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Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
Colonial Growing Pains
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Colonial Growing Pains

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  1. Colonial Growing Pains <ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East </li></ul>
  2. INDIA <ul><li>What do you remember about Gandhi and his call to Civil Disobedience? </li></ul><ul><li>Amritsar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning of the end of British Rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muslim League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muhammad Ali Jinnah </li></ul></ul>
  3. Partition of India <ul><li>Muslim league does not want to be under the control of the Hindu population </li></ul><ul><li>Propose Partition at the Lahore Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Riots and mass violence between the Muslims and Hindus lead Britain to give independence to the nations of India and Pakistan </li></ul>
  4. Dividing and Chaos pg 507 <ul><li>All of the Princes in areas had to decide which country to join and how to divide the civil service between the two nations </li></ul><ul><li>Populations move between the two new countries and as they do… MASS KILLINGS </li></ul>
  5. Gandhi <ul><li>“ What is there to celebrate? I see nothing but rivers of blood.” </li></ul><ul><li>Goes to Dehli to try and persuade the government to press for the fair treatment of Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>Shot by a Hindu while there </li></ul>
  6. LARGEST DEMOCRACY IN THE WORLD <ul><li>India was the world’s largest democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru first Prime Minister </li></ul>
  7. Kashmir Gripes <ul><li>Who controls Kashmir? Who knows? </li></ul><ul><li>Both Pakistan and India make a claim on the territory </li></ul><ul><li>China takes part of the territory in 1962 under Mao </li></ul><ul><li>Continued conflict between the nations today </li></ul>
  8.  
  9. Modern Leaders <ul><li>Indira Gandhi </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected Prime Minister in 1964 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daughter of Nehru (first prime minister) </li></ul></ul>
  10. Philippines <ul><li>First to gain independence after WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>July 4 th 1946 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Deal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US will give $600 million in war reparations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Philippines must sign Bell Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free trade for 8 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US maintains military presences at Clark Air force and Manila Naval </li></ul></ul>
  11. Philippines <ul><li>Ferdinand Marcos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritarian regime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stole millions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instituted martial law to stay in power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1986 election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Runs against Corazon Aquino and LOSES but declares himself the winner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public outrage leads to his exile to Hawaii </li></ul></ul>
  12. African Independence <ul><li>Middle class emerges after WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by the Harlem Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Negritude Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Celebrate African culture, heritage and values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black experience is unique </li></ul></ul>
  13. Ghana <ul><li>British </li></ul><ul><li>First African colony south of the Sahara to achieve independence after WWII </li></ul><ul><li>British try and ease the transition by allowing more appointed Africans in their Legislative Council </li></ul>
  14. “Freedom Now!” Ghana <ul><li>Wanted ELECTED and not appointed representation </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Violent protests </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah led the protest movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized strikes and boycotts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imprisoned often </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becomes first Prime Minister </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gains independence in 1957 </li></ul><ul><li>First black African nation to enter the British Commonwealth </li></ul>
  15. Africa Ruled by Africans <ul><li>Nkrumah helped organize the first Pan-African Conference in 1945 and the first Pan-African conference in Africa in 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Organization of African Unity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1963 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Nations trying to govern independently and work together to solve African issues </li></ul></ul>
  16. Struggles in Ghana <ul><li>Military coup in 1966 while Nkrumah was in China </li></ul><ul><li>More coups to follow up to 2000 when the first open elections were held </li></ul><ul><li>Still fragile government today </li></ul>

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