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Chapter 10 Section 2
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Chapter 10 Section 2



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  • 1. Section 2 Notes
  • 2.  Despite BRITAIN’S pledge as part of the TREATY OF PARIS to leave North America, the British still occupied forts in the OHIO VALLEY and GREAT LAKES region in the 1790s.  The BRITISH befriended and supported the region’s NATIVE AMERICANS who fought with colonial settlers.  In 1794, colonial troops defeated a group of NATIVE AMERICANS at the BATTLE OF FALLEN TIMBERS in present-day OHIO. As a result, NATIVE AMERICAN resistance in the Ohio Valley all but disappeared.  SPAIN, which held the LOUISIANA TERRITORY, also made trouble for Western settlers who used the MISSISSIPPI RIVER for trade. Meanwhile, PIRATES from North Africa harassed American trade ships in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 3.  In 1789, a revolution broke out in FRANCE. In 1793, GREAT BRITAIN and other nations declared war on FRANCE’S revolutionary government. The UNITED STATES took a position of neutrality in the matter.  Both GREAT BRITAIN and FRANCE ignored AMERICA’S neutrality and seized hundreds of AMERICAN ships. The BRITISH also impressed, or kidnapped, AMERICAN sailors to serve in the BRITISH navy.
  • 4.  In 1794, the UNITED STATES and GREAT BRITAIN signed the JAY TREATY---named after Chief Justice John Jay, who led the treaty negotiations.  Under the treaty, BRITAIN agreed to withdraw from its forts in the NORTHWEST TERRITORY and allow American ships to trade in the BRITISH WEST INDIES.  Many Americans voiced OPPOSITION to the treaty. They were angry that the BRITISH had not promised to stop seizing American ships or kidnapping American sailors.  In 1795, the UNITED STATES and SPAIN signed PICKNEY’S TREATY, named after American envoy Thomas Pickney. Under the treaty, SPAIN allowed American ships to use the lower Mississippi and to trade through the port of NEW ORLEANS.
  • 5.  WASHINGTON decided to step down as President after TWO terms.  In his farewell address, WASHINGTON told the nation to avoid getting too involved in FOREIGN AFFAIRS. He also warned against the development of DIVISIVE POLITICAL PARTIES and rivalries between the NORTHERN AND SOUTHERN interests in the country.