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The World After The Cold War
 

The World After The Cold War

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    The World After The Cold War The World After The Cold War Presentation Transcript

    • The World After the Cold War
      • Russian Break Up
      • Colonies around the World
      • Formation of Israel
    • Review Questions
      • Who was Khrushchev?
      • What were some problems faced in African independent movement?
      • What were some problems faced by Southeast Asian independence?
      • List at least three things you know about the creation of Israel and its relationship with Palestinians today.
    • Palestine and Israel
      • 3,000 years of conflict over the area of the world that is now Israel
      • What is the definition of Zionist?
        • People who favor a Jewish national homeland in Palestine
      • Britain asked to watch over Palestine after WWI to get it ready for independence
    • British Uneasiness
      • The Palestinians fear the growing number of Jewish individuals living in the area
      • The Jewish people ask for their own nation in the same territory
      • Britain does not believe the two groups can live together peacefully and do not want to lose support of either side
      • Britain calls for a partition of the country to ensure peace
    • United Nations Gets Involved
      • After WWII Britain turns over the issue to the United Nations
      • The United Nations recommends partition on the state
        • Jewish State and Palestinian State
        • Jerusalem to be an international city owned by both
      • All Arab States vote against the proposal but still passes the UN General Assembly
      • Israel officially created on May 14, 1948
    • Conflicts in the Middle East
      • From the beginning the nation of Israel has been faced with conflicts with its Arab neighbors
      • Day after its creation Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria invade the country
        • Strong American support allows Israel to win within months
    • Israel Seizes Palestine
      • Palestinian portion of the partition never comes into being
      • Israel seizes much of the land designated for the Palestinian state
        • Egypt took the Gaza Strip
        • Jordan seized the West Bank
    • Continued Conflict
      • 1956 Suez Crisis
        • Egypt seizes the Suez Canal in 1956 which was ordered by President Nasser
        • US and British agree to provide air support to the Israelis who march on the Canal and quickly defeated the Egyptians
        • International community forces Israel and the
    • Continued Conflict
      • Six-Day War
        • Nasser threatens Israel in a speech
        • Israel strikes at the air bases of Egypt, Syria, Iran, and Jordan
        • Ground invasion success
          • Lost 800 troops to the Arabs 15,000
        • Took the old city of Jerusalem, Sinai Peninsula, The Golan Heights, and the West Bank
        • Buffer zones for the Israelis
    • Continued Conflict
      • 1973 War or the Yom Kippur war
        • Anwar Sadat now the president of Egypt
        • Israel caught by surprise and initially suffers loss of land and casualties
        • Counter-attack launched where Israel regains most of the land
        • Cease Fire signed after several weeks of fighting but not a peace agreement
    • The Olive Branch
      • 1977 Sadat offers peace to Israel if Israel would agree to give up the lands it took in 1967 from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria
      • Jimmy Carter jumps at the opportunity to gain some stability in the region
      • Camp David Accords
        • Egypt recognizes Israelis right to exist and Israel returns the Sinai Peninsula
    • Palestinian Demands for Statehood
      • Originally the Palestinians were promised a state by the UN as well which never materialized and Israel occupied their land
      • Israel begins to establish settlements in Palestinian lands in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank
    • Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
      • Led by Yasar Arafat
      • Military wing of PLO conducts armed resistance operations against the Israelis
      • Israel begins bombing any suspected PLO stronghold in towns
        • Invades Lebanon in 1982 to knock out strongholds
    • Peace Talks
      • Finally in 1991 the two sides meet face to face for a series of peace talks
        • International opinion swayed by civil disobedience and NOT the military operations of the PLO
      • An agreement for Israeli withdraw and Palestinian rule of the Gaza Strip and West Bank was signed in 1993 between Sharon and Rabin
        • Rabin Assassinated in 1995
        • Withdrawal process slow and complicated by Israeli Prime Ministers who were against the plan
    • Activity
      • Read Chapter 19 Section 1 and answer the following questions
      • What were the steps towards democracy that each country took?
      • Who were the important leaders?
      • What kind of obstacles did the countries face on their road towards democracy?
    • Russia and the Unholy Trinity
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • Politburo- ruling committee of the communist party
      • Who were the two leaders of USSR since Stalin’s death?
      • Mikhail Gorbachev placed in power
        • The Politburo looking for mild reform
        • Gorbachev had not lived through the Stalin Era and was open to new ideas
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • What is Glasnost?
        • Openness
        • Encouraged soviets to discuss how to improve their society
        • Churches open
        • Released political dissidents
        • Unbanned books
        • Open press investigates and criticizes government
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • What is Perestroika?
        • Economic restructuring
        • Allowed for local managers of farms and small private businesses (restored profit motive)
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • What is Democratization?
        • Gorbachev introduces plan to slowly open the political system
        • Elections of a new legislative body
        • Lists of candidates for each office which led to part bosses losing elections and reformists gaining political power
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • Escape from East Germany… vacationers paradise
        • No reforms in Eastern Germany
        • 1989 Hungary who was well on its own way to democracy allowed vacationing East Germans to enter into Austria
          • Freedom for those who could afford the trip
      • East Germany closes its borders entirely to try and stop the flood of emigrants
    • Collapse of the Soviet Union
      • Fall of the Wall (1989)
        • Huge protests break out all over the country
        • Police refuse to break up the protests
        • Leader forced to resign power
        • Egon Krenz new leader of Eastern Germany and believes he can restore order by allowing people to leave Eastern Germany
    • Germany Reunified
      • Within months the Communist Party in Eastern Germany ceased to exist as corruption and scandal were discovered
      • New leadership moves towards democracy and reunification of the country
        • Process begins in 1994
        • Economy serious obstacle
        • Unified and back on track as of today