TROUBLE ON THE FRONTIER; MONEY PROBLEMS
After the FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR, BRITISH
colonists sought to settle the territory won from
FRANCE. However, the BRITISH government closed
the lands to settlement due to fear of NATIVE
AMERICAN ATTACKS. The order was known as the
PROCLAMATION OF 1763. Many colonists reacted
angrily to the order.
After the war, the BRITISH government and the
colonists also clashed over the issue of MONEY. The
BRITISH wanted the colonists to HELP PAY OFF
WAR DEBT. The colonists believed that BRITAIN had
a duty to protect the colonies.
MAP OF THE PROCLAMATION OF 1763
STAMP ACT CONTROVERSY
In 1765, Parliament passed the STAMP ACT. This law
forced the colonists to PAY A SPECIAL TAX ON ITEMS
THAT WERE STAMPED. These items included
NEWSPAPERS, PLAYING CARDS, and LEGAL
The colonists claimed that as BRITISH citizens, they
could be taxed only by a BODY THAT REPRESENTED
THEM. Since they had no representation in Parliament,
they accused the BRITISH government of violating the
notion of NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION.
The colonists BOYCOTTED numerous stamped items
and formed the STAMP ACT CONGRESS to protest the
In 1766, Parliament repealed the STAMP ACT.
MORE CONFLICTS WITH PARLIAMENT; TALK OF
In 1767, Parliament passed the TOWNSHEND
ACTS. These acts placed import taxes on numerous
items including PAINT, PAPER, and TEA. The act
also allowed BRITISH officials to freely search
COLONISTS’ PROPERTY FOR SMUGGLED
The colonists responded by BOYCOTTING many
In March 1770, a group of colonists and BRITISH
soldiers clashed on the streets of BOSTON. Five
people were killed, and the incident became known
as the BOSTON MASSACRE.
THE CONFLICT INCREASES
In 1772, as the crisis with the BRITISH grew, colonial
leaders organized COMMITTEES OF
CORRESPONDENCE. These groups worked as a
network for passing along news of important events.
In 1773, the BRITISH government pass the TEA ACT. The
act gave the EAST INDIA COMPANY exclusive rights to
sell TEA to the American colonies. As a result, colonial
TEA merchants were cut out of business.
In the fall of 1773, a group of colonists crept onto a ship in
BOSTON HARBOR loaded with East India TEA. The
colonists dumped the tea into the water to protest the TEA
ACT. Their action became known as the BOSTON TEA