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Modernism And Post Modernism
 

Modernism And Post Modernism

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    Modernism And Post Modernism Modernism And Post Modernism Presentation Transcript

    • The Birth of Modernism, Jugendstil, and Expressionism
      Joanna Nixon
    • A. E. G. High Tension Factory
      • Peter Behrens - 1910
      • Early Modern Style
      • Built toward the growing industrial industry, the building gives “architectural dignity” to a workplace by adding a monumental glass and iron frame over the building with the help of trusses.
      http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/AEG_by_Peter_Behrens.jpg/800px-AEG_by_Peter_Behrens.jpg
    • HackescheHöfe
      Kurt Berndt and August Endell - 1906
      Jugendstil (art nouveau in German-speaking countries)
      Eight courtyards built to originally built to bring together residential (officers and workers), commercial (multi-story factories), and cultural spaces (ballroom)
      © Joanna Nixon, 2010
      © Joanna Nixon, 2010
    • Bröhan‐Museum
      Houses Art Nouveau, Art Deco and Functionalism
      Founded by Karl H. Bröhan
      Arranged for presentation – goes through the Art Nouveau period through Art Deco and Functionalism by way of pieces of glass, ceramics, porcelain, silver, and metal work in combination with furniture, carpets, and lighting
      Houses French and Belgian as well as German and Scandinavian Art Nouveau
      Metal and glass early industrial design
      © Joanna Nixon, 2010
    • Einsteinturm
      Erich Mendelsohn - 1919
      1919
      Tower is the main example for architectural expressionism with its fluid and progressive form that connected science and art
      Comes from the “mystique around Einstein’s universe” – Erich Mendelsohn
      Einstein was not impressed
      Used as a solar observatory until WWII to support/refute Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity
      http://www.aip.de/image_archive/images/einsteinturm_7443_xl.jpg
    • Kunstgewerbemuseum
      One site is at KulturforumPotsdamerPlatz, designed by Rolf Gutbrod and built up in the 1980’s
      The other site is at Köpenick Palace, which was built between 1677 and 1689 in Baroque style
      Art from the Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo styles are displayed here
      http://www.berlin.de/orte/museum/kunstgewerbemuseum/11_Kunstgewerbemuseum_360_270.jpg
    • Works Cited
      • http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/A._E._G._High_Tension_Fac.html
      • http://www.german-architecture.info/BER-001.htm
      • http://www.aviewoncities.com/berlin/hackeschehofe.htm
      • http://www.berlin.de/stadttouren/360/hackesche_hoefe/index.en.php
      • http://www.broehan-museum.de/en_museum.html
      • http://www.broehan-museum.de/infoseiten/a_en_artdeco.html
      • http://www.aip.de/einsteinturm/
      • http://atlasobscura.com/places/einsteinturm-0
      • http://www.smb.spk-berlin.de/smb/sammlungen/details.php?lang=en&objID=7
      • http://www.smb.museum/smb/standorte/index.php?lang=en&p=2&objID=6369&n=2&r=1
      • http://www.smb.spk-berlin.de/smb/sammlungen/details.php?lang=en&objID=18812
      • http://www.smb.spk-berlin.de/smb/kalender/details.php?objID=17482&lang=en&typeId=10
      • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/faience+
    • The Bauhaus and International Style
      Ricky Mastropole
    • NeueNationalgalerie(New National Gallery)
      Architect
      Mies van derRohe and it was opened in 1968
      The NeueNationalgalerie was opened in 1968 as the counterpart to the Nationalgalerie located on the Museumsinsel Berlin (Museums Island Berlin) in the eastern part of the city. As part of the Reunification, a collection of 20th century art is now located in the spectacular building
    • New National Gallery
      the NeueNationalgalerie is considered one of the foremost examples of modernist structural abstraction.
      Considered one of the most perfect statements of his architectural approach, the upper pavilion is a precise composition of monumental steel columns and a cantilevered (overhanging) roof plane with a glass enclosure. The simple square glass pavilion is a powerful expression of his ideas about flexible interior space, defined by transparent walls and supported by an external structural frame. The glass pavilion is a relatively small portion of the overall building, serving as a symbolic architectural entry point and monumental gallery for larger scale art. A large podium building below the pavilion accommodates most of the buildings actual built area in more functional spaces for galleries, support and utilitarian rooms.
    • The Bauhaus
