Chapter 12 Section 4
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Chapter 12 Section 4

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Chapter 12 Section 4 Chapter 12 Section 4 Presentation Transcript

  • Section 4 Notes
  •  Although the French settled Canada, Britain controlled it as a colony since 1763. In 1791, Britain DIVIDED Canada into TWO PARTS. UPPER CANADA included mostly ENGLISH-SPEAKING PEOPLE. Mostly FRENCH-SPEAKING PEOPLE lived in LOWER CANADA.  In the 1800s, however, CANADIANS UNITED and REBELLED against British rule. Responding to the rebellion, Parliament agreed to unite Upper and Lower Canada and allow Canadians to control local affairs. CANADA gained greater freedom over the years and eventually became a NATION.
  •  By 1818, the UNITED STATES and SPAIN had moved close to war over the Spanish-held territory of FLORIDA. The UNITED STATES wanted to take control of Florida in order to keep Native Americans and enslaved Africans from seeking refuge there.  SPAIN had little interest in trying to hold onto the region. In 1819, SPAIN ceded FLORIDA to the UNITED STATES in the ADAMS-ONIS TREATY.  Throughout the early 1800s, SPAIN was forced to give up other lands in the Western Hemisphere. During this time, many LATIN AMERICAN COLONIES REVOLTED against the SPANISH and declared their INDEPENDENCE.  MEXICO won its FREEDOM from SPAIN in 1821. By 1825, SPAIN HAD LOST ALL OF ITS COLONIES IN LATIN AMERICA EXCEPT PUERTO RICO AND CUBA.
  •  Soon after losing their Latin American colonies, SPAIN and other EUROPEAN NATIONS plotted to recapture them.  U.S. leaders OPPOSED such plans, declaring that Europeans no longer had a right to intervene in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.  In 1823, President Monroe made this position official by issuing the MONROE DOCTRINE. The doctrine declared that EUROPEANS WERE NOT TO COLONIZE OR OTHERWISE INTERFERE WITH NATIONS IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. In return, the United States PROMISED THAT IT WOULD STAY OUT OF EUROPEAN AFFAIRS.  GREAT BRITAIN supported the doctrine and offered to support the United States with its powerful navy. Many European nations were surprised at Monroe’s boldness. However, they did not want to challenge the United States---and the British navy.  The doctrine was PRAISED in the United States. To many citizens, it demonstrated the NATION’S GROWING INDEPENDENCE AND MIGHT.