4. Napoleon And Empire

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4. Napoleon And Empire

  1. 1. Napoleon and Empire
  2. 2. Robespierre and the Reign of Terror <ul><li>Maximilien Robespierre emerges from the pack as the leader of the revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to promote a “Republic of Virtue” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wipe out all traces of the French Monarchy and Nobility by killing the people and removing all references (even from playing cards) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Reason and the Revolution <ul><li>Changes calendar to 12 months of 30 days </li></ul><ul><li>No Sundays in new calendar because religion was “old fashioned” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed the churches of Paris </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Committee of Public Safety <ul><li>Robespierre decides who is an enemy of the state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and execute people in the same day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reasoned that Terror was a tool of virtue in times of revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just bringing the people to swift justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping the revolutionary ideals alive and well by executing all those who oppose </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Executions <ul><li>Robespierre executed many fellow revolutionaries who challenged his power </li></ul><ul><li>Marie-Antoinette the most famous execution </li></ul><ul><li>Approximate 3,000 executed in Paris alone </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 40,000 killed overall </li></ul>
  6. 6. End of the Terror <ul><li>None of the National Committee was safe </li></ul><ul><li>Turn on Robespierre to save themselves from Madame Guillotine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrested and killed the next day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Last powerful leader of the Revolution killed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public opinion shifts to the right and changes follow </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. If at first you don’t succeed… <ul><li>Government Change #3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Convention drafts a new constitution that favors the middle class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bicameral legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive of five men called the Directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corrupted but able to keep order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Moderate leaders </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Napoleon and Power <ul><li>Watch the following video and answer the questions on the worksheet. </li></ul>

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