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This week's Chain the Catechism Study focuses on the Reformation creed of Grace Alone. Fridays, 7:00pm. More information on the events page.

This week's Chain the Catechism Study focuses on the Reformation creed of Grace Alone. Fridays, 7:00pm. More information on the events page.

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100430 sola gratia chain the cat 100430 sola gratia chain the cat Presentation Transcript

  • The Basics: Sola Gratia
    Memorization Verses:
    Eph 2:1-10 And you were dead
    Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves were once foolish
    Psalm 103:10 He does not deal
    Phil 4:19 And my God will supply
    2 Cor 12:9But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient…”
  • Opening Prayer
    O Lord, our God, we acknowledge Your great goodness toward us and praise You for the mercy and grace that our eyes have seen, our ears have heard, our hearts have known. We sincerely repent of the sins of this day and those of the past. Pardon our offenses, correct and reform what is lacking in us, and help us to grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Inscribe Your law upon our hearts, and equip us to serve You with holy and blameless lives. May each day remind us of the coming of the night when no one can work. In the emptiness of this present age keep us united by a living faith through the power of Your Holy Spirit with Him who is the resurrection and the life, that we may escape the eternal bitter pains of condemnation. Keep us this day under your protective care and preserve us, securely trusting in Your everlasting goodness and love, for the sake of Your Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord, who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen. LSB
  • Chrestotes (xrhsto/thv):Goodness/integrity
    Charis (xa/riv): Friendship and Joy; delight
    Philanthropia (filanqrwpiða):Love of Man
    Chesed (dsk): Perfect and Merciful Love
    Doctrine of Grace:
    God’s revelation to all people of His loving kindness
    The specific revelation of Christ as the means towards friendship with God
    Eph. 2:7 so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindnesstoward us in Christ Jesus.
    What is Grace?
  • The affirmation that the only security of salvation lies in God’s unmerited disposition and love for man.
    The grace can only expiate God’s wrath (foreign work) through Christ.
    The rejection of a synthesis of grace and works in earning God’s love and acceptance.
    Grace Alone (Sola Gratia)
    Martin Chemnitz, Loci Theologici, Vol. 2 p. 522
  • God’s favor toward us,
    God’s work of redeeming us through Jesus’ sacrifice,
    God’s activity in leading us to faith (which includes electing, calling, and preserving us in faith,
    God’s power given to us as members of his church to do some facet of the work of his church (which includes our personal growth and ability to help others.) Each of these aspects finds its center in Christ.
    Aspects of Grace
    Grace as Taught by Augustine and Luther By: Robert Koester
    [Dakota-Montana District Pastoral Conference April 20-22,1993 Rapid City, South Dakota]
  • TheClothingof Adam
    The Callingof Israel
    The Covenant Mercy Seat
    The Cry of the Prophets
    TheCompassionof a father
    TheChristincarnate
    A Mosaic of Grace
  • God‘s Friendship
    14.How could Paul have presented words conveying more love and graciousness? I venture to assert I have never read, in the entire Scriptures, words more beautifully expressive of the grace of God than these two--"Chrestotes" and "Philanthropia," friendliness and philanthropy. They represent grace not only as procuring for us remission of sins, but as God ever present with us, embracing us in his friendship, ever ready to help us and offering to do for us according to all we desire; in short, as a good and willing friend, to whom we may look for every favor and accommodation. Picture to your imagination a sincere friend and you will have an idea of God's attitude toward you in the person of Christ, though a very imperfect representation of his superabundant grace.15. Now, if you steadfastly believe, if you rejoice in God your Lord, if you are alive and his grace satisfies, if your wants are all supplied, how will you employ yourself in this earthly life? Inactive you cannot be. Such a disposition of love toward God cannot rest. Your zeal will be warm to do everything you know will be to the praise and glory of a kind and gracious God. At this point there is no longer distinction of works. Here all commands terminate. There is neither restraint--nor compulsion, but a joyful willingness and delight in doing good, whether the intended achievement be insignificant or difficult, small or great, requiring short service or long.
    Volume VI:142-165 of The Sermons of Martin Luther
  • Questions:
    What is a grace alone?
    How is grace worked?
    How does grace work in us?
