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WH Chapter 5 Section 1 Notes



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  • 1. CHAPTER 5 Section 1
  • 2. Minoan Civilization     Europe---named after Europa, the daughter of the king of Phoenicia who settled on the island of Crete with Zeus (fable) Crete was home to a brilliant early civilization Called Minoans after King Minos (legendary king of Crete) Minoan success was based on trade not conquest---they contacted peoples in the Nile Valley and the Middle East---through their contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia they acquired ideas and technology that they adapted to their own culture
  • 3. Europa
  • 4. King Minos
  • 5. Island of Crete (Minoan Civilization)
  • 6. Minoan Civilization
  • 7. Minoan Civilization    The rulers of the Minoan civilization lived in a palace at Knossos The palace housed rooms for the royal family, banquet halls, working areas for artisans, and religious shrines to honor gods and goddesses The walls of the palace were covered in colorful frescoes---these frescoes tell us about the Minoan civilization
  • 8. Minoan Fresco
  • 9. Minoan Civilization   By about 1400 B.C., Minoan civilization had vanished Archaeologists aren’t sure of the reasons but hypothesize that the civilization could have been ended by a natural disaster such as a volcanic eruption or an earthquake
  • 10. Rulers of Mycenae     Mycenaean civilization dominated the Aegean world from about 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C. The Mycenaeans were sea traders and spread out beyond Sicily, Italy, Egypt, and Mesopotamia They lived in separate city-states on the mainland A warrior-king ruled from a fortress
  • 11. Mycenae
  • 12. Mycenae
  • 13. The Trojan War    The Mycenaeans are best remembered for their part in the Trojan War, which took place around 1250 B.C. There was an economic rivalry between Mycenae and Troy, a rich trading city in present-day Turkey The war may have started because Troy controlled the straits that connect the Mediterranean and Black seas
  • 14. The Trojan War   Another more romantic version states that the Trojan prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the beautiful wife of a Greek king and then the Mycenaeans sailed to Troy to rescue her For the next 10 years the two sides battled until the Greeks finally seized Troy and burned the city to the ground
  • 15. Troy
  • 16. Helen
  • 17. Trojan War
  • 18. Trojan Horse
  • 19. Trojan War     Many people believed that the Trojan War was merely a legend In the 1870s, Heinrich Schliemann set out to prove that the legend was rooted in fact He excavated the site of ancient Troy and found evidence of a fire and war dating to about 1250 B.C. Modern scholars agree that the Trojan War was an actual event
  • 20. Heinrich Schliemann
  • 21. The Age of Homer     Not long after the fall of Troy, Mycenaean civilization crumbled The Dorians invaded from the north and as Mycenaean power faded people abandoned the cities and trade declined From 1100 B.C. to 800 B.C., Greek civilization seemed to step backward People forgot many skills, including the art of writing
  • 22. The Age of Homer    We get hints about life during this period from two epic poems---the Iliad and the Odyssey Both poems are credited to the blind poet Homer, who lived around 750 B.C. His poems were passed on orally for generations
  • 23. Homer
  • 24. Homer
  • 25. The Iliad   It is our chief source of information about the Trojan War, although the story involves gods, goddesses, and even a talking horse At the start of the poem, Achilles, the greatest of Greek warriors, sulks in his tent after getting in a fight with his commander. Even after the battle turns against the Greeks, Achilles still refuses to join in the battle. He only begins to fight after his best friend is killed.
  • 26. Iliad
  • 27. Achilles
  • 28. The Odyssey   Tells of the struggles of the Greek hero Odysseus to return home to his faithful wife Penelope after the fall of Troy On his long voyage, Odysseus encounters a sea monster, a race of one-eyed giants, and a beautiful sorceress who turns men into swine
  • 29. Odyssey
  • 30. Odysseus
  • 31. The Age of Homer    The Iliad and the Odyssey reveal much about the values of the ancient Greeks The heroes display honor, courage, and eloquence For almost 3,000 years, the epics of Homer have inspired European writers and artists