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Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes
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Chapter 7 Section 2 Notes

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  • 1. Section 2 Notes The French and Indian War
  • 2. While BRITAIN and FRANCE held most of the land in NORTH AMERICA by the mid- 1700s, RUSSIA and SPAIN also claimed holdings there. RUSSIA held land in what is today ALASKA. SPAIN claimed the land that is now FLORIDA and parts of the SOUTHWEST.
  • 3.  The clash over NORTH AMERICAN territory between FRANCE and GREAT BRITAIN began in the OHIO VALLEY, which both nations claimed as theirs.  As the two nations moved closer to war, NATIVE AMERICANS took sides. Most NATIVE AMERICANS had developed a good relationship with the FRENCH and thus joined their side. However, the powerful IROQUOIS sided with the BRITISH.
  • 4.  In 1753, the FRENCH clashed with the Virginia MILITIA, led by GEORGE WASHINGTON, over territory in the OHIO VALLEY. This conflict became known as the FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR.  The fighting was part of a larger conflict known as the SEVEN YEARS’ WAR, which was fought in EUROPE and ASIA as well as NORTH AMERICA.  As the war began, the COLONISTS gathered to create a unified plan of action. It was known as the ALBANY PLAN OF UNION. In the end, however, the 13 colonial assemblies REJECTED the plan. Each COLONY wanted to make its own MILITARY DECISIONS.
  • 5. The FRENCH won the early battles. However, under the leadership of WILLIAM PITT, the BRITISH and colonial armies began to turn the tide. In 1759, the BRITISH captured the city of QUEBEC. This cut off FRENCH supplies and weakened NEW FRANCE. In 1760, the BRITISH captured MONTREAL, another key FRENCH city. With this victory, the war ENDED.
  • 6.  In 1763, the BRITISH and FRENCH officially ended the war by signing the TREATY OF PARIS.  As a result of the treaty, BRITAIN took over much of FRANCE’S NORTH AMERICAN TERRITORY.  SPAIN, which had sided with the FRENCH, had to give FLORIDA to the BRITISH. To repay SPAIN for its losses, FRANCE transferred the LOUISIANA TERRITORY, including NEW ORLEANS, to SPAIN.

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