Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
4. Mughal Empire
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

4. Mughal Empire


Published on

Published in: Spiritual
No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The Mughal Empire
  • 2. Founding of the Mughal Empire
    • Babur founder
      • Turkish decent
      • Married to a descendent of Genghis Khan
    • Conquers Delhi in 1526 to officially start the empire
  • 3. Humayun
    • Succeeds his father to the throne
    • Not as effective or likeable
    • Rumors of opium addiction throughout his reign
    • Two decades of his reign are survived but not plentiful
  • 4. Akbar
    • Takes the throne at age 13 and rules for 50 years
    • Much more successful ruler
      • Expanded empire
      • Use of fire arms
      • Mansabas to pay for his armies
    • Illiterate
    • Tolerant of religions
      • One of his wives was a Hindu
    • Famous for his patronage of the arts
  • 5. Akbar
    • Most illustrious ruler of the Mughal empire
    • How did he differ from his Ottoman and Safavid counterparts?
    • Married a Rajput Princess who was a Hindu and welcomed her family
    • Very prosperous
  • 6. Rajputs
    • Warrior Class from northern India
    • Hindu
    • Approximately 15% of Mansabas
    • Confirmed the policy of religious accommodation
  • 7. Major Differences Between Peoples
    • Religion
      • Indian predominately Hindu
      • Muslim minority ruling Hindu majority
      • Muslim beliefs and Hindu beliefs not easily integrated into a single society
      • Need a new way of ruling a country with these kind of differences
  • 8. Religion
    • Muslims
      • Destroy Hindu monuments
      • Expand into Hindu territory
      • Enslaving prisoners of war and forcing conversion to Islam
    • Potentially dangerous division within the country
    • Akbar eases tensions by stopping worst of the abuse
  • 9. Akbar and Religion
    • Declares himself the infallible messenger of God in 1579
      • Would this be allowed under Islam? Why or why not?
      • What do you believe is his main purpose for doing this?
    • Allows for cases to be heard by himself
  • 10. New Religion?
    • Akbar creates a new religion
      • Mix of Muslim, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Sikh and Christian beliefs
  • 11. New Religion?
    • What is Zoroastrianism?
      • One of the worlds oldest monotheistic religion
        • Ahura Mazda
      • Elements are pure and fire represents gods light and wisdom
      • Focus on good works, thoughts and deeds
      • Cord with three knots
      • Pray facing a source of light (such as the sun)
      • Keep minds, bodies, and spirits pure to defeat evil
  • 12. New Religion?
    • What is Sikhism?
      • Founded in 15 th century
      • Practice religion by coping with everyday problems in the world
      • There is only one God
      • God is without form, or gender
      • Everyone has direct access to God
      • Everyone is equal before God
      • A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others
      • Empty religious rituals and superstitions have no value
  • 13. New Religion?
    • Akbar creates a new religion
      • Mix of Muslim, Hindu, Zoroastrian, Sikh and Christian beliefs
    • Brings together scholars of all religions to listen to them debate
    • Made part of the court a religious ritual
    • This did not continue after his death
  • 14. Conversions Under Akbar
    • Why would non-Muslim individuals convert even if they were not forced to do so?
  • 15. Economics under Akbar
    • Relatively peaceful time period
      • Conflict with other Indian Princes
    • Booming trade in cotton cloth with the Europeans
      • Foreign trade from the port of Surat
      • Most Europeans had lost control of ports and so were seen as an ally to the Indians
        • Military protection for trade rights
      • No Navy of their own
    • Did not understand the inflation of the silver in Europe and the incredibly cheap price they were giving the Europeans
  • 16. Aurangzeb
    • Overzealous grandson of Akbar
    • Reversed stance on religious tolerance
      • Caused conflict within his own empire
    • Beheaded the 9 th Guru of Sikhism
      • Lead to the formation of the “Army of the Pure”
    • Religion begins to be at the center of armed conflict within the country
  • 17. Downfall of the Mughal Empire
    • Land-Grant System
    • Inability of Aurangzeb to effectively administer the areas under his control
    • Challenges to military from regional players
      • Marathas
      • Kikhs
      • Hindu Rajputs
      • Afghans
    • Invaded by Nadir Shah
      • General who took control after the fall of the Safavids
      • Sacks Delhi and takes the throne with him
  • 18. Limping Empire
    • Officials begin breaking apart and declaring themselves independent
    • Religious groups break away and gain their freedom and flourish
    • Leaves the region susceptible to European intrusion and conquest
  • 19. Joseph Francois Dupleix
    • European
    • Took presidency of east coast of French Pondicherry
    • Takes control of Southern India through trade
      • Becomes the puppet master pulling the strings for several Indian Princes
    • Leaves in 1754 clearing the way for British involvement