not aware of, as we do in the Lords consolation, it has here a sure refuge when it hears inPrayer. Gods Word that through a man God looses andBefore our neighbor we should confess all sins we absolves him from his sins" (Large Cat).have committed against him.