The persuasive essay juniorsPresentation Transcript
The Persuasive Essay
In persuasive writing, a writer takes astand FOR or AGAINST an issue andwrites to convince the reader to believethis point of view.
Ideas and ContentIn a persuasive essay, you are asked to argue a position in an attempt to change the reader’s beliefs. ! You also must state the opposing argument and explain why the reader should not agree with it. This is known as a rebuttal.
Persuasive writing follows the usual 5-paragraph format.It has an introduction, a body where the argument is developed, and a conclusion.
ThesisA thesis in a persuasive essay takes a stand on a particular topic and works to convince the reader that your view on the topic is correct.Example:1.) Those who are old enough to fight in a war should also be allowed to legally enjoy a beer.
Writing Your IntroductionThe introduction has a “hook” to catch the reader’s attention. Some “hooks” include opening with: – an unusual detail – a strong statement – a quotation – a question – an exaggeration or outrageous statement – a shocking statistic
Introduction -- ThesisThe introduction should also include your thesis.There are two objectives of a thesis statement:1. It tells the reader the specific topic of your essay and your position on it.2. It imposes manageable limits on that topic.
The BodyThe writer then provides evidence to support the opinion offered in the thesis statement in the introduction.The body should consist of at least three paragraphs.Each paragraph is based on solid reasoning to back your thesis statement.
The BodySince almost all issues have soundarguments on both sides of thequestion, a good persuasive writertries to anticipate opposing viewpointsand provide counter-arguments alongwith the main points in the essay.
Where do I put the opposing argument in my essay?There are a couple of different ways to present and refute the opposing argument.1. The best essays weave the opposing argument into the writer’s position.2. Another way is devote a paragraph to state the opposing argument and then refute it.
The ConclusionPersuasive essays end bysummarizing the most importantdetails of the argument and statingonce again what the reader is tobelieve or do.
General guidelines when writing a persuasive essay:1. Have a firm opinion that you want your reader to accept.2. Begin with a hook to get the reader’s attention.3. Offer valid evidence to support your opinion, show the opposing argument, and refute it.4. Conclude with a restatement of what you want the reader to do or believe.
Be sure to• read,• revise,• and edit• before publishing the final product.
Ideas and ContentYou need to have a clear and developedposition that is supported by evidence. arguable position is clearly asserted appeals to either the reader’sauthority, reason, or emotion uses pertinent evidence alternative positions are identifiedand addressed
OrganizationThe structure of your paper is logical and allowsthe reader to make transitions from point topoint. Introduction engages reader Main ideas and evidence are presented logically and sequentially Transitions connect ideas between and within paragraphs The conclusion reinforces the position
VoiceYour energy and passion for the positiondrive the writing, making the textlively, expressive, and engaging. Tone is appropriate for thetopic/purpose Vocabulary and figurative language convey the writer’s personality The text is designed to hold thereader’s attention by anticipatingthe reader’s interests and needs.
Word Choice Words convey the position in aninteresting, precise, and natural way. Words are specific and accurate Imagery is strong Powerful verbs give the writingenergy. Striking words and phrases catch the reader’s interest.
FORBIDDEN WORDS and PHRASESgood bad get, gotNice fun coolused to put stupidVery really thingsokay a lot cuteStuff all right alrightI think I believe I feel Contractions slang terms
Sentence FluencyThe text flows easily with a variety ofsentence structures and lengths Sentence structure help show howideas relate Sentence beginnings guide the readerfrom one sentence to another Variation in sentence structure andlength add interest to the text
ConventionsYou demonstrate control of standard writingrules and use them effectively to enhancereadability. There are very few errors that do notinterrupt the reader. Paragraph division Grammar and usage are correct Punctuation is smooth and guides readerthrough text Spelling is generally correct Writing is long enough to show skill in using conventions. Only light editing is needed.
One Last ReminderBEWARE…… of YOU!!! avoid writing in second person! Stick with the word “I” or “they” But NOT both of them!!!