WH Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes
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WH Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes

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WH Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes WH Chapter 1 Section 2 Notes Presentation Transcript

  • Section 2 Notes
  • Old Stone Age  Earliest period of human history  2 million BC-10,000BC  In 1959, Mary and Louis Leakey found pieces of bone in Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania (the bones belonged to hominids---humanlike primates)  In 1974, Donald Johanson found part of a hominid skeleton in Ethiopia. He named it “Lucy”.  Because of such evidence, many scientists think that the earliest people lived in East Africa
  • The Leakeys and Olduvai Gorge
  • Donald Johanson and Lucy
  • An Early Stone Tool
  • Early Paleolithic People  Got their food by hunting and gathering  Nomads---people who move from place to place in search of food  Glaciers---thick sheets of ice  Paleolithic people invented clothing to protect themselves from the cold of the Ice Ages
  • Early Religious Beliefs  About 30,000 years ago, people began to leave evidence of their belief in a spiritual world  Animism---the belief that all objects, dreams, and things have spirits  Early people left art depicting these beliefs (animals in cave paintings)  Toward the end of the Old Stone Age, some people began burying their dead with great care---this suggests a belief in life after death
  • Cave Paintings
  • Neolithic Agricultural Revolution  About 11,000 years ago, nomadic bands made a breakthrough that had far-reaching effects  This breakthrough brought about the New Stone Age  First important breakthrough that started the New Stone Age was farming  Second important feature of the New Stone Age was the domestication of animals
  • Why did agriculture lead to a population growth?  Answer: Agriculture produced a more stable supply of food!!!
  • Why would New Stone Age people have more property than Old Stone Age People?  Answer: People in the New Stone Age didn’t have to move around all the time (they weren’t nomadic like peoples of the Old Stone Age). Farming led to a constant, stable supply of food and allowed them to live in one area all the time instead of following animals for food.
  • What is the development stage after farming communities?  Answer: Civilizations!!!
  • The Iceman
  • The Iceman
  • The Iceman
  • The Iceman
  • The Iceman
  • The Iceman