Chain the Catechism: A topical study through the Lutheran confessions Apostle’s Creed: 2nd Article: Redemption
Create an Acrostic and Decorate based on the memorization. R E D E M P TI O N I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty. From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead.
Pray your redemption acrostic re·demp·tion [ri-demp-shuhn] –noun1.an act of redeeming or the state of being redeemed. 2.deliverance; rescue. 3.Theology . deliverance from sin; salvation. 4.atonement for guilt. 5.repurchase, as of something sold. 6.paying off, as of a mortgage, bond, or note. 7.recovery by payment, as of something pledged. 8.conversion of paper money into specie.
LSB#531 lutheran-hymnal.com/online/tlh-367.mid DEFE|FG#AA|BBCB|CBA-| 1. Hail, Thou once despised Jesus! Hail, Thou Galilean King! Thou didst suffer to release us; Thou didst free salvation bring. Hail, Thou universal Savior, Who hast borne our sin and shame, By whose merits we find favor! Life is given through Thy name. 2. Paschal Lamb, by God appointed, All our sins on Thee were laid; By almighty love anointed, Thou hast full atonement made. Every sin may be forgiven Through the virtue of Thy blood; Open is the gate of heaven, Peace is made 'twist man and God. 3. Jesus, hail, enthroned in glory, There forever to abide! All the heavenly host adore Thee, Seated at Thy Father's side. There for sinners Thou art pleading, There Thou dost our place prepare, Ever for us interceding Till in glory we appear. 4. Worship, honor, power, and blessing Thou art worthy to receive; Loudest praises, without ceasing, Meet it is for us to give. Help, ye bright angelic spirits, Bring your sweetest, noblest lays; Help to sing our Savior's merits, Help to chant Immanuel's praise.
Schindler: They fear us because we have the power to kill arbitrarily. A man commits a crime, he should know better. We have him killed and we feel pretty good about it. Or we kill him ourselves and we feel even better. That's not power, though, that's justice. That's different than power. Power is when we have every justification to kill - and we don't. Goeth: You think that's power. Schindler: That's what the emperors had. A man stole something, he's brought in before the emperor, he throws himself down on the ground, he begs for mercy, he knows he's going to die. And the emperor pardons him. This worthless man, he lets him go. Goeth: I think you are drunk. Schindler: That's power, Amon. That is power. Amon, the Good. Goeth: I pardon you. AC:2nd Art: Schindler’s List
With the 2nd Article, Luther emphasizing the teaching of the word “Lord” for children’s meditation. Subtle shift towards redemption in later editions. Let this, then, be the sum of this article that the little word Lord signifies simply as much as Redeemer (Triglotta, 685) Christ’s ability to save is anchored in who He is and what His authority brings. What are our perceptions and misperceptions of “Lord”? Luther suggests that the defining aspect of Christ’s redeeming work resides in His place of sovereignty and glory. AC:2nd Art: Jesus, Vocation and Value
The Apostles’ Creed: History
Based on the Matthew 25 text regarding the nature and name of baptism (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)
Earliest Creedal formation (outside of scripture) is Justin Matryr(2nd century AD)
Into the name of the father of the universe and Lord God, and of Jesus Christ who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and of the Holy Spirit who through the prophets foretold all things concerning Jesus.
2nd pre-Nicene Creed (c. 200) Roman Cross and Tertullian
I believe in God the Father almighty; and in Christ Jesus His only Son, our Lord, Who was born from the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, Who under Pontius Pilate was crucified and buried, on the third day rose again from the dead, ascended to heaven, sits at the right hand of the Father, whence He will come to judge the living and the dead; and in the Holy Spirit, the holy Church, the remission of sins, the resurrection of the flesh(the life everlasting).
Develops into an expanded “Apostles’ Creed” by the 4th cent. (Ambrose, 390), and later in 8th cent. (maker/heaven and earth)
The Apostles’ Creed: Trinity
The AC is a doctrinal statement concerning the nature of God in three persons, directing the Christian in understanding the BASICS of whom they worship
Maker, Creator, Provider, Father
Redeemer, incarnate, begotten, eternal Son
Inspiring, faithful, bolstering Spirit
It stipulates not only the functions of each person in the Godhead, but also expression of their relationship to one another.
