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Chapter 11 Section 1
Chapter 11 Section 1
Chapter 11 Section 1
Chapter 11 Section 1
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Chapter 11 Section 1

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  • 1. Section 1 Notes Chapter 11
  • 2. The Jeffersonian “Revolution”; Simplifying Government  JEFFERSON wanted to limit the power of the federal government. He believed in STATES’RIGHTS and rule by the MAJORITY. As President, JEFFERSON advocated a hands-off policy called LAISSEZ- FAIRE, a French term meaning “LET PEOPLE DO AS THEY CHOOSE.”  JEFFERSON also sought to cut the federal budget and lower TAXES. He simplified government and cut MILITARY spending. He also repealed all EXCISE TAXES. As a result, the federal government’s only source of revenue was from TARIFFS on imports and revenue from the sale of WESTERN lands.  JEFFERSON also chose not to renew the ALIEN AND SEDITION ACTS which expired in 1801.
  • 3. Conflict with the Judicial Branch  Before JEFFERSON and his party, now known as the REPUBLICANS, took over the federal government, outgoing President JOHN ADAMS packed the courts with judges who were members of the FEDERALIST PARTY.  The REPUBLICANS opposed this move. Once in office, they tried to IMPEACH many of the FEDERALIST judges. However, they failed to remove many judges.
  • 4. A Stronger Supreme Court  In case of MARBURY V. MADISON, the Supreme Court claimed that it could declare a law passed by Congress to be UNCONSTITUTIONAL. This power is called JUDICIAL REVIEW.  From then on, the Supreme Court could use the power of JUDICIAL REVIEW as a check against the other branches of government. This gave the Supreme Court more power than it had ever had.

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