China: Threat to US National Security


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  • Aside from the fact that each American next year will chip in more than $800 just to pay interest on this debt, that situation means America's government is dependent on the largesse of foreign creditors and subject to the whims of international financial markets. A foreign government, through the actions of its central bank, could put pressure on the U.S. in a way its military never could. Even under a more benign scenario, a debt-ridden U.S. is vulnerable to a run on the American dollar that begins abroad.Either way, Mr. Haass says, "it reduces our independence."
  • A lot of the deficit is being financed by China, which is selling the U.S. many billions of dollars of manufactured goods, then lending the accumulated dollars back to the U.S. The IOUs are stacking up in Beijing.So far this has been a mutually beneficial arrangement, but it is slowly increasing Chinese leverage over American consumers and the American government. At some point, the U.S. may have to bend its policies before either an implicit or explicit Chinese threat to stop the merry-go-round.Just this weekend, for example, the U.S. angered China by agreeing to sell Taiwan $6.4 billion in arms. At some point, will the U.S. face economic servitude to China that would make such a policy decision impossible?
  • Staggering as the defense outlays are, the deficit is twice as large. The much smaller budgets for the rest of America's international operations—diplomacy, assistance for friendly nations—are dwarfed even more dramatically by the deficit.These national-security budgets have been largely sacrosanct in the era of terrorism. But unless the deficit arc changes, at some point they will come under pressure for cuts.
  • 2025 China will acquire 14 thousand barrels of oil per day
  • China: Threat to US National Security

    1. 1. The Threat From The Far East: China<br />By: Andrew<br />
    2. 2. Agenda<br />Background<br />Threats (3 pronged)<br />COA’s<br />Questions<br />
    3. 3. China Facts<br /><ul><li>World’s 4th largest country
    4. 4. Largest population 1,336,000,000
    5. 5. Natural Resources
    6. 6. Nuclear power</li></li></ul><li>Beijing Regime<br /><ul><li>Stability
    7. 7. Tiananmen