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Speech writing introduction and conclusion

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  • Thanks for the great ideas. It will help our newly-hired heads and supervisors who will be asked to to speak from time to time.
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  • 1. Introduction and Conclusion
  • 2. Develop your Purpose Determine your REASON for speaking:  General purposes: inform, persuade, entertain  Specific purpose: Complete sentence that begins with “After listening to my speech, my audience will….” If you don’t know your purpose, DON’T start writing your speech yet!
  • 3. Writing a Specific Purpose Statement  To Inform To Persuade When writing your specific  When writing your specific purpose statement for an purpose statement for an Informative Speech, use Persuasive Speech, use action descriptive verbs. verbs. For example, “After listening to my speech, my audience  For example, “After listening to will… my speech, my audience will…  Know more about..”  Believe that___ is wrong.”  Understand the differences…”  Agree to ____.”  Recognize the benefits…”  Change their minds about ___”  Go____”
  • 4. Writing the Speech: Three basic elements IntroductionBodyConclusion
  • 5. Introduction  Four basic functions:  Refer to the audience, occasion , something  Get audience attention familiar  Cite a startling fact or opinion  Ask a yes/no, raise-your- hand, or rhetorical question  Tell a brief story  Use a quote  Tell a relevant joke
  • 6. Introduction  Four basic functions:  Your thesis is one sentence that tells your  Get audience attention audience what the entire  State your thesis or speech is about. proposition  It is NOT an English paper thesis. Be direct.  A proposition is used in a persuasive speech. It states your POSITION on the topic, as well as what you hope to accomplish with the speech.
  • 7. Introduction  Four basic functions:  Why are you an  Get audience attention authority on the topic?  State your thesis or  Why did you choose proposition this topic?  Establish your  State if you have credibility experience with the topic or if you have done research.
  • 8. Introduction  Four basic functions:  Directly state or list the  Get audience attention 3-5 main points  State your thesis or BRIEFLY that you plan proposition to make.  Establish your  This should be a clear credibility list.  Preview your main  It should correspond points exactly with your main points.
  • 9. Example:  General Purpose: To Inform Specific Purpose: By the end of my speech, my audience will know how to manage their school, work , and personal time effectively. (NOTE: I wouldn’t SAY either the general or specific purpose, I would just start my speech at my attention getter.) Attention getter: How many people in here have a hard time balancing school work, working, family, and personal time? Thesis: For many of you in here, time management can be a major struggle, but it doesn’t have to be. Credibility: I’ve been effectively using time management strategies for years now, and it has made my life much easier to balance. Preview: First, I’ll discuss how to manage your school time, then work time, and lastly family and personal time.
  • 10. Remember!  Practice your introduction many times! It should set the tone for your entire speech so it should be enthusiastic and fluent. Also, it should be NO LONGER than 30-45 seconds in your informative and persuasive speeches (and only about 20-30 seconds in your Artifact speech).
  • 11. Conclusion  Transition over completely to conclusion  “So as you can see…” or “To conclude…” Then SUMMARIZE THE POINTS AGAIN.  “First I told you about (point 1), then I discussed (point 2) and lastly, I explained (point 3).” In persuasive speaking only, Call to Action is here  Call to Action is your last chance to motivate your audience to believe/do what you spoke to them about. End with a memorable thought
  • 12. Tips for an Effective Conclusion  Do not end abruptly Don’t ramble Don’t introduce new points Don’t apologize DON’T say “That’s it” or “I guess that’s my speech” or “That’s all I’ve got—thanks.”

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