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1. World War I Beginings
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1. World War I Beginings

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  • 1. World War I Beginnings Causes and Conditions Grab a Human Record Book!!!
  • 2. Twenty- Four Hours on the Western Front pg 377
    • Where is this memoir taking place?
    • What are your impressions of this memoir?
    • You have 20 min!!!
  • 3. Alliances Set Up Disaster
    • Triple Alliance
      • Germany
      • Austria-Hungary
      • Russia
      • Italy (later)
    • Germany wanted to try and make sure France did not have allies
  • 4. Kaiser Wilhelm II
    • Dismisses Bismarck
      • Very effective politician
      • Did not want to share power/ prestige with anyone
    • Decides that Britain is a threat
      • Naval build-up
      • Forces Britain into an alliance of their own
  • 5. Triple Entente
    • Britain, France, Russia
      • How can Russia be in both
    • Britain sees German buildup as threat and wants to ensure defense
  • 6. Powder Keg of Europe
    • Balkans
    • History of Ethnic uprisings and disputes
    • Ottoman Empire Collapsing
      • New Countries being formed around nationalistic uprisings
  • 7. Serbia and the Slavs
    • Large Slav population
    • Hopes to unite all Slavs including those in Austria-Hungary
      • Russia supported Slavic independence (Triple Entente)
      • Austria felt threatened by it (Triple Alliance)
  • 8. Fight for Territory and Nations
    • Ottoman decline leaves power vacuum in the Balkan region
    • Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908
      • Because they were backed by Germany, Russia and Serbia could not fight back
    • Serbia slowly gains strength and continues to seek to unite all Slavs including those in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 9. KABOOM
    • Archduke Franz Ferdinand
      • Heir to Austro-Hungarian Throne
      • Travels to Sarajevo
      • Assassinated by The Black Hand
  • 10. The Black Hand
    • Union and Death
    • Sole purpose to eliminate Austrian influence in the region
    • Selects their assassins to attempt to kill the Heir
    • Serbian Government is aware of the plot
  • 11. Assassination Dilemma
    • Prime Minister must make a decision
      • If the attempt is successful the links to the Serbian government could be discovered and an all out war declared
      • If he warns the Austrians he will be seen as a traitor by his countrymen AND admitting that he was aware there were anti-Austrian movements in the country
  • 12. The Decision
    • Weak attempt to stop the assassins at the boarder failed
    • Purposefully vague diplomatic warning that did not specifically implicate the Black Hand
    • "Some young Serb might put a live rather than a blank cartridge in his gun and fire it."
  • 13. The Plan
    • Seven Men
      • 4 pistols
      • 6 bombs
  • 14. The Aftermath
    • Assassin a Serbian
      • LETS PUNISH SERBIA
    • Germany looking for an excuse
      • Gives Austria its complete backing
    • Austria delivers an ultimatum to the Serbian Government
      • Stop all Anti-Austrian activity
      • Allow for Austrian officials to investigate assassination
  • 15. I DO BELIEVE THIS MEANS WAR!
    • Serbia sends a counter offer but Austria not willing to consider
    • War declared on July 28 th 1914
      • Russia is Serbia's ally
        • Mobilizes troops that day to the Austrian border
    • Ummm…. pssst guys this could be bad… can’t we please play nice?
  • 16. Alliances Backfire
    • Once war was declared there was no backing out of the secret alliances and one after another the countries of Europe were drawn in
  • 17. The War to End All Wars
    • First Modern War
    • Technological Advances
    • Brutality
    • Total War