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Introduction to "Origins, Evolution & Creation" Introduction to "Origins, Evolution & Creation" Presentation Transcript

  • BIO 344 / HPS 311 No overrides are available for this course.
  • Philosophical or Methodological Naturalism
  • SCIENTISTS WHO DISSENT FROM NEWTONIANISM “We are skeptical of claims for the ability of the action of an invisible force operating at a distance to account for dynamics. Careful examination of the evidence for the Newtonian Theory should be encouraged.” Center for the Renewal of Physics and Culture
  • SCIENTISTS WHO DISSENT FROM NEWTONIANISM Biology Chemistry Medicine Math Geology Psychology Other Center for Renewal of Physics and Culture
  • 12% 31% 4% Objects fall due to gravity No Opinion / Other Objects are pulled down by God God created gravity to pull down objects 53%
  • ISAAC NEWTON Heretic! Never married! Confessed to “Threatening [his] father and mother Smith to burn them and the house over them.” Crushed Leibniz! Reductionist! Was wrong!
  • PROMINENT NEWTONIST
  • PROMINENT NEWTONIST
  • “We are skeptical of claims for the ability of the action of an invisible force operating at a distance to account for dynamics. Careful examination of the evidence for the Newtonian Theory should be encouraged.” Biology Chemistry Medicine Math Geology Psychology Other Center for Renewal of Physics and Culture
  • Philosophical or Methodological Naturalism
  • SCIENTISTS WHO DISSENT FROM DARWINISM “We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged.” Center for the Renewal of Science and Culture
  • AMERICAN VIEWS OF HUMAN ORIGINS Other/Don’t know God created humans in their present form God created human by guiding evolution Humans evolved from non-human ancestors Gallup, 2007
  • CHARLES DARWIN Heretic! Confessed to torturing a puppy when a child! Enjoyed shooting birds! Crushed Wallace! Reductionist! Was wrong!
  • PROMINENT DARWINIST
  • PROMINENT DARWINIST
  • DO YOU THINK THAT DARWIN’S THEORY OF EVOLUTION IS ... 1% 29% 35% Suported by evidence Not supported by evidence Don’t know enough No Opinion 35% Gallup 11/19/04
  • AMERICAN VIEWS OF HUMAN ORIGINS Other/Don’t know God created humans in their present form God created human by guiding evolution Humans evolved from non-human ancestors
  • • Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process. [Indicator of a form of Theistic Evolution] • Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God had no part in the process. [Indicator of a form of Naturalistic Evolution] • God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years. [Indicator of Young Earth Creationism]
  • Flat Earthers Geocentrists Young Earth Creationists What about Old Earth Creationists Intelligent Design? Evolutionary Creationists Theistic Evolutionists Naturalistic Evolutionists
  • ANTI-EVOLUTIONARY ACTIVITY 2000 - 2009
  • 2010 • Mississippi HB 586: Lessons on human evolution “shall have proportionately equal instruction from educational materials that present scientifically sound arguments by protagonists and antagonists of the theory of evolution.” • Missouri 1651: “teachers shall be permitted to help students understand, analyze, critique, and review in an objective manner the scientific strengths and scientific weaknesses of the theory of biological ... evolution.”
  • YEC ORGANIZATIONS • Centerfor Scientific • International Baptist College Creationism (Phoenix) (Tempe) • CreationResearch Society • Southwestern College Van Andel Creation Research (Phoenix) Center (Chino Valley) • American Indian College of • Creation, Evolution and the Assemblies of God Science Ministries (Flagstaff) (Phoenix)
  • PROPOSED CHANGES TO K-12 SCIENCE STANDARDS (2004) “Describe how scientists continue to investigate and critically analyze aspects of evolutionary theory.”
  • LETTER TO AZ REPUBLIC “The theory of evolution is just that - an unproven theory. And believe me, if the secular left could prove evolution it would have the Supreme Court strike the word theory from every textbook in America. Face the facts: Evolution will never be more than a theory because every cockeyed explanation they come up with can be shot full of holes. None of their fuzzy premises can stand on their own, and they know it.”
  • SUPPORT FOR EVOLUTION Less that national average Greater than national average Postgraduate education (65) Near weekly church (35) Liberal (56) 30 - 49 years old (34) College graduate (52) Some college (32) West (47) Women (30) Seldom attend church (46) Republican (29) Catholic (46) Midwest (29) 50 - 64 years old (44) Protestant (28) Male (42) South (27) 18 - 29 years old (41) Conservative (26) Independent (40) Weekly church attendance (22) Democrat (38) 65+ years old (21) Moderate (36) High school or less (20) Source: Gallup Poll 11/19/04
  • EVOLUTION ... … is inherently anti-Christian. … has been used to legitimize homosexual “marriage.” … leads to judicial tyranny. … promotes immorality. … leads to suicide. … gives glory to man, not God. … corrupts education. … attacks Biblical Christianity. … fosters unbelief. … attacks the Bible and the Ten Commandments. … undermines America’s Christian foundation. … breeds intolerance toward Christians. … breeds cults. … promotes a false religion. … fuels the church-state debacle. D. James Kennedy
  • “America’s moral decline is a product of the Darwinian worldview - which, in turn, is a revival of ancient materialist philosophy.” Nancy Pearcy, Discovery Institute
  • Darwinian evolution pretends to be modern empirical science, but it is merely the latest manifestation of an ancient materialistic philosophy. … If you thought that the present controversy over evolution and intelligent design was a localized dispute about science education, think again. At stake is nothing less than the future of our civilization. Jonathan Wells, Discovery Institute
  • THE CLASS
  • NATURE OF SCIENCE & RELIGION
  • HISTORY OF IDEAS ON CREATION & EVOLUTION
  • NATURAL THEOLOGY “Intelligent Design”
  • DARWIN’S IDEAS Natural Selection & Common Descent Evolution of Complex Organs
  • RISE AND FALL OF YEC Biblical Literalism and Legal Action
  • RISE (AND FALL?) OF ID Intelligent Design as “evolved” creationism
  • CREATIONIST HISTORY
  • ASSIGNMENTS 65% of grade by MT Start as you mean to finish • Two examinations, 60% • Three response pieces (750 - 1000 words), 30% • Two reflective pieces (500 words minimum), 10% • Honors enrichment available (e-mail by Friday)
  • 16% 2% 7% 6% A+ A 9% A- B+ 15% B B- C+ 16% C D/E 17% 11% Since 2006, n = 386
  • FIRST REFLECTIVE PIECE Which of the following positions best capture your view regarding the origin and development of humankind: Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God guided this process. Human beings have developed over millions of years from less advanced forms of life, but God had no part in the process. God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years. Why do you adopt the view that you do? At least 500 words due beginning of class, Wednesday 27th