Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Korean and Vietnam War
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Korean and Vietnam War


Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Korean and Vietnam War
  • 2. Korean War
    • Korea divided at the end of WWII
      • North surrendered to Soviets
      • South Surrendered to the United States
    • Most occupying troops are removed from the peninsula by 1949
    • North Korea receiving military aid from the Soviets
  • 3. Korean War
    • June 25, 1950 North Korea invades South Korea
    • Truman’s policy of containment tested
      • Convinced this was very similar to what had happened with Hitler and the other axis powers during WWII
      • Pledges the US to help South Korea
        • Initially just air and naval cover and then ground troops after MacArthur assesses the situation
  • 4. United Nations Intervention
    • South Korea asks the United Nations for help
      • Taken to the Security Council
      • Why would you expect any action against North Korea to be voted down in the Security Council?
      • Soviets were absent from the meeting
        • Boycotting because of the Nationalists China being given the Chinese seat in the United Nations
  • 5. United Nations Intervention
    • 15 nations pledge to send troops to help the South Koreans under the leadership of Douglas Macarthur
    • Forces enter the conflict amidst continued North Korean success
  • 6. The War
    • Pusan the only South Korean area left
    • MacArthur plans a surprise attack to try and defeat the North Koreans at Inchon
  • 7. Inchon Landing
    • Landing the forces at Inchon allowed MacArthur to pinch the North Koreans between the his two forces
    • Forces about half of the North Korean Army to surrender and the rest to retreat
    • With North Korean forces on retreat MacArthur gives chase preparing to deliver the final blow
  • 8. Refusal of Surrender
    • North Koreans refuse to surrender even after being pushed back past the 38 th parallel
    • Truman did not want this conflict to escalate into a larger war
    • Chinese troops were building along the Manchurian border and there were threats of a Chinese invasion if MacArthur on the UN continued to push too far
  • 9. Invasion of North Korea
    • South Korean troops begin to push into North Korea
    • MacArthur reorganizes the UN troops and prepares to completely destroy the N. Korean Army
    • Plans begin to be drawn up in the UN for a N. Korean occupation and eventual unification plan under a democratic government
  • 10. China Gets Involved
    • October 1950 China enters the war on behalf of the N. Koreans
    • Now a war between the US and China
    • MacArthur’s forces are outnumbered and are pushed back into S. Korea and lose the capital of Seoul
    • MacArthur begins to call for nuclear strikes against Chinese targets
  • 11. MacArthur Dismissed
    • Truman completely against escalation
      • Want to stay out of world wars, not start them
    • MacArthur takes his case to Congress and the press trying to force Truman’s hand
    • Truman relieves MacArthur of command
  • 12. Peace Agreement
    • Ceasefire signed after 2 more years of fighting
    • UN troops are able to beat the N. Koreans back to near the 38 th parallel
    • Almost no change in the border but 5 million lives were lost during the war
  • 13. Aftermath of the War
    • Poor
    • Shortages of food and energy
    • Communist Dictators
    • Kim Jung Il current dictator
    • Heavily militarized
    • South Korea
    • Robust economic growth thanks to US stimulus aid
    • Democratic constitution with free elections now in place
    • One of the fastest growing economies in the world
    • Focuses on industry and exports
  • 14. Vietnam
    • France colonized most of Southeast Asia to control the resources
    • Ho Chi Minh
      • Young Rebel in Vietnam looks for help from the Communists to help against the French
      • Forms the Indochinese Communist Party
  • 15. Conflict in Vietnam
    • French jail the protesters Ho incites
    • Sentences Ho and other party leaders to death but Ho escapes
    • Returns in 1941 after the Japanese invasion
      • Form the Vietminh League to fight against the Japanese
      • American Intelligent Agency (OSS) aligns with Ho to harass the Japanese
    • In 1945 Japan admits defeat
    • France seeks to regain the colony
  • 16. Vietnam War Begins
    • France faces resistance as it tries to regain the colony
      • Communists and Nationalists join together to fight against the French for independence
      • Hit and Run tactics (guerilla warfare) make France wonder if the colony is worth the price in lives
      • US supports the French as an extension of their containment policy
  • 17. Dien Bien Phu
    • Viet Minh surround Dien Bien Phu
      • French stronghold
      • Viet Minh have 50,000 troops surrounding the city
    • Constant artillery fire shuts down the only runway causing French to rely on parachuting in supplies
    • France calls on the USA for help as the Viet Minh dig tunnels closer and closer to their positions
  • 18. USA Enters the War
    • Domino Theory
      • If one country fell to communism those around it would also fall
      • Communism would spread
    • Potential Options for US involvement
      • Send combat troops
      • Conventional airstrike with B-29 Bombers
      • Tactical Nuclear Weapon
  • 19. French Surrender
    • The French admit defeat before the US commits
    • Geneva Peace Conference determines the country will be split at the 17 th parallel
      • Communist Ho Chi Minh to the North
      • US and France support Ngo Dinh Diem in the South in an anti-communist government
  • 20. Vietnam Divided
    • Diem leads as dictator in the South
      • Unpopular
      • US supports Diem cancellation of the elections
      • Fear an election would lead to a communist victory
    • Ho Chi Minh is a popular leader in the North with land redistribution programs
  • 21. Vietcong Resistance
    • Outrage at the corrupt leadership of Diem grows
    • Vietcong guerillas begin to fight and eventually take over large areas in the South
    • 1963 US attempts to back a coup to replace Diem with a more popular leader
      • Assassinate Diem and take control
      • No more popular
  • 22. Americans Get Directly Involved
    • US military had served as advisors to South Vietnamese
    • US decides to send in troops to prevent the rise of Ho in the South
  • 23. Americans In Vietnam
    • 185,000 plus troops deployed to Vietnam
    • Best trained and equipped force in the world
      • Guerilla warfare in unfamiliar terrain
    • Problems Faced
      • South Vietnamese Government becoming more unpopular
      • US support for the war is failing
      • Terrain unfamiliar
  • 24. American Withdraw
    • Becomes clear that there is no decisive victory in sight for the war
    • Richard Nixon begins the withdraw
      • Plan of Vietnamization where the South Vietnamese slowly took over for the American soldiers who were leaving
      • Hoped the South Vietnamese government would hold
      • Authorized bombings of Laos and Cambodia to try and destroy Vietcong supply routes and hideouts