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Chapter 10
Section 3 Notes
Dividing into Parties
 A POLITICAL PARTY is a group of people with
similar ideas and beliefs about government.
 The youn...
Alexander Hamilton
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
Conflicting Party Viewpoints
 FEDERALISTS represented mainly the interests of WEALTHY
Americans. Much of their support wa...
Politics Dominate the Election of 1796
 For the first time, POLITICAL PARTIES chose the
candidates for the presidential e...
John Adams
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Chapter 10 Section 3

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Transcript of "Chapter 10 Section 3"

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Section 3 Notes
  2. 2. Dividing into Parties  A POLITICAL PARTY is a group of people with similar ideas and beliefs about government.  The young UNITED STATES soon divided into TWO political parties. Those who favored a strong federal government were known as the FEDERALISTS. This group was led by ALEXANDER HAMILTON.  Those who favored great power for the citizens and states were known as DEMOCRATIC- REPUBLICANS. The group’s leaders were THOMAS JEFFERSON and JAMES MADISON.
  3. 3. Alexander Hamilton
  4. 4. Thomas Jefferson
  5. 5. James Madison
  6. 6. Conflicting Party Viewpoints  FEDERALISTS represented mainly the interests of WEALTHY Americans. Much of their support was found in the LARGE CITIES OF THE NORTHEAST.  The FEDERALISTS wanted to interpret the Constitution to give the federal government more power. This is called following a LOOSE CONSTRUCTION of the Constitution.  DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS favored the interests of ARTISANS AND SMALL FARMERS. They drew much of their support from the SOUTH.  DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS believed in limiting the authority of the federal government to the powers specifically granted to it in the Constitution. This is called a STRICT CONSTRUCTION of the Constitution.  The political parties used various means to convey their viewpoints, including SPONSORING NEWSPAPERS that followed their viewpoints.
  7. 7. Politics Dominate the Election of 1796  For the first time, POLITICAL PARTIES chose the candidates for the presidential election of 1796. The FEDERALISTS supported JOHN ADAMS for President. The DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS backed THOMAS JEFFERSON.  JOHN ADAMS received the highest number of electoral votes and became President. THOMAS JEFFERSON, who received the second-highest number of votes, became VICE PRESIDENT.  This outcome meant the President and Vice President were from OPPOSING political parties.
  8. 8. John Adams
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