Section 4 Notes
 Life during the Zhou times in China was very
chaotic with war and social changes disrupting the
old ways of life
 Confu...
 Confucius taught that harmony resulted when
people accepted their place in society
 He stressed five key relationships:...
 The highest duty according to Confucius was filial
piety---respect for parents
 Confucius believed that government lead...
Hanfeizi created the idea of legalism
He taught that the “nature of man is evil
and his goodness is acquired”---greed wa...
The founder of Daoism was Laozi
Wrote The Way of Virtue---had enormous
influence on Chinese life
Daoists sought to live...
By 100 AD, missionaries and merchants
had spread Mahayana Buddhism from
India into China
Buddhism became popular especia...
Neither Daoism nor Confucianism
emphasized this idea of personal salvation
By 400 AD, Buddhism had spread
throughout Chi...
WH Chapter 4 Section 4 Notes
WH Chapter 4 Section 4 Notes
WH Chapter 4 Section 4 Notes
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WH Chapter 4 Section 4 Notes

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WH Chapter 4 Section 4 Notes

  1. 1. Section 4 Notes
  2. 2.  Life during the Zhou times in China was very chaotic with war and social changes disrupting the old ways of life  Confucius was born to a poor family in 551 BC and became a teacher  Two other teachers of the same time: Buddha in India and Socrates in Greece  His saying were written down in the Analects after his death  He developed a philosophy that was concerned with worldly goals, especially how to ensure social order and good government
  3. 3.  Confucius taught that harmony resulted when people accepted their place in society  He stressed five key relationships: father to son, elder brother to younger brother, husband to wife, ruler to subject, friend to friend  Superiors should care for their inferiors and set a good example, while inferiors owed loyalty and obedience to their superiors
  4. 4.  The highest duty according to Confucius was filial piety---respect for parents  Confucius believed that government leaders and officials should be well educated  Confucian ideas influenced every area of Chinese life after his death  The Confucian emphasis on filial piety bolstered traditional customs such as reverence for ancestors  Spread to Korea, Japan, and Vietnam; close to a third of the world’s population came under the influence of his ideas
  5. 5. Hanfeizi created the idea of legalism He taught that the “nature of man is evil and his goodness is acquired”---greed was the motive for most actions and the cause of most conflict Hanfeizi insisted that the only way to achieve order was to pass strict laws and impose harsh punishments
  6. 6. The founder of Daoism was Laozi Wrote The Way of Virtue---had enormous influence on Chinese life Daoists sought to live in harmony with nature Focus on the Dao or “the way” Believed the best government was the one that governed the least
  7. 7. By 100 AD, missionaries and merchants had spread Mahayana Buddhism from India into China Buddhism became popular especially during times of crisis Its great appeal was the promise of escape from suffering Offered the hope of eternal happiness Through prayer, good works, and devotion, anyone could gain salvation
  8. 8. Neither Daoism nor Confucianism emphasized this idea of personal salvation By 400 AD, Buddhism had spread throughout China Buddhism absorbed any Confucian and Daoist traditions and Chinese Buddhist monks stressed filial piety and honored Confucius

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