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10.10.22 9th&10th commands
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10.10.22 9th&10th commands

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  • 1. The 9th and 10thCommandments: 9. You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. 10. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. 1 Tim 6:8-10 If we have food… 1 Tim 6:6 Godliness with… Phil 2:4 Each of you… Ps 37:4 Delight yourself… Memorization Verses:
  • 2. If I had a million dollars…
  • 3. I want…. I need…
  • 4. LSB#730 G|ECFF|A-.A|DDGD|EDCG|AAGF|E-. 1. What is the world to me With all its vaunted pleasure When you, and you alone, Lord Jesus, are my treasure! You only, dearest Lord, My soul’s delight shall be; You are my peace, my rest What is the world to me! 2. The world seeks to be praised And honored by the mighty Yet never once reflects That they are frail and flighty. But what I truly prize Above all things is he, My Jesus, he alone. What is the world to me! 3. The world seek after wealth And all that mammon offers Yet never is content Though gold should fill its coffers. I have a higher good, Content with it I’ll be: My Jesus is my wealth. What is the world to me! 4. What is the world to me! My Jesus is my treasure, My life, my health, my wealth, My friend, my love, my pleasure, My joy, my crown, my all, My bliss eternally. Once more, then, I declare: What is the world to me!
  • 5.  The poverty of our century is unlike that of any other. It is not, as poverty was before, the result of natural scarcity, but of a set of priorities imposed upon the rest of the world by the rich. Consequently, the modern poor are not pitied... but written off as trash. The twentieth- century consumer economy has produced the first culture for which a beggar is a reminder of nothing. ~John Berger
  • 6.  U.S. consumers and industry dispose of enough aluminum to rebuild the commercial air fleet every three months; enough iron and steel to continuously supply all automakers; enough glass to fill New York's World Trade Center every two weeks. ~Environmental Defense Fund advertisement, Christian Science Monitor, 1990
  • 7.  Advertising has us chasing cars and clothes, working jobs we hate so we can buy garbage we don't need.  Fight Club, based on the novel by Chuck Palahniuk
  • 8.  Dmox ta-)lo K1(er tybdmoxta )lo  wOrwO#$w: wOtm)jwA wOdb(aw: K1(er" t#e$)  p.K1(er"lr#e$)j lkow: wOrmoxjwA  hwE)att )low: s K1(er" t#e$) dmoxta )lo Dt wOdb(aw: whd"#&K1(er tyb  s .K1(er"l r#e$)j lkow: wOrmoxjwA wOrwO#$ wOtm)jwA  You shall not covet the house of your neighbor. You shall not covet the wife of your neighbor and his male servant and his female servant and his ox and his donkey and anything which [is] to your neighbor. (Ex. 20:17)  Dmox (Chamad): Strong Desire  can be used in either a good or bad sense, like the Greek epiqumhsei or the Latin concupio.
  • 9.  Deuteronomy 5 uses two different verbs, the qal of dmax.  The repetition of the verb seems to justify our division of the prohibition on coveting into two commandments, but Deuteronomy raises doubt on this point, because it changes the order of the items to read, “Do not covet your neighbor’s wife. Do not desire his house etc.”  If this commandment is divided into two, the 9th commandment is different in Exodus than it is in Deuteronomy. See the further discussion below in the appendix.
  • 10.  It is fitting that the commandments should conclude by emphasizing the motivation and thoughts of the heart  Just as they began with a “word” which emphasized motivation.  For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts and the beginning of sin.  Out of the heart comes the motivation of faith, which moves one to keep the commandments.  And all the people were seeing the thunders and the lightnings and the sound of the horn and the mountain [in] smoke, and the people saw [or feared in some versions] and they shook and they stood far off. (Ex. 20:18)
  • 11.  Indeed I would not have known what sin was except through the law. For I would not have known what it was to covet if the law had not said, ‘Do not covet,’ But sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, produced in me every kind of covetous desire. For apart from Law, sin is dead. Once I was alive apart from Law; but when the commandment came sin sprang to life and I died ...Did that which is good, then, become death to me? By no means! But in order that sin might be recognized as sin, it produced death in me through what was good, so that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful. (Romans 7:7)
  • 12. Old Testament  Coveting is both the beginning of worship, and the beginning of the fall (compare Gen 2:9 and 3:6)  Augustine suggests that it is this innate desire in man, when misplaced, that brings about sin.  Coveting is not punishable, but is often typified as a desire that results in great tragedy/sin (consider David and Baathsheba)  New Testament  Coveting is used as an example of the external law defining an inward rebellion (Jesus and the rich ruler)  Disciples went with little, and shared assets based on a common brotherhood (built on Christ, discipline, and charity)
  • 13. Satan Desires:  We live in constant insatiability  We live under an oppressive law to save ourselves  We ignore the contented peace of God  God the Father, Son and Spirt want:  Fellowship and true belief  To purge our sin and grief  To discipline us and build us into creatures of right desire
  • 14.  I am not saying this because I am in need, for I have learned to be content whatever the circumstances. I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want. (Philippians 4:11-12)  When God’s word, His grace and salvation is sufficient and our sole desire, we will lack nothing.
