Medical Librarianship in the Philippines: what's in store beyond the next generation?
Medical Librarianship in the Philippines What’s in store beyond the next generation? Joseph M. Yap Alma Mila D. Prosperoso De La Salle University World Health OrganizationLIS Congress 2011: Innovate. Collaborate. Revolutionize. January 15, 2011. UP NISMED.
Medical Papyrus• Kahoun Papyrus - oldest known papyrus; Amenemhat III (1840- 1792 B.C.). It consists of three sections, one dealing with human medicine, the second with veterinary science, and the third with mathematics.• The Ebers Papyrus is the longest of all the known papyri and the most important, considering the physiological and medical knowledge it reveals. It is complete in 108 pages and bears the date of the 9th year of the reign of Amenophis I (1550 B.C.). http://www.wrf.org/ancient-medicine/oldest-medical-books.php
Just a thought!• -- no malicious intent…• -- do not block websites or information in general that are of academic in nature and those that are useful for research• -- what’s important is that it is well-written, makes sense and is information- rich!
Medical books preserved in the Philippines• 1529 - Dioscorides Amazarbeus, Pedacius. De Medica Materia; De Letalibus Venenis (753 p.) “The medical matter; from a deadly poisons.” - Miguel de Benavides Library, UST.• Compilation of medical doctoral theses and speeches. 1895 – Pardo de Tavera, Trinidad Hermenigildo. Arte de cuidar enfermos. “Art of caring a sick.”
Hospitals• 1577/8: San Lazaro Hospital• 1587: San Gabriel Hospital• 1656: San Juan de Dios Hospital• 1907: Philippine General Hospital
Academe• 1871: Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, UST - 1601: San Jose College, pre-university studies where faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy was first accommodated - Hospital de San Juan de Dios• 1907: University of the Philippines College of Medicine
Trivia• What was the first college that offered dentistry? Colegio Dental del Liceo de Manila, 1798. It is now known as De Ocampo Memorial College.
Trivia• Who were the first Filipina physicians? - Dr. Honoria Acosta-Sison - Dr. Olivia Salamanca - Dr. Maria Paz Mendoza Guazon
Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera• 1899: President, Colegio Medico-Farmaceutico de Filipinas• 1923: President, Philippine Library Association.• 1923-25: Director, Philippine Library and Museum.• Taught 1 year in UST: Human physiology and private hygiene.
Historical landmarks in Philippine medicallibrarianship• Mr. Aquilino Y. Argosino, Sr. - 1937-1961 pioneered the Philippine Index Medicus. -first medical librarian from UP Manila. -first president, Phil. Medical Library Society (Aug. 31, 1956).• Prof. Rosvida R. Rosal – first MAHLAP President (1988)• Ms. Rebecca Agoncillo – Marchesseau – Filipino librarian who have worked in the World Health Organization-Head Quarters in Geneva, Switzerland. She is the second MAHLAP President.
Libraries during the Pre-Spanish era• The religious orders established schools and colleges, founded libraries and museums, and set up printing presses. They also built hospitals, asylums, and orphanages to take care of the sick and needy
What are medical libraries? Definition by wikipedia A health or medical library is designed to assist physicians, health professionals, students, patients, consumers and medical researchers in finding health and scientific information to improve, update, assess or evaluate health care. Medical libraries are typically found in hospital, medical schools, private industry and in medical or health associations.
What skills do medical and health librarians have? A study conducted in the US in the early 90s by Roper and Mayfield listed the following skills as important that medical and health librarians should have: • Oral and written communications • Computer database searching • Networking/telecommunications • Ability to work in teams • Knowledge of health practitioners needs • Developing services to meet needs • Common sense
• Willingness to learn• Flexibility• Personnel Management• Retrieval techniques• Health sciences information sources• Computer software Reference: Roper FW, Mayfield MK. Surveying knowledge and skills in the health sciences: results and implications. Bull Med Libr Assoc 1993 Oct; 81(4): 396-407
How to become successful health andmedical librarians:• Knowledge on how to access reliable information sources in health and biomedical field• Ability to assess conflicting and non-conflicting information• Train in reviewing published and evidence based researches• Ability to determine sources of information specifically according to their format, relevance and authority
What is the role of medical and healthlibrarians in healthcare and research?• Provides information to doctors/clinicians to support the treatment or diagnosis of patients;• Assist in the prevention of errors in medication;• Assist in relevant literature searches for research studies;• Contributes to best practices ideals of the hospital or clinics by training end users (e.g. how to access the right databases);• Assist in the development of networks and databases; and• Assist external users (patients and their families) on their health information needs
The emerging role of medical and health scienceslibrarians in the 21st century can be attributed to: • Technological development (electronic and digital libraries • Creation of medical and health databases • Telemedicine
What are the opportunities that awaitmedical and health sciences librarians? • Employment opportunities to the following: 1. Academic institutions that offers paramedical and allied health courses (e.g. nursing, dentistry) 2. Schools of medicine 3. Hospitals and clinical care facilities 4. Pharmaceutical companies 5. Health insurance companies 6. Indexing and abstracting services 7. Health organizations (national and international)
• Competitive salaries, and health care package as a result of employment to high end industries such as pharmaceutical and research facilities.• More opportunity for professional advancement and continuing education as medicine is a limitless and diverse field.
Collaborate• Health Action Information Network (HAIN)• Health Research and Development Information Network (HERDIN)• Nutrition Research Information Network (NUTRINET)• Science and Technology Information Network of the Philippines (ScINET-PHIL)• Proposed MAHLAPNET• World Health Organization’s Global Health Library (WPRIM / HINARI)
Revolutionize Ebooks for iPads (through iBooks) Android phone
PubMed On Tap • an application for your iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad that lets you search PubMed while on the go.http://imposedblog.wordpress.com/2010/09/06/library-comic-bizarro/
Mobile Friendly Medical Websites• The Best Android Apps for Doctors, Nurses and Health Care Professionals -LSUHSC-S Medical Library• The Yale Medicine Thesis Digital Library Project
MAHLAP Congress• 23rd MAHLAP Congress, Silliman University, Dumaguete City, Negros Oriental, March 2-4, 2011.• Theme: UNDERSTANDING ACCREDITATION STANDARDS AS A MEANS FOR IMPROVEMENT AND EXCELLENCE www.mahlap.org
References• Dayrit, C., Santos-Ocampo, P. & Dela Cruz, E. (2002). History of Philippine medicine 1899-1999.• Miguel de Benavides Library, UST (2008). First International Conference on the history of medicine in the Philippines.• Photo credits: internet! ☺
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! Joseph M. Yap firstname.lastname@example.org Alma Mila D. Prosperoso email@example.com