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Cowboys

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  • 1. Cowboys
  • 2. The Cattle Industry on the Great Plains
    Answer Questions 1 – 7
    Find Out About Early Developments:
    • Where did American cowboys come from?
    • 3. Who became cowboys?
  • Video 1 cowboys
  • 4.
  • 5.
  • 6. Slow Development
    Slow and small scale from end of Mexican-American War until Civil War (1861-1865) ends
    War cuts off market in East
    Texas Longhorns roamed freely and numbers grew; shot as game animals
  • 7. Ex-Confederate soldiers and Ex-slaves sought jobs
    Demand for meat increased in East as economy took off
    Cattle ranchers began increasing operations
    Post Civil War
  • 8. Plains Indians
    U.S. Cavalry set up Forts (Fort Laramie, Fort Buford etc.) in West to protect settlers
    Threat of Indian attacks was reduced as reservations were established
    Cattle industry secured huge contracts to supply army with food
    By 1870 the US Army was buying between 60 and 70,000 head of cattle a year to feed the Indians and its own soldiers
  • 9. Joseph McCoy
    Solved problem of moving the cattle from Texas to cities of the East.
    Post-Civil War boom in railroad construction connects east and west
    Starting in 1867 cattle are loaded onto train cars in Abilene, Kansas and shipped back east…soon other towns begin to compete
    Cattle worth less than $5 in Texas might fetch $30 in Kansas
  • 10.
  • 11. Cattle needed to be driven in large numbers from Texas to railheads in Kansas
    Trails utilized to drive cattle herds to market
    Large scale operation required several cowboys working ‘round the clock
    Cowboys, what good are they?
  • 12. Answer Questions 8-11
    Find out about:
    How did a trail drive operate?
  • 13.
  • 14. What do I do?
    Trail Boss: Best Paid, Worked for same ranch, scouted for water and trouble, negotiated price
    Point: Veterans who rode at front and “drove” herd
    Swing/Flank: Kept herd together, “cut out” sick animals
    Drag: Kept stragglers moving
    Wrangler: Controlled Remuda (extra horses)
    Chuck Wagon: Driven by cook, carried food and supplies
  • 15. Answer Questions 12-15
    Find out about:
    What happened in Abilene?
    Why the “golden age” of cowboys ended?
  • 16. Video 4 cowboys
  • 17. Joseph Glidden
    1874 Invents barbed wire
    Made fences possible for most homesteaders
    Was his invention a good thing?
  • 18. Mistaken Identity?
    Reality
    Myths
    Lonesome Figure
    Romantic/Heroic Savior
    Gun Play Common
    • Worked in Groups
    • 19. Busy Performing Rigorous Job
    • 20. Rarely Used Guns
    Where do these false ideas of cowboys come from?
  • 21. 1. ______________________
    2. ______________________
    3. ______________________
    4. ______________________
    5. ______________________
    6. ______________________
    7. ______________________
    8. ______________________
    9. ______________________
    10. ______________________
    11. ______________________
    12. ______________________
    13. ______________________
    14. ______________________
    15. ______________________
    16. ______________________
    17. ______________________
    18. ______________________
    Name __________________________________________ Hour ____
    16*
    10*
    7
    3
    13*
    6
    18
    11*
    14*
    2
    17
    15*
    5
    9*
    1
    12*
    8
    4
    Directions: Use the legend below to help identify the locations numbered 1-18. Write your answer on the space provided to the right
    Number by itself is a state
    Number with * is a state capital
    Number in a triangle is a mountain range
  • 22. 36. ______________________
    37. ______________________
    38. ______________________
    39. ______________________
    40. ______________________
    41. ______________________
    42. ______________________
    43. ______________________
    44. ______________________
    45. ______________________
    46. ______________________
    47. ______________________
    48. ______________________
    49. ______________________
    50. ______________________
    XC1. _____________________
    XC2. _____________________
    XC3. _____________________
    Name __________________________________________ Hour ____
    36
    44*
    37*
    XC3
    45
    49*
    40
    XC2
    42
    39*
    XC1
    50
    38*
    43
    46
    48
    41*
    Directions: Use the legend below to help identify the locations numbered 36-XC3. Write your answer on the space provided to the right
    Number by itself is a state
    Number with * is a state capital
    47
  • 23. Name __________________________________________ Hour ____
    13*
    8
    7
    5
    10
    1. ______________________
    2. ______________________
    3. ______________________
    4. ______________________
    5. ______________________
    6. ______________________
    7. ______________________
    8. ______________________
    9. ______________________
    10. ______________________
    11. ______________________
    12. ______________________
    13. ______________________
    14. ______________________
    15. ______________________
    16. ______________________
    17. ______________________
    18. ______________________
    19. ______________________
    20. ______________________
    12*
    1
    9
    16*
    17*
    19*
    18*
    14*
    20*
    2
    6
    4
    15*
    3
    11*