3. What is Impeachment? <ul><li>To formally accuse a federal official (judge, president, vice-president) of a crime </li></ul>
4. The Process Begins The House of Representatives investigates to find if an impeachable crime has occurred
5. Article 2, Section 4: Impeachable Offenses High crimes and misdemeanors Examples--Treason, Abuse of Power, Perjury, Witness/Evidence Tampering
6. Vote needed to impeach? Answer: Majority
7. Why is it easy to impeach a President from the opposite political party?
8. Two Options Not enough evidence Enough Evidence
9. Charges are brought and the Case Heads to the Senate for the Trial
10. The Trial <ul><li>To determine guilt and innocence </li></ul><ul><li>Punishment: Removal from office </li></ul>
11. Checks and Balance Supreme Court Chief Justice presides over the trial Chief Justice William Rehnquist presided over the Clinton Trial
12. The Process <ul><li>Similar to a criminal trial </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers argue sides/ present evidence/call witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Senate is the Jury </li></ul>Conviction requires a 2/3 vote
13. Case Studies: Close Calls <ul><li>Andrew Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Clinton </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Nixon- Break down of the system??? </li></ul>
14. Quick Review Who Impeaches? Who determines guilt/innocence? Who acts as the judge? Vote needed to impeach? Vote needed to convict? Has a president ever been impeached? Has a president ever been convicted?
15. Presidential Succession Laws: 25th Amendment and Presidential Succession Act of 1947
16. If the President should die, be impeached, or resign while in office...
17. If the Vice-President should die, be impeached, or resign while in office...
18. Presidential Succession: If the President and Vice President should die, be impeached, or resign while in office... Chester Arthur Calvin Coolidge Millard Fillmore Gerald Ford * Andrew Johnson Lyndon Johnson Theodore Roosevelt Harry Truman John Tyler