Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains
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Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains

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An Overview of Evolutionary Processes: Macroevolution, Vertabrate, and Mammalian. ...

An Overview of Evolutionary Processes: Macroevolution, Vertabrate, and Mammalian.
Follows:
Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda Trevathan. “Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution. “ Essentials of Physical Anthropology (7th edition). Belmont: Wadsworth, 2009

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Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains Human Biology Lecture On Taxonomy Homologies Evolutionary Systemics Cladistics And Brains Presentation Transcript

  • Professor Jeff McKendricks Human Biology Lecture on Taxonomy, Homologies, Evolutionary Systemics, Cladistics, and Brains
  • Species
    • The term species has its origins in the ancient Latin language. In this language, the word species means kind.
  • Binomial nomenclature
    • Linnaeus suggested that every organism should be classified with a unique binomial name.
    • Genus.species
    • Carolus Linnaeus Systema Naturae 1758
  • New order
    • Modern classification systems are much more complicated having many levels of hierarchical organization
    • Taxonomy (physical)
    • Phylogeny (genes)
  • Taxonomy
    • Kingdom  metazoa/animall
    •   Subkingdom  
    • Phylum chordata/spinal chord
    •   Subphylum  vertebrata spinal column
    • Class  mammalia/mammals
    •   Subclass  eutheria/placential
    •   Order  Primates  
    • suborder anthropodae/all monkeys apes, humans
    • infraorder Catarhini/old world monkeys ,apes, humans
    • Superfamily Hominodea/apes and humans
    • Family Hominidae/ Human
    • subfamily
    • Genus  Homo bipedal/same as
    •   Specie sapiens sapiens wise man
  • Flying reptiles to bats to birds http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/precursors/precurscommdesc.html
  • Horse human whale crocodile bird hoopermuseum.earthsci.carleton.ca/classificat...
  • Analogies or homologies? www.cbu.edu/~seisen/Darwin.htm
  • Analogy/Homoplasy/convergent
  • Cladistics evolution.berkeley.edu/.../_0_0/similarity_hs_09 Derived/modified
  • Clade shows close ties scienceblogs.com/.../05/the_platypus_genome.php
  • Is this less clear?
  • or more clear? www.ecotao.com/holism/glosoz.htm
  • Evolutionary Systematics colab.cim3.net/.../Data_Context_Section
  • Mid range cranial capacity addingup.org/.../18/human-brain-size-evolution/
  • Brain case primatology.net/.../
  • Brain model blog.thirdeyehealth.com/.../ Reptilian Limbic Cerebral cortex-frontal/parietal /occipital
  • www.drpribut.com/blog/index.php/tag/biochemistry/
  • brainandlearning.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_arch...
  • Homology or analogy? Phylogeny or clade? www.colorado.edu/.../Class/IPHY3730/05cns.html
  • Complex Brain library.thinkquest.org/18299/function.htm
  • Phylogeny of the brain dbm.neuro.uni-jena.de/.../
  • Which brings us too www.nature.com/.../fig_tab/nature01400_F1.html
  • But we start here… Chpt 6
  • Assignment 11 and 12
    • 11
    • What are the mechanisms of evolution
    • 12
    • Describe the evidence of one species for macroevolution.
  • References Robert Jurmain, Lynn Kilgore, Wenda Trevathan. “Macroevolution: Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution. “ Essentials of Physical Anthropology (7 th edition). Belmont: Wadsworth, 2009 Understanding Evolution. University of California. Access date Nov. 22, 2008 Not All Similarity is Homology. http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/_0_0/similarity_hs_ 06 Talking Origins. Mammalian Forelimb Homologies. Access date Nov 22, 2008. http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/anatomy.html Physical Geography. Introduction to the Biosphere   (b). Biological Classification of Organisms. Access date Nov 22, 2008 http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/9b.html