The catholic reformation
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The catholic reformation

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The catholic reformation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Do Now The Catholic Church is in trouble…WHY???? What should they do about it?????
  • 2. The Catholic (or Counter) Reformation How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?
  • 3. What did the Pope change?
    • Set up stiff penalties for worldliness
    • Sought to end corruption of clergy
    • Created new schools for priests
    • Used the Council of Trent, the Inquisition, and the Jesuits
    • Ended sale of indulgences
  • 4. What did the Council of Trent decide?
    • Called by Pope to reform the Catholic Church
    • Reaffirmed Catholic view of salvation through faith and good works
  • 5. How was the Inquisition used?
    • Inquisition=Church court to stop heresies (doing or saying anything against the Catholic Church)
    • Used torture, execution, secret testimony etc.
    • Prepared Index of Forbidden Books (included the works of Luther and Calvin)
  • 6. How important were the Jesuits?
    • Jesuits=Society of Jesus
    • Founded by Ignatius of Loyola, a Spanish “knight”
    • Purpose= to defend church from heresy and spread Catholic faith
    • Believed in education, humanism, discipline, and obedience
    • Often accompanied explorers in order to convert natives
  • 7. What was the Peace of Augsburg?
    • Religious fighting had been raging in Germany
    • In 1555, Protestants and Catholics made peace
    • Established “cuius regio, eius religio” or “in the Prince’s land, the Prince’s religion”
    • 1 st time secular (worldly not religious) rulers could overrule church and 1 st example of religious freedom
  • 8. Did the Catholic Reformation succeed?
    • By late 1500’s Rome more pious (religious)
    • Piety, charity, and religious art flourished
    • Stopped Protestant tide and regained some Catholic lands
    • Catholics in the South, Protestants in the North
  • 9.