Nationalism, Revolution, and Chaos
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Nationalism, Revolution, and Chaos

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Nationalism, Revolution, and Chaos Nationalism, Revolution, and Chaos Presentation Transcript

  • Nationalism, Revolution, and Chaos
    • Nationalism and Nation-States
    • Unifying force or destructive Power
  • The Star Spangled Banner
    • Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early lightWhat so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight,O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet waveO'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
  • State
    • While the terms country, state, and nation are often used interchangeably, there is a difference.
    • A State (note the capital "S") is a self-governing political entity. The term State can be used interchangeably with country.
    • Characteristics
      • Internationally recognized territory
      • People who live there continuously
      • An organized economy
      • Government with external recognition
      • Sovereignty
      • Currently 192 Independent States in the world
  • Nation
    • A nation , however, is a tightly-knit group of people which share a common culture. A nation-state is a nation which has the same borders as a State.
    • Characteristics
      • Share Language
      • Share religion (maybe)
      • Share Culture/ Life style
      • Share History
      • Share IDENTITY
    • When a nation of people have a State or country of their own, it is called a nation-state .
    • Based on this information, determine whether each of the following is an example of a Nation (N), State (S) or Nation-State (NS)
      • United Kingdom
      • Japan
      • Puerto Rico
      • Israel
      • Palestine
      • Iraq
      • Canada
      • Germany
      • United States
      • Hong Kong
  • Revolutions and Unification
    • Conservatives, Liberals, and Radicals
      • Conservatives- Monarchy
      • Liberals- more power to parliaments
      • Radicals- drastic changes and equality
    • Nationalism
      • The belief that one’s greatest loyalty should be to the nation of people that share a common culture and history and not to the rulers
      • Uniting force among people
      • Developed out of the French Revolution
      • Pride in the country vs pride in a ruler
      • Equality of all people
  • Greece
    • Under Ottoman Empire for Centuries
    • Kept the Ancient Greek spirit, history, and culture alive
    • Revolt in 1821 World sympathizes with their cause because of their personal connections with the Ancient Greek thought
    • European nations take Greek side 1827
    • British, French, and Russian forces destroy the Ottoman Fleet
    • 1830 Greece is officially recognized
  • Old Order Breaks Down
    • Wave of failed revolution attempts from Russia to Brussels
    • Congress of Vienna restoration seems to be falling apart
    • Continued attempts all over Europe
    • Short-term gains followed by the restoration of conservative rule
  • And now for some more France
    • Charles X tries to return to Absolute Monarchy
      • Peasants revolt
      • Force Charles to flee to England
    • Louis-Philippe Reigned for 18 years
      • Nobility did not like him
      • 1848 mob removes him from power
    • Republic Established
      • Alphonse de Lamarinte becomes the leader
      • Radicals split into factions
      • Lamartine- political reform
      • Louis Blanc- social and economic reform
      • Leads to battling in the streets
      • People lose interest in radicals and decide to support a more moderate reform
  • France
    • Parliament and Presidency Established
      • Louis-Napoleon elected president
      • Nephew of Napoleon
      • Strong leader after instability
      • 4 Years later takes title of Emperor
      • Napoleon III Public works and investment in industrialization leads to real economic gains and prosperity
      • Why would the French return to an absolute ruler again?