PURITANS were members of England’s
ANGLICAN CHURCH who wanted to “purify”
the church by getting rid of all ROMAN
CATHOLIC influences. Some PURITANS
wanted to leave the church and worship by
themselves. They were known as
Persecuted for their beliefs, the SEPARATISTS
sought to leave England and move to
America. Thus they called themselves
PILGRIMS, or travelers with a religious cause.
In 1620, the PILGRIMS arrived in their
ship, the MAYFLOWER, at the coast of
Before going ashore, the PILGRIMS signed a
document setting up a form of self-
government and agreeing to obey the laws
passed by the majority. The pact became
known as the MAYFLOWER COMPACT.
The PILGRIMS founded a colony called
PLYMOUTH. The colony struggled during the
first winter, and many colonists died.
The local NATIVE AMERICANS helped the
Plymouth colony to survive. They taught the
colonists how to HUNT and PLANT CROPS.
The colonists showed their appreciation to
the NATIVE AMERICANS by inviting them to
share in a large feast after the harvest of
1621. This is thought to be the first
Plymouth remained a POOR community.
However, the PILGRIMS were more concerned
about establishing a CHRISTIAN community.