WH Chapter 1 Section 1 Notes

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WH Chapter 1 Section 1 Notes

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1 Section 1
  2. 2. UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST  Austen Layard dug up statues in Iraq in 1845 that were from the Assyrian civilization--- statues that were 3,000 years old  Geography---the study of people, their environments, and their available resources  Five important themes sum up the impact of geography on the human story---location, place, movement, region, and human- environment interaction
  3. 3. LOCATION  Location tells us where a place is on the Earth’s surface  Latitude---measures distances north or south of the Equator  Longitude---measures distances east or west of the Prime Meridian
  4. 4. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE
  5. 5. PLACE  Geographers describe places in terms of their physical features and human characteristics  Physical features of a place can include: landforms, bodies of water, climate, soil quality, resources, and plant and animal life  Human characteristics include: where most people live, economic activities, religious beliefs, and languages
  6. 6. HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION  People interact with the environment (Common Sense!!!)  Examples---using river water to irrigate crops, cutting down trees for farmland, canals and roads
  7. 7. MOVEMENT  In early times, people followed herds of animals on which they depended on for food  In more recent times, people have migrated from rural areas into cities in search of jobs  In both ancient times and today, traders carry goods from one part of the Earth to the other and people such as settlers carry ideas
  8. 8. REGION  Geographers divide the world into many types of regions  Regions can be defined based on location (the Middle East),or by political, economic, or cultural features
  9. 9. PREHISTORY  Prehistory is the period of time before writing (think about it logically---without writing anything down there was no records of anything humans did before they learned to write)  Prehistoric people DID NOT HAVE: cities, countries, governments, or complex inventions
  10. 10. ANTHROPOLOGY AND CULTURE  Anthropology---the study of the origins and development of people and their societies  Culture---the way of life of a society handed down from generation to generation
  11. 11. ARCHAEOLOGY  Archaeology---the study of past people and cultures
  12. 12. TECHNOLOGY  Technology---the skills and tools used to meet basic needs
  13. 13. EXAMPLES OF SCIENTISTS WHO HELP OUT ARCHAEOLOGISTS  Geologists, botanists, zoologists, biologists, chemists, climate experts
  14. 14. HISTORIANS  Historians---study how people lived in the past  What historians do you know?

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