3. Absolutism, Power, And More Conflict


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3. Absolutism, Power, And More Conflict

  1. 1. Absolutism, Power, and More Conflict Chapter 5 Section 2 and 3 France, Louis XIV, Hapsburgs, Thirty Years War
  2. 2. Absolutism <ul><li>Kings and Queens who believe totally authority rest with them inside their borders </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the theory of divine right </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God had ordained they would rule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monarchs grew more powerful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline of feudalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National kingdoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminished Church authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upheaval leads people to seek stability </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. France, Chaos, and Kings <ul><li>France in chaos as religious wars between Huguenots and Catholics fight wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slaughter of Huguenots </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Henry of Navarre is a Huguenot who ascends to the throne </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Paris is worth a mass” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Converts to Catholicism to keep the Peace </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Edict of Nantes <ul><li>Henry of Navarre wants to ease the tensions in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Allows Huguenots to have cities in the country where they are free to worship </li></ul><ul><li>Henry is able to restore the strength of the French monarchy by easing the religious tensions </li></ul>
  5. 5. CRAZED MONK ATTACKS!! <ul><li>Henry was driving along minding his own business in his carriage when tragedy strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Fanatic monk leaps into his carriage and stabs him to death ending his 11 year reign of prosperity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu <ul><li>Louis XIII is Henry’s son </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weak king </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Richelieu is the source of power during his reign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revoked the Edict of Nantes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Protestant city could have walls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaken Nobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Required nobles to tear down their fortified castles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Placed Middle Class in positions of authority </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Skepticism pgs 139 <ul><li>Read the Writers Express Skepticism section in your book and answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><li>What is skepticism? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the first step towards finding truth? </li></ul><ul><li>What events caused the rise of skepticism? </li></ul><ul><li>What form of writing was developed? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Louis XIV Rules Absolutely <ul><li>“ L’etat, c’est moi” or I am the State </li></ul><ul><li>Strong absolute ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Cardinal Mazarine his trusted advisor who rules while he is young </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV takes complete control at age 23 and continues to strengthen the monarchy </li></ul>
  9. 9. Louis XIV and Nobility <ul><li>Hated and mistrusted the Nobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excludes from advisory councils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forces the court to move to Versailles where they are under the Kings control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intendants were put in charge of local affairs such as tax collect in place of Noble Lords </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Versailles <ul><li>Rustic little hunting lodge expanded into one of the most opulent palaces in the world </li></ul>
  11. 12. Jean Baptiste Colbert <ul><li>Economic advisor to Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>Mercantilism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Export to other countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Import as little as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amass wealth in the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Country becomes self-sufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies provide raw materials and markets for goods </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. Louis and his Wars <ul><li>Attempts to expand France into the Spanish Netherlands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France has the best army in the world at this time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gain 12 towns in the first campaign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dutch break the dikes during the second campaign forcing the French to retreat </li></ul>
  13. 14. Louis and his Wars <ul><li>Treaty of Nijmegen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France took several towns from the war and some territory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourages Louis to continue with more wars </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Successive wars end in a stalemate as Europe comes together to fight against the French </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeking to establish a balance of power where no one state could dominate the others </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. War of Spanish Succession <ul><li>Charles II dies without a successor in Spain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had promised the throne to Philip of Anjou who was Louis grandson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now Spain and France were both ruled by the Bourbon dynasty </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disrupted the balance of power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England, Austria, Dutch republic, Portugal and German and Italian princes join forces to fight against France and Spain </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. War of Spanish Succession <ul><li>12 years of warfare weakens the French and other powers </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Utrecht </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip of Anjou could remain king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowns of Spain and France would not be combined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BRITAIN THE BIG WINNER! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gibraltar, slave trade, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay area </li></ul></ul></ul>
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