The Argumentative Essay - review
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  • 1. Bell Work Please take out a sheet of paper. Then, make a list of everything you already know about argumentative writing.
  • 2. In argumentative writing, a writer takes a stand or forms an opinion and writes to convince the reader to believe this point of view.
  • 3. It has an introduction, a body where the claim is developed and the counterclaims are disproven, and a conclusion. A counterclaim is simply the opinion that is opposite of yours. Argumentative writing follows the usual 5-paragraph format.
  • 4. Writing Your Introduction The introduction has a “hook” to catch the reader’s attention. Some “hooks” include opening with: ◦ an unusual detail ◦ a strong statement ◦ a quotation ◦ a question (it MUST be thought provoking!) ◦ an exaggeration or outrageous statement ◦ a shocking statistic ◦ figurative language
  • 5. Introduction – Thesis The introduction should also include your thesis. The thesis should be the LAST sentence in your introduction. There are two objectives of a thesis statement: 1. It tells the reader the specific topic of your essay. 2. It explains to the reader what your position is.
  • 6. The Body The writer then provides facts and evidence to support the opinion offered in the thesis statement in the introduction. The three body paragraphs each explain a different reason that supports your opinion or thesis. They also explain why those with opposing viewpoints are wrong. Each paragraph is based on solid reasoning to support your thesis
  • 7. The Body Since almost all issues have sound arguments on both sides of the question, a good persuasive writer must anticipate counterclaims and provide counter-arguments along with the main points in the essay.
  • 8. Where do I put the counterclaims and their opposition? They should go in your third body paragraph! Begin by making a concession. For example: - It’s true that some people think… - While some people may believe… End the paragraph by telling why the opposing viewpoint is not as strong as yours.
  • 9. The Conclusion Argumentative essays end by summarizing the most important details of the argument and stating once again what the reader is to believe or do.
  • 10. General guidelines when writing an argumentative essay: 1. Have a firm opinion that you want your reader to accept. 2. Be sure your intro includes a hook, necessary and appropriate background information, and a thesis. 3. Offer valid evidence to support your opinion, show the counterclaim, and refute it. 4. Conclude with a restatement of what you want the reader to do or believe.