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WH Chapter 4 Section 2 Notes
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WH Chapter 4 Section 2 Notes

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  • 1. Section 2 Notes
  • 2. In 321 BC, Chandragupta Maurya forged the first great Indian empire The capital of the empire was at Pataliputra Had a well-organized bureaucracy---royal officials supervised the building of roads and harbors to benefit trade, other officials collected taxes and managed state-owned factories and shipyards
  • 3. Chandragupta’s rule was effective but harsh A brutal secret police reported on corruption, crime, and dissent Specially trained women warriors guarded his palace
  • 4. The most honored Maurya emperor was Asoka, Chandragupta’s grandson He converted to Buddhism, rejected violence, and resolved to rule by moral example He sent missionaries to spread Buddhism across India and to Sri Lanka He thus paved the way for the later spread of Buddhism throughout Asia
  • 5. About 500 years after the Mauryas, the Gupta dynasty again united much of India Gupta emperors organized a strong central government that promoted peace and prosperity Under the Guptas, who ruled from 320-550 AD, India enjoyed a golden age
  • 6. Trade and farming flourished across the Gupta empire Students were educated in religious schools The large Buddhist monastery-university at Nalanda, which attracted students from other parts of Asia, taught mathematics, medicine, physics, language s, literature, and other subjects
  • 7. Indian mathematicians originated the concept of zero and developed the decimal system of numbers (based on 10) that we still use today
  • 8. Rajahs sponsored the building of stone temples Hindu temples were designed to reflect cosmic patterns Check out the chalkboard for the Hindu symbol for “eternity” Buddhists built splendid stupas, large domed-shaped shrines that housed the remains of the Buddha or other holy people
  • 9. The greatest Gupta poet and playwright was Kalidasa His most famous work is the play Shakuntala
  • 10. Hindus developed dances to express their religion Mudras---complex hand gestures
  • 11. Listen for the explanation for this project!!!