Section 2 Notes
Spain’s American Empire
 Spain divided its American empire into TWO parts.
The SOUTHERN part included claims in SOUTH
AME...
Spain’s American Empire
Spanish Pueblo
Spanish Mission
Spanish Presidio
Social Classes in New Spain
 In Spain’s American colonies, social position was
determined mostly by BIRTH.
 PENINSULARES...
The Spanish Borderlands
 Before conquering Mexico, the Spanish had explored and
claimed parts of what is now the UNITED S...
Juan Ponce de Leon
St. Augustine, Florida
St. Augustine, Florida
Francisco Coronado
Hernando de Soto
Borderland Missions
 SPANISH priests established missions throughout the
lands they claimed in what is now the United Sta...
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Chapter 4 Section 2 Notes

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Chapter 4 Section 2 Notes

  1. 1. Section 2 Notes
  2. 2. Spain’s American Empire  Spain divided its American empire into TWO parts. The SOUTHERN part included claims in SOUTH AMERICA and was called PERU. The NORTHERN part was known as NEW SPAIN. It included Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean islands, and the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.  The Spanish established THREE kinds of settlements in the Americas: PUEBLOS were towns established as centers of trade; MISSIONS were religious communities; and PRESIDIOS were military forts.
  3. 3. Spain’s American Empire
  4. 4. Spanish Pueblo
  5. 5. Spanish Mission
  6. 6. Spanish Presidio
  7. 7. Social Classes in New Spain  In Spain’s American colonies, social position was determined mostly by BIRTH.  PENINSULARES were people born in Spain. They had the highest positions in the colonial society.  Below PENINSULARES were CREOLES. These people had Spanish parents but had been born in the American colonies.  The MESTIZOS were colonists of mixed Spanish and Native American descent.  NATIVE AMERICANS made up the largest group of people in Spain’s empire. Most were forced to work as slaves.
  8. 8. The Spanish Borderlands  Before conquering Mexico, the Spanish had explored and claimed parts of what is now the UNITED STATES.  In 1513, JUAN PONCE DE LEON landed in what is now Florida in search of gold. He established the settlement of ST. AUGUSTINE.  Beginning in 1540, FRANCISCO CORONADO spent three years exploring the present-day southwestern United States for the fabled seven cities of gold, called CIBOLA.  At around the same time, HERNANDO DE SOTO explored what is now South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee. He too was looking for GOLD.
  9. 9. Juan Ponce de Leon
  10. 10. St. Augustine, Florida
  11. 11. St. Augustine, Florida
  12. 12. Francisco Coronado
  13. 13. Hernando de Soto
  14. 14. Borderland Missions  SPANISH priests established missions throughout the lands they claimed in what is now the United States.  Missions provided HELP and SERVICES to Native Americans. In return, the Native Americans were expected to adopt the CATHOLIC religion.  Some Native Americans welcomed the missions. Others, however, did not like the idea of giving up their own religious BELIEFS and TRADITIONS. These Native Americans fought against the missionaries.  Meanwhile, Spanish soldiers set up military posts in what is now CALIFORNIA to keep the Russians in the Northwest from settling there.
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