Creeds are refined to refute heretical views and the develop (thus the need for the ecumenical creeds as a whole)
National/Covenental: The Exodus as the defining redemption story All OT scripture looks back on this history as Yahweh’s redemption of his people from slavery Used allegorically to describe Yahweh’s continued remembrance of promise in the midst of current difficulties Personal/Familial: Historical narratives, such as Ruth, Joshua, and Isaac, show the emotionally cogent side of redemption. Kinsman Redeemer Real impact, strong family connections, inheritance language. Sacrificial/Archetypal: Cultic symbols of blood and sacrifice, of the holy of holies, serve as a reminder of the ransom that needs payment. Frames the Archetype for Christ as revelation progresses. AC:2nd Art: OT Context
"Thus says the LORD God of Israel, 'I made a covenant with your forefathers in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.” (Jer. 34:13) No man canby any means redeem his brother Or give to God a ransom for him-- For the redemption of his soul is costly, And he should cease trying forever -- (Ps. 49:7-8) Say, therefore, to the sons of Israel, 'I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from their bondage. I will also redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. 7 'Then I will take you for My people, and I will be your God; and you shall know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians (Ex. 6:6-7) I have heard your prayer and have chosen this place for Myself as a house of sacrifice. (2 Chron. 7:12) hdb( (`abodah): Labor, toil, captive Rpk (Kopher): Ransom, To bribe l)g (ga’al): To redeem; act as kinsman-redeemer. (Related, Free, Able and Willing) AC:2nd Art: OT Exegesis
Christocentric/Historical Christ becomes the curse. Suffers death as a temporal being. Located in time/space/location. Fulfills Temple Archetype Church/Testamental Christ becomes the body of his followers who preach a New Testament as the redeemed elect to bound sinners. Individual/Sacramental Christ becomes the body, broken for us for the remission of sins in the bread and wine. We are identified in the new covenant through baptismal regeneration. Connection between redemption and renewal. AC:2nd Art: NT Context
For we know that the Law is spiritual, but I am of flesh, sold into bondage to sin. (Rom. 7:14) "Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, For He has visited us and accomplished redemption for His people, (Luke 1:68) In Him we have redemption through His blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of His grace (Eph. 1:7) For this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, so that, since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. (Heb. 9:15) Mesiðthv (Mesites): One who offers peace between two parties a)polu/trwsiv (Apolutrosis): Freedom based on paying a ransom Klhronomiða(Kleronomia): Consummate blessing from what is earned AC:2nd Art: NT Exegesis
Into this grim graveyard of souls comes the Lord Jesus. He is the hero who appears at the 11th hour of the human race. He is the champion who walks out onto the battlefield on our behalf. He is the denouement to a tragedy that suddenly becomes a victory. He is different than we are, yet he is the same. He is the God-Man-- begotten of the Father from eternity and born of the virgin Mary. He loves us. He feels for our miserable condition. He is filled with desire to help us. So he confronts the jailer--Satan. He grips the chains--sin and death. He is not a private first class, a neophyte who is no match for such a formidable task. He is the Major General of God's military. He is the Lord. He has the power. He has the authority. He overcomes the enemy. He expels the jailer and all his tyrants as Luther so aptly describes it. He breaks the chains and bars and confinements of sin and death and all evil. He leads us out in the sunlight of his love, of his salvation, of his righteousness. We are free! AC:2nd Art: Christ as Kinsman-Redeemer "Apostles Creed" Petermann. "Apostles Creed." 2011. 25 February 2011 <http://www.wlsessays.net/files/PetermannApostles.pdf>.
Apostle’s Creed:2nd Article: Redemption What does this mean? Memorize the explanation For each day, find 3 proof verses to pray on. SS: Christ, Son, Judge M: True God and True Man T : Redeemed me, Purchased me from sin, death, and devil, Bought through blood and innocent suffering and death W: I am His, Live under Him and His kingdom, Serving him in everlasting righteousness, innocence and blessedness Th: Risen from the dead, Lives and reigns to all eternity, The Way Truth & Life
SS: I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty. From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead. •Christ: •Son: •Judge:
M I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the Virgin Mary, is my Lord, •True God and true man: •Begotten of the Father: •Born of the Virgin Mary:
T who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil; not with gold or silver, but with His holy, precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death, •Redeemed me: •Purchased me from sin, death, and devil: •Bought through blood and innocent suffering and death:
W that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, •I am His: •Live under Him and His kingdom: •Serving him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness:
Th just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity. This is most certainly true. •Risen from the dead: •Lives and reigns to all eternity: •The Way, Truth, and Life:
Pray: Jesus loves me! This I know, For the Bible tells me so. Little ones to Him belong; They are weak but He is strong. Jesus loves me! Loves me still, Tho I'm very weak and ill, That I might from sin be free, Bled and died upon the tree. Jesus loves me! He who died Heaven's gate to open wide; He will wash away my sin, Let His little child come in. Jesus loves me! He will stay Close beside me all the way. Thou hast bled and died for me; I will henceforth live for Thee.
Conclusion I believe in Jesus Christ, His only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried. He descended into hell. The third day He rose again from the dead. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty. From thence He will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the Father from eternity, and also true man, born of the Virgin Mary, is my Lord, who has redeemed me, a lost and condemned person, purchased and won me from all sins, from death, and from the power of the devil; not with gold or silver, but with His holy, precious blood and with His innocent suffering and death, that I may be His own and live under Him in His kingdom and serve Him in everlasting righteousness, innocence, and blessedness, just as He is risen from the dead, lives and reigns to all eternity. This is most certainly true.