    S Grace Alone
    M God’s Divine, Unmerited Favor
    T Christ’s Saving Grace
    W Endless Riches of Grace
    Th Enabling Grace
    Research Teams
  • SA Grace Alone--charis, God’s mercy toward undeserving people; this free and undeserved favor toward sinful humanity is demonstrated in Christ’s work of redemption. It is an unearned and undeserved gift. (mercy, favor, approval, affection through grace, steadfast love, generous, compassionate)
    Eph 2:1-10 And you were dead in the trespasses and sins 2 in which you once walked, following the course of this world, following the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience— 3 among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh, carrying out the desires of the body and the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, like the rest of mankind. 4 But God, being rich in mercy, because of the great love with which he loved us, 5 even when we were dead in our trespasses, made us alive together with Christ—by grace you have been saved— 6 and raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, 7 so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.
    Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves were once foolish, disobedient, led astray, slaves to various passions and pleasures, passing our days in malice and envy, hated by others and hating one another. 4 But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, 5 he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, 6 whom he poured out on us richly through Jesus Christ our Savior, 7 so that being justified by his grace we might become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
  • M God’s Divine, Unmerited Favor
    Genesis 39:21  But the Lord was with Joseph and showed him steadfast love and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
    Exodus 3:21 And I will give this people favor in the sight of the Egyptians; and when you go, you shall not go empty,
    Exodus 11:3 And the Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover, the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants and in the sight of the people.
    Exodus 33:12 Moses said to the Lord, “See, you say to me, ‘Bring up this people,’ but you have not let me know whom you will send with me. Yet you have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found favor in my sight.’
    Exodus 34:1-9 The Lord said to Moses, “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, which you broke.  Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me on the top of the mountain.  No one shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain.”  So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone.  The Lord descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the Lord.  The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness,  keeping steadfast love for thousands,  forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation.”  And Moses quickly bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped.  And he said, “If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please let the Lord go in the midst of us, for it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for your inheritance.”
    Deuteronomy 9:5 Not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart are you going in to possess their land, but because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is driving them out from before you, and that he may confirm the word that the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.
  • M God’s Divine, Unmerited Favor cont.
    Psalm 103:10 He does not deal with us according to our sins,nor repay us according to our iniquities.
    Isaiah 49:15 “Can a woman forget her nursing child, that she should have no compassion on the son of her womb? Even these may forget, yet I will not forget you.
    Ezekiel 36:22 “Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God: It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations to which you came.
    Daniel 9:18 O my God, incline your ear and hear. Open your eyes and see our desolations, and the city that is called by your name. For we do not present our pleas before you because of our righteousness, but because of your great mercy.
    Romans 4:16 That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring—not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who shares the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all,
    Romans 9:16-18 So then it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God, who has mercy. For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, “For this very purpose I have raised you up, that I might show my power in you, and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.” So then he has mercy on whomever he wills, and he hardens whomever he wills.
    Romans 14:4 Who are you to pass judgment on the servant of another? It is before his own master  that he stands or falls. And he will be upheld, for the Lord is able to make him stand.
    1 Timothy 1:12-14 I thank him who has given me strength, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he judged me faithful, appointing me to his service,  though formerly I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent. But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, and the grace of our Lord overflowed for me with the faith and love that are in Christ Jesus.
    James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Therefore it says, “God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble.”
    1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”
  • T Christ’s Saving Grace
    John 1:17  For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
    Romans 3:24 and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,
    Romans 5:12-21  Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—  for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.  Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come. But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many.  And the free gift is not like the result of that one man's sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. For if, because of one man's trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ. Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness  leads to justification and life for all men.  For as by the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners, so by the one man's obedience the many will be made righteous.  Now the law came in to increase the trespass, but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more,  so that, as sin reigned in death, grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
    Romans 11:6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.
    Galatians 2:21  I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness were through the law, then Christ died for no purpose.
    Ephesians 1:7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,
    2 Timothy 2:1 You then, my child, be strengthened by the grace that is in Christ Jesus,
    Titus 2:11  For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people,
    Hebrews 2:9 But we see him who for a little while was made lower than the angels, namely Jesus, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone.
