Cyberbullying Bullying Goes High Tech Jim Masucci November 10, 2010 “ It’s one thing when you get made fun of at school, but to be bullied in your own home, via your computer, is a disgusting thing for people to do.” Sixteen year old from Alabama
What is Cyberbullying?
Being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using technological means
An individual or group that uses
information and communication involving
electronic technologies to facilitate
deliberate and repeated harassment or
threats to an individual or group.
Also known as:
‘ Electronic Bullying’ &
‘ Online Social Cruelty’
Tools for Cyberbullying
Cell Phones – calls or messages
Defamatory Web Sites (Polling)
The Internet has become a way of life for most teens, and an easy tool for harassing others.
91% of 12 – 15 year olds use the Internet
99% of teens 16 – 18 use the Internet
Available 24 hrs/day, 7 days/wk
Victim is a perpetual target
Why Cyberbullying? (cont)
Traditional bullying – the bully is usually stronger than his or her victim either physically or socially. Usually occurs in the school setting (classroom, playground, or bus).
Cyberbullying - Internet tends to level the playing field, affording less dominant teens the means they need to bully others. Sometimes used in revenge for traditional bullying.
How Big a Problem Is It?
42% of teens surveyed admitted to being bullied on-line
35% claim to have been threatened.
53% confessed to having said something mean or hurtful on-line. (I-Safe 2007)
More girls than boys are cyberbullied.
For teens that are regular visitors to social networking sites, the chances of them being cyberbullied goes up.
Only 15% of parents knew what cyberbullying was
Types of Cyberbullies
Avenging Angel - use technical means to get back at someone who has been bullying them, or one of their friends.
Power Hungry - Closest to traditional school yard bully. Tends to feel superior, and exerts his or her strengths over the victim.
Types of Cyberbullies (cont.)
Mean Girls - Work in groups, and need an audience to play to. The group tends to approve of the actions, or do nothing about them.
Inadvertent Bully – Probably don’t even realize they are doing something wrong. Ex : passing on gossip or pictures or answering polls.
Forms of Cyberbullying
Flaming – Saying mean or hurtful things
Harassment and cyberstalking - repeated actions such as sending messages, or threats to a victim.
Denigration – putting someone down
Outing – spreading secret or embarrassing information or pictures
Exclusion - intentionally excluding a person by leaving them off of the list.
Impersonation – pretending to be someone else
Cyberbullying – It’s Illegal
All of the following forms of cyberbulling can lead to arrest & prosecution:
Making threats of violence to people or their property
Making obscene or harassing phone calls
Harassment or stalking
Hate or bias crimes
Creating or sending sexually explicit images of teens
Posting real or doctored photos of someone without their permission
Taking a photo of someone in place where privacy expected
Impacts of Cyberbullying
Feelings of guilt or self blame
Poor performance in school
Violence against tormentors. Victims are 8X more likely to bring a weapon to school
What Should You Do? Teens
Do not respond in a similar manner. Block the screen names if possible.
Do not forward anything
Do not delete messages
Consult an adult
Safeguard user ID’s and passwords.
“ A password is like a tooth brush. Choose a good one, and don’t share it.” (Yahoo Security Center)
What Should You Do? Parents
Take the situation seriously, and be supportive.
Don’t blame the victim.
Increase tech awareness.
Monitor computer use. (Software & placement of computer)
Contact ISP and cell phone provider. Contact law enforcement, if threatened.
What Should You Do? Teachers and Schools
If the incident occurs during school, investigate and respond.
Respond if the incident causes disruptions.
Provide counseling to the perpetrators and the victims
Develop anti-bulllying programs to educate students
Teach Our Children
All actions have consequences
Cyber bullying hurts
They are just being used and manipulated by cyber bully
Cyber bully and accomplices often become the target of cyber bullying themselves
Care about others and stand up for what’s right
Legal Issues for Schools
Privacy Issue – Does a school have the right to search a student’s computer for evidence.
Free Speech Issue – Does the school have the right to discipline a student for remarks published on the Internet during non-school hours.
Sending sexually suggestive messages or images to others via cell phone, or posting them on social websites.
Surveys of teenagers :
- 20 percent have sent or posted picture of themselves
- 40 percent of teenagers have sent sexually suggestive messages.
- More girls than boys
Technology is much more far-reaching and permanent, and teenagers are not consequential thinkers . . . They are pushing boundaries around sexuality .