Chapter 4 Section 1 Notes

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  • 1. Section 1 Notes
  • 2. Strangers on the Coast  The Spanish conquistador HERNAN CORTES landed on the Yucatan Peninsula in what is now MEXICO in 1519. He and his crew of more than 600 soldiers had come to find RICHES and to claim the land for SPAIN.  Through the MAYAN people who greeted him, CORTES learned of the mighty AZTEC empire.  Before marching off to find the AZTECS, CORTES claimed MEXICO for SPAIN and the ROMAN CATHOLIC church.
  • 3. Hernan Cortes
  • 4. Yucatan Peninsula
  • 5. Cortes in Tenochtitlan  CORTES and his troops arrived at the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan in November 1519.  The Aztec ruler, MONTEZUMA, tried to appease the Spanish by giving them GOLD. However, the Spanish wanted more GOLD, and fighting soon broke out between the two groups.  The Aztec fought hard, but many of them soon fell to European DISEASES such as SMALLPOX and MEASLES.  Cortes conquered the Aztecs in 1521. He destroyed Tenochtitlan and ordered that a new city, MEXICO CITY, be built on the site.
  • 6. Montezuma
  • 7. Tenochtitlan
  • 8. Pizarro and the Incas  In 1531, the Spanish conquistador FRANCISCO PIZARRO marched on the Incan Empire in South America.  By 1535, PIZARRO had conquered the empire and made it a SPANISH colony.  SOUTH AMERICA held far more gold than MEXICO, and the former Incan empire became SPAIN’S richest colony.
  • 9. Francisco Pizarro
  • 10. Incan Empire
  • 11. Machu Picchu
  • 12. Machu Picchu
  • 13. Atahualpa