  • W Endless Riches of Grace
    Psalm 84:11 For the Lord God is a sun and shield; the Lord bestows favor and honor. No good thing does he withhold from those who walk uprightly.
    Isaiah 55:7 let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; let him return to the Lord, that he may have compassion on him, and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
    Ezekiel 47:1 Then he brought me back to the door of the temple, and behold, water was issuing from below the threshold of the temple toward the east (for the temple faced east). The water was flowing down from below the south end of the threshold of the temple, south of the altar.
    Hosea 6:3 Let us know; let us press on to know the Lord; his going out is sure as the dawn; he will come to us as the showers, as the spring rains that water the earth.”
    Joel 3:18 “And in that day the mountains shall drip sweet wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the streambeds of Judah shall flow with water; and a fountain shall come forth from the house of the Lord and water the Valley of Shittim.
    Zechariah 4:12 And a second time I answered and said to him, “What are these two branches of the olive trees, which are beside the two golden pipes from which the golden oil is poured out?”
    Romans 2:4 Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?
    Romans 5:2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith  into this grace in which we stand, and we  rejoice  in hope of the glory of God.
    2 Corinthians 8:9  For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich.
    Ephesians 2:7 so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
    Ephesians 3:8 To me, though I am the very least of all the saints, this grace was given, to preach to the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of Christ,
    Ephesians 4:7 But grace was given to each one of us according to the measure of Christ's gift.
    Philippians 4:19 And my God will supply every need of yours according to his riches in glory in Christ Jesus.
  • Th Enabling Grace
    Isaiah 44:4 They shall spring up among the grass like willows by flowing streams.
    Luke 10:19  Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you.
    Acts 11:23 When he came and saw the grace of God, he was glad, and he exhorted them all to remain faithful to the Lord with steadfast purpose,
    Romans 9:23  in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory—12:3-8 For by the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think with sober judgment, each according to the measure of faith that God has assigned.  For as in one body we have many members,  and the members do not all have the same function,  so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another.  Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith;  if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads,  with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.
    1 Corinthians 3:10  According to the grace of God given to me, like a skilled master builder I laid a foundation, and someone else is building upon it. Let each one take care how he builds upon it.15:10  But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace toward me was not in vain. On the contrary, I worked harder than any of them, though it was not I, but the grace of God that is with me.
    2 Corinthians 1:12 For our boast is this, the testimony of our conscience, that we behaved in the world with simplicity and godly sincerity, not by earthly wisdom but by the grace of God, and supremely so toward you.
    2 Corinthians 3:6 who has made us competent  to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. 9:8-10 And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that having all sufficiency  in all things at all times, you may abound in every good work. As it is written, “He has distributed freely, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures forever.” He who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will supply and multiply your seed for sowing and increase the harvest of your righteousness.12:9 But he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
    Ephesians 3:7 Of this gospel I was made a minister according to the gift of God's grace, which was given me by the working of his power. 4:15 Rather, speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in every way into him who is the head, into Christ 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.
    Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through him who strengthens me.
    Colossians 1:10  so as to walk in a manner worthy of the Lord, fully pleasing to him, bearing fruit in every good work and increasing in the knowledge of God.
    1 Thessalonians 3:12 may the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, as we do for you,
    1 Peter 4:10 As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, as good stewards of God's varied grace:
    1 John 3:16  By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us, and we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.
  • Questions:
    What is a grace alone?
    How is grace worked?
    How does grace work in us?
    S Grace Alone
    M God’s Divine, Unmerited Favor
    T Christ’s Saving Grace
    W Endless Riches of Grace
    Th Enabling Grace
    Conclusion
  • Closing Prayer
    Your grace is sufficient for me. Your strength is made perfect when I am weak. All that I cling to I lay at your feet. Your grace is sufficient for me.
    I'm no longer striving To merit Your love. I rest in your promise to me. All of my sins have been Washed in Your blood. Your mercy is all that I need
    You see me as righteous Because of the blood That made the atonement for me. Your mercy has triumphed where I should be judge, so now by your grace I am free.
    Thanks be to God for Your inexpressible gift!
  • The Basics:
    The Solas: Sola Fide
    (Faith Alone)
    Next Week…