      Founded by Walter Gropius who was an architect, but nothing seems to say whether or not he actually designed the building
      Although neither the Nazi Party nor Hitler himself had a cohesive architectural policy before they came to power in 1933, Nazi writers like Wilhelm Frick and Alfred Rosenberg had already labeled the Bauhaus "un-German" and criticized its modernist styles, deliberately generating public controversy over issues like flat roofs. Increasingly through the early 1930s, they characterized the Bauhaus as a front for communists and social liberals. Indeed, a number of communist students loyal to Meyer moved to the Soviet Union when he was fired in 1930.
      • Even before the Nazis came to power, political pressure on Bauhaus had increased. But the Nazi regime was determined to crack down on what it saw as the foreign, probably Jewish influences of "cosmopolitan modernism." Despite Gropius's protestations that as a war veteran and a patriot his work had no subversive political intent, the Berlin Bauhaus was pressured to close in April 1933.
      • However, the most important influence on Bauhaus was modernism, a cultural movement whose origins lay as far back as the 1880s, and which had already made its presence felt in Germany  before the World War, despite the prevailing conservatism. The design innovations commonly associated with Gropius and the Bauhaus—the radically simplified forms, the rationality and functionality, and the idea that mass-production was reconcilable with the individual artistic spirit—were already partly developed in Germany before the Bauhaus was founded. 
    • Unite d'Habitation
      • Le Corbusier 1952
      • The giant, twelve-story apartment block for 1.600 people is the late modern counterpart of the mass housing schemes of the 1920s, similarly built to alleviate a severe postwar housing shortage.
      • The Marseille unitéd'habitation brings together Le Corbusier's vision for communal living with the needs and realities of post-war France. Up to 1600 people live in a single-slab 'vertical village', complete with an internal shopping street halfway up, a recreation ground and children's' nursery on the roof, and a generous surrounding area of park land made possible by the density of the accommodation in the slab itself
      • The Unité introduced the world to raw concrete - béton brut - with its texture defined by the wooden planks shaping it when it was poured. This unwitting prototype for the New Brutalism to follow came from necessity: not only was there insufficient steel in post-war France for a steel construction, but there was insufficient skilled labor for consistent, precise construction.
    • Berlin Philharmonic Concert Hall
      • Hans Scharoun1960-1963
      • Lotteries were held to help raise money for the build of the concert hall
      • an asymmetric structure with a tent-like concrete roof, whose exterior exactly reflects the functional design of the interior. 
      • It is a singular building, asymmetrical and tentlike, with a main concert hall in the form of a pentagon. The seating offers excellent positions from which to view the stage through the irregularly increasing height of the benches. The stage is at the center of the hall, providing an extraordinary atmosphere for both the artists and the viewers. The acoustics are excellent
    • Postmodernism II
      By Clayton Price
    • PotsdamerPlatz
      Postmodernism uses a lot of glass
      Makes the buildings seem more impressive
      Many times the buildings are very large.
    • PotsdamerPlatz
      This is a glass dome above the common grounds of the sony center
      It is 100m across and is very tall
    • Galeries Lafayette
      This shopping center is made of glass and is a spectacle to see
      This is among the fanciest shopping street in Berlin, fitting in with many modern buildings
    • Sony Center
      The Sony center that has housing for the DB bank
      It is a 26 story building with the exterior covered in glass
    • Post-Modernism in Berlin
      John Taylor
    • Berlin Hauptbanhof
      Main Train station of Berlin
      Main railway station in Berlin
      Europe's largest two-level railway
      Located on Historic LehrterBahnhof
      Opened in 2006
      Designed by Gerken, Marg and Partners
    • Bundeskanzleramt
      Home to the Executive Branch of the German Government and its Chancellor
      Designed by Wayss and Freytag
      Completed in 2001
    • Reichstag Dome and Building
      Designed by Norman Foster
      Completed in 1999
      Provides a 360 degree view of Berlin Cityscape
    • German History Museum
      Designed by I. M. Pei
      Completed in 2004
    • Dutch Embassy
      Designed by RemKoolhaas
      Finished in 2003
    • Scandinavian Embassy
      Copper llamellas
      Designed by Berger + Parkkinen