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Chapter 7 Section 1 Notes
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Chapter 7 Section 1 Notes

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Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. Section 1 Notes
  • 2.  Over time, a class structure formed in the colonies:  Gentry---HIGHEST SOCIAL CLASS (CHURCH OFFICIALS, WEALTHY LANDOWNERS, PLANTERS, MOST SUCCESSFUL MERCHANTS)  Middle Class---SKILLED ARTISANS, PROFESSIONALS, SHOPKEEPERS  Farmers and unskilled laborers  Indentured servants and slave workers  American COLONIAL society was unique in that most people had the OPPORTUNITY to move to a HIGHER social class
  • 3.  During the 1730s and 1740s, a movement known as the GREAT AWAKENING swept through the colonies. It was characterized by a REVIVAL, OR RENEWED INTEREST, IN RELIGION  The GREAT AWAKENING affected the way the colonists viewed their society. They saw each other not as MEMBERS OF DIFFERENT CLASSES but as a larger, united group.
  • 4.  In addition to the GREAT AWAKENING, a movement known as the ENGLIGHTENMENT swept through the colonies during the mid- 1700s. It stressed the use of LOGIC AND REASON in both SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIAL MATTERS.  An important ENLIGHTENMENT thinker was the English writer JOHN LOCKE. LOCKE stressed that a government’s sole purpose was to protect PEOPLE’S NATURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING LIFE, LIBERTY, AND OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY.  The ENLIGHTENMENT was marked by respect for science and a curiosity about the laws that governed the natural world. One of the more notable American scientists was BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.
  • 5.  American LITERATURE developed throughout the 1700s. Influential colonial writers included two women poets: ANNE BRADSTREET and PHILLIS WHEATLEY, an African-American.  NEWSPAPERS were widely read in the colonies. Because many NEWSPAPERS carried political opinions, they helped to raise the colonists’ AWARENESS OF POLITICAL ISSUES.
  • 6.  Throughout the 1700s, the COLONISTS made great improvements to their ROAD SYSTEMS AND MAIL SYSTEM.  Such improvements made it easier for the colonists to spread INFORMATION AND NEW IDEAS to each other more quickly.

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