CHAPTER 5
Section 1
Minoan Civilization







Europe---named after Europa, the daughter of the
king of Phoenicia who settled on the islan...
Europa
King Minos
Island of Crete (Minoan
Civilization)
Minoan Civilization
Minoan Civilization






The rulers of the Minoan civilization lived in a
palace at Knossos
The palace housed rooms fo...
Minoan Fresco
Minoan Civilization




By about 1400 B.C., Minoan civilization had
vanished
Archaeologists aren’t sure of the reasons b...
Rulers of Mycenae








Mycenaean civilization dominated the Aegean
world from about 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.
The Myce...
Mycenae
Mycenae
The Trojan War






The Mycenaeans are best remembered for
their part in the Trojan War, which took place
around 1250 ...
The Trojan War




Another more romantic version states that the
Trojan prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the
beautiful wife...
Troy
Helen
Trojan War
Trojan Horse
Trojan War








Many people believed that the Trojan War was
merely a legend
In the 1870s, Heinrich Schliemann set ...
Heinrich Schliemann
The Age of Homer








Not long after the fall of Troy, Mycenaean
civilization crumbled
The Dorians invaded from the...
The Age of Homer






We get hints about life during this period from
two epic poems---the Iliad and the Odyssey
Both ...
Homer
Homer
The Iliad




It is our chief source of information about the
Trojan War, although the story involves gods,
goddesses, a...
Iliad
Achilles
The Odyssey




Tells of the struggles of the Greek hero
Odysseus to return home to his faithful wife
Penelope after the...
Odyssey
Odysseus
The Age of Homer






The Iliad and the Odyssey reveal much about
the values of the ancient Greeks
The heroes display ...
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WH Chapter 5 Section 1 Notes

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WH Chapter 5 Section 1 Notes

  1. 1. CHAPTER 5 Section 1
  2. 2. Minoan Civilization     Europe---named after Europa, the daughter of the king of Phoenicia who settled on the island of Crete with Zeus (fable) Crete was home to a brilliant early civilization Called Minoans after King Minos (legendary king of Crete) Minoan success was based on trade not conquest---they contacted peoples in the Nile Valley and the Middle East---through their contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia they acquired ideas and technology that they adapted to their own culture
  3. 3. Europa
  4. 4. King Minos
  5. 5. Island of Crete (Minoan Civilization)
  6. 6. Minoan Civilization
  7. 7. Minoan Civilization    The rulers of the Minoan civilization lived in a palace at Knossos The palace housed rooms for the royal family, banquet halls, working areas for artisans, and religious shrines to honor gods and goddesses The walls of the palace were covered in colorful frescoes---these frescoes tell us about the Minoan civilization
  8. 8. Minoan Fresco
  9. 9. Minoan Civilization   By about 1400 B.C., Minoan civilization had vanished Archaeologists aren’t sure of the reasons but hypothesize that the civilization could have been ended by a natural disaster such as a volcanic eruption or an earthquake
  10. 10. Rulers of Mycenae     Mycenaean civilization dominated the Aegean world from about 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C. The Mycenaeans were sea traders and spread out beyond Sicily, Italy, Egypt, and Mesopotamia They lived in separate city-states on the mainland A warrior-king ruled from a fortress
  11. 11. Mycenae
  12. 12. Mycenae
  13. 13. The Trojan War    The Mycenaeans are best remembered for their part in the Trojan War, which took place around 1250 B.C. There was an economic rivalry between Mycenae and Troy, a rich trading city in present-day Turkey The war may have started because Troy controlled the straits that connect the Mediterranean and Black seas
  14. 14. The Trojan War   Another more romantic version states that the Trojan prince Paris kidnapped Helen, the beautiful wife of a Greek king and then the Mycenaeans sailed to Troy to rescue her For the next 10 years the two sides battled until the Greeks finally seized Troy and burned the city to the ground
  15. 15. Troy
  16. 16. Helen
  17. 17. Trojan War
  18. 18. Trojan Horse
  19. 19. Trojan War     Many people believed that the Trojan War was merely a legend In the 1870s, Heinrich Schliemann set out to prove that the legend was rooted in fact He excavated the site of ancient Troy and found evidence of a fire and war dating to about 1250 B.C. Modern scholars agree that the Trojan War was an actual event
  20. 20. Heinrich Schliemann
  21. 21. The Age of Homer     Not long after the fall of Troy, Mycenaean civilization crumbled The Dorians invaded from the north and as Mycenaean power faded people abandoned the cities and trade declined From 1100 B.C. to 800 B.C., Greek civilization seemed to step backward People forgot many skills, including the art of writing
  22. 22. The Age of Homer    We get hints about life during this period from two epic poems---the Iliad and the Odyssey Both poems are credited to the blind poet Homer, who lived around 750 B.C. His poems were passed on orally for generations
  23. 23. Homer
  24. 24. Homer
  25. 25. The Iliad   It is our chief source of information about the Trojan War, although the story involves gods, goddesses, and even a talking horse At the start of the poem, Achilles, the greatest of Greek warriors, sulks in his tent after getting in a fight with his commander. Even after the battle turns against the Greeks, Achilles still refuses to join in the battle. He only begins to fight after his best friend is killed.
  26. 26. Iliad
  27. 27. Achilles
  28. 28. The Odyssey   Tells of the struggles of the Greek hero Odysseus to return home to his faithful wife Penelope after the fall of Troy On his long voyage, Odysseus encounters a sea monster, a race of one-eyed giants, and a beautiful sorceress who turns men into swine
  29. 29. Odyssey
  30. 30. Odysseus
  31. 31. The Age of Homer    The Iliad and the Odyssey reveal much about the values of the ancient Greeks The heroes display honor, courage, and eloquence For almost 3,000 years, the epics of Homer have inspired European writers and artists
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