• Born October 25, 1881, in Malaga, Spain, Pablo Picasso, became one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century and the creator (with Georges Braque) of Cubism. A Spanish expatriate painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, and stage designer, Picasso was considered radical in his work. After a long prolific career, he died April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France.
• For nearly 80 of his 91 years Picasso devoted himself to an artistic production that contributed significantly to the whole development of modern art in the 20th century.
• Picassos mother was Doña Maria Picasso y Lopez and his father was Don José Ruiz Blasco, a painter and art teacher.
• "When I was a child, my mother said to me, If you become a soldier, youll be a general. If you become a monk youll end up as the pope. Instead I became a painter and wound up as Picasso."
• Picasso displayed a prodigious talent for drawing from a very young age. • According to legend, his first words were "piz, piz," his childish attempt at lápiz, the Spanish word for pencil. • By the time he was 13 years old his paintings were already better executed than his fathers.Le Picador, 1890Pablo was nine years old when he completed thispainting!
• When Picasso was fourteen years old, his family moved to Barcelona and he immediately applied to the citys prestigious School of Fine Arts.• Although the school typically only accepted students several years his senior, Picassos entrance exam was so extraordinary that the school made an exception and admitted him immediately.
• Years later, in Barcelona, he joined a crowd of artists and intellectuals who made their headquarters at a café called El Quatre Gats.• Inspired by the anarchists and radicals he met there, Picasso made his decisive break with the classical methods in which he had been trained and began a lifelong process of experimentation and innovation.
• At the turn of the twentieth century, Picasso moved to Paris, the cultural center of Europe.
• Art critics and historians typically break Picassos adult career into distinct periods. The first of these, which lasted from 1901-1904, is called his Blue Period after the color that dominated nearly all of Picassos paintings during these years.
BLUE PERIOD• Lonely and deeply depressed over the death of his close friend Carlos Casagemas, he painted scenes of poverty, isolation and anguish using almost exclusively blues and greens.• Blue dominates the paintings.• Marvelous expression of poetic subtlety• Picassos style from classicism to abstract art.
ROSE PERIOD• By 1905, Picasso had largely overcome his depression of the previous years.• The artistic manifestation of Picassos improved spirits was the introduction of warmer colors like beiges, pinks and reds in what is known as his Rose Period.
This is ahappierperiod,Picasso paintsclowns andcircus scenesusing brightercolours.Family atSaltimbanques (1905)
• In 1907, Picasso produced a painting unlike anything he or anyone else had ever painted before, a work that would profoundly influence the direction of art in the twentieth century: Les Demoiselles dAvignon, a chilling depiction of five beige figures, prostitutes, abstracted and distorted with sharp geometric features and stark blotches of blues, greens and grays.• Les Demoiselles dAvignon is considered the precursor and inspiration of Cubism, an artistic style pioneered by Picasso and Georges Braque.
Aspect 3: Black Period 1906-1907• Influenced by African art, on which he bases a series of drawings, paintings and woodcarvings
1907- Cubism• In Cubist paintings, objects are broken apart and reassembled in an abstracted form, highlighting their composite geometric shapes and depicting the object from multiple viewpoints at once to create physics-defying, collage-like effects.
CLASSIC PERIOD• Picassos works between 1918-1927 are considered his Classical Period, a brief return to realism in a career otherwise dominated by experimentation. His most interesting and important works from this period are…Three Women at the Spring (1921), Two Women Running on the Beach/The Race (1922) and The Pipes of Pan (1923).
Surrealism (expressionism)• From 1927 onward, Picasso was caught up in a new philosophical and cultural movement, Surrealism, whose artistic manifestation was an offspring of his own Cubism.• Picassos greatest surrealistic painting, one of the greatest paintings of all time, was completed in 1937, this painting is…
Guernica (1937)Picasso shows his hate of war and the bombing ofGuernica’s population during the Spanish civil war
• In this period Picasso uses deformed shapes, representing monsters and mythological figures, His sculptures were made of metallic threads and cards.
• In the aftermath of World War II, Picasso became more overtly political. He joined the Communist Party and was twice honored with the International Lenin Peace Prize, once in 1950 and again in 1961. By this point in his life, Picasso was also an international celebrity, the worlds most famous living artist.
Pablo Picasso Says..."Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up."
Upon passing a group of school kids in his old age Picassoremarked, "When I was as old as these children, I could drawlike Raphael, but it took me a lifetime to learn to draw likethem."
• The epitome of his later works is his Self Portrait Facing Death, drawn with pencil and crayon a year before he passed away.
• Picasso was an incorrigible womanizer who had countless relationships with girlfriends, mistresses, muses and prostitutes over the course of his long life.• However, he had only two wives. He married a ballerina named Olga Khokhlova in 1918, and they remained together for nine years before parting ways in 1927. He married his second wife, Jacqueline Roque, at the age of 69 in 1961.• Picasso had four children: Paul, Maya, Claude and Paloma.• He passed away on April 8, 1973 at the age of 91.
The total number of works of art he produced has been estimatedat 50,000 1,885 paintings; 1,228 sculptures; 2,880 ceramics, about12,000 drawings, many thousands of prints, and numeroustapestries and rugs!• The most expensive painting ever sold was this one by Picasso. In 2004 it was sold for• $104 million!!!!