Home Front America 2

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Home Front America 2

  1. 1. Home Front Notes<br />World War 2<br />
  2. 2. Federal Government Takes Control of Economy:<br />
  3. 3. How to Pay for War?<br />Tax System overhauled <br />Revenue Act of 1942<br />Brackets on wealthiest went up to 90%<br />Additional brackets for lower and middle income levels<br />50 million people eligible to pay<br />Withholding system implemented<br />Meaning?<br />Comprised approximately 41% of war funds<br />
  4. 4. Government Reminders<br />
  5. 5. Department of Treasury <br />Issued war bonds to raise money for the war effort and to fight inflation<br />a.k.a. liberty bonds<br />8 major drives lasting 4-7 weeks<br />Celebrities used in fund raising campaigns<br />
  6. 6. Hollywood Goes to War<br />
  7. 7. Liberty Bonds<br />Payroll savings plan allowed you to have money deducted from pay check and converted in bonds<br />Comprised approximately 33% of war funds<br />
  8. 8. Government Reminders<br />
  9. 9. Deficit Spending <br />Must spend money we don’t have<br />National debt takes off from $42 billion to $279 billion<br />Comprised approximately 25% of war funds<br />
  10. 10. Office of Price Administration(O.P.A.)<br />Fought inflation by freezing wages, and prices<br />Set ceiling prices: maximum that can be charged on rent<br />Rationed foods such as meats, butter, cheese, vegetables, sugar and coffee<br />
  11. 11. ''Use it Up, Wear it Out, Make it Do and Do Without."<br />
  12. 12. Rationing Books<br />Issued to all Americans<br />Could only purchase rationed items with stamps and cash<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Educating on Rationing Books<br />
  15. 15. What Could You Get?<br />Based on point system<br />Blue Stamps: canned foods (48pts mo.)<br />Red Stamps: meat, fish, dairy (64 pts mo.)<br />2 lbs. Fruit/vegetables per person/month<br />1.5 lbs Meat per person/month<br />4 oz. Cheese per person/month<br />
  16. 16. Was it Effective?<br /><ul><li>Still, some people chose to hoard items and/or sell items/stamps illegally
  17. 17. This was viewed as unpatriotic
  18. 18. Overall…Yes</li></li></ul><li>
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Fuel Rationing<br />Gas was determined by the sticker <br />Most people received “A” 3gallons/wk<br />Vital services received “C” unlimited<br />
  21. 21. Cut Down on Trips<br />
  22. 22. Speed Reduction<br />
  23. 23. Ordinary Citizens Pitching In<br />
  24. 24. War Production Board (W.P.B.)<br />Rationed fuel and materials vital to the war effort such as: gasoline, heating oil, metal, rubber, and plastics<br />Oversaw conversion of factories from consumer to war production<br />Encouraged use of women and Blacks<br />e.g. car factory=>tank factory <br />        fridge makers=>munitions (bombs/bullets)<br />
  25. 25. Ford’s Conversion in Ypsilanti<br /><ul><li>Produced 1 per hour at their peak</li></li></ul><li>
  26. 26. Rosie the Riveter<br />Women filled jobs in factories<br />38% of labor force by 1945<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. What problems did women face entering the workforce?(Swing Shift clips)<br />
  29. 29. Propaganda <br />Government endorsed effort to deliberately manipulate your thoughts and actions<br />Why are cartoons widely used?<br />
  30. 30. Private SNAFU-Rumors<br />
  31. 31. Private SNAFU-Spies<br />
  32. 32. Popeye-Spinach for Britain<br />
  33. 33. Ducktators Cartoon<br />

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