  • 15.  Questions:  What is coveting?  What is for bidden?  What is required?  Teams:  SS: Coveting is…  M: Forbidden 9th  T: Required 9th  W: Forbidden 10th  Th: Required 10th
  • 16.  We believe coveting is having a sinful desire for anyone or anything that belongs to our neighbor. God forbids every sinful desire to get our neighbor's possessions openly or by trickery. He calls us to use our wealth for the good of others and His glory.  Rom. 7:8 Sin ... produced in me every kind of covetous desire.  Matt. 15:19 Out of the heart come evil thoughts, murder, adultery, sexual immorality, theft, false testimony, slander.  Micah 2:1-2 Woe to those who plan iniquity.... They covet fields and seize them, and houses, and take them. They defraud a man of his home, a fellowman of his inheritance.  1 Tim. 6:8-10 If we have food and clothing, we will be content with that. People who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap and into many foolish and harmful desires that plunge men into ruin and destruction. For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.  Ahab coveted Naboth's vineyard and got it in a way which only seemed right (I Kings 2:11-16).  Pray: Dear Father, here You teach us how we shall not use deception to release, drain, or extort our neighbor’s property, but help him keep it, as we ourselves desire help to keep our property. You are also a protection against the sly tricks and schemes of the worldly minded. They will receive their punishment in the end. Lord, teach us to pray: Our Father who art in heaven…Amen. (Luther)
  • 17.  We should be content with what God has given us and assist our neighbor in keeping what God has given that person. We should strive for success in a way that pleases God and serves our neighbors.  Phil. 4:11 I am not saying this because I am in need, for I have learned to be content whatever the circumstances.  1 Tim. 6:6 Godliness with contentment is great gain.  Heb. 13:5 Keep your lives free from the love of money and be content with what you have, because God has said, "Never will I leave you; never will I forsake you.“  Paul overcame coveting (Acts 20:32- 35).  Pray: Come, O Lord, in much mercy down into my soul, and take possession and dwell there. A homely mansion, I confess, for so glorious a Majesty. Enter then, and adorn, and make it what You can inhabit, since it is the work of your hands. Give me Your own self, without which, though You should give me all that You have ever made, yet my desires could not be satisfied. Let my soul ever seek You, and let me persist in seeking, till I have found, and am in full possession of You. (Augustine 354)
  • 18.  God forbids every sinful desire to take from our neighbor that person's spouse or workers. We should be content with the helpers God has given us and encourage our neighbor's helpers to be faithful to our neighbor.  Luke 12:15 He said to them, "Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed; a man‘s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.“  Col. 3:5 Put to death, therefore, whatever belongs to your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires and greed, which is idolatry.  David coveted Uriah's wife and took her (2 Sam. 11:2-4).  Absalom estranged the hearts of the people from David (2 Sam. 15:1-6).  Phil. 2:4 Each of you should look not only to your own interests, but also to the interests of others.  Paul returned a runaway slave to his master Philemon (Philemon).  Pray: O our Lord and God, restrain our thoughts, that they wander not amid the vanities of this world. O Lord our God, grant that I may be united to the affection of Your love, unworthy though I be. Glory be to You, O Christ. Ascend into the chamber of Your renowned light, O Lord; sow in me the good seed of humility; and under the wings of Your grace hide me through Your mercy. Amen. (Liturgy of Addai and Mari c. 200).
  • 19.  We believe in God's sight evil desire, coveting, is indeed sin and deserves condemnation. God wants us to love Him and to have holy desires.  Gen. 3:6 When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it.  James 1:14-15 Each one is tempted when by his own evil desire, he is dragged away and enticed. Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death.  Ps. 37:4 Delight yourself in the Lord and He will give you the desires of your heart.  Ps. 119:35-36 Direct me in the path of Your commands, for there I find delight. Turn my heart toward Your statutes and not toward selfish gain.  Phil. 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely,  Pray: Almighty God, you are the only and supreme happiness of the soul of man, without the enjoyment of whom the soul must ever dwell in disquietude and trouble. Fix all the thoughts and affections of my soul upon You, who alone can satisfy all its desires, and give it a peace that passes all understanding. You shall be all in all and the sight of You and Your glory be her great and endless happiness to all eternity. Amen.
  • 20. Questions: What is coveting? What is for bidden? What is required? We believe coveting is having a sinful desire for anyone or anything that belongs to our neighbor. God forbids every sinful desire to get our neighbor's possessions openly or by trickery. He calls us to use our wealth for the good of others and His glory. We should be content with what God has given us and assist our neighbor in keeping what God has given that person. We should strive for success in a way that pleases God and serves our neighbors. God forbids every sinful desire to take from our neighbor that person's spouse or workers. We should be content with the helpers God has given us and encourage our neighbor's helpers to be faithful to our neighbor. We believe in God's sight evil desire, coveting, is indeed sin and deserves condemnation. God wants us to love Him and to have holy desires.
  • 21.  The Close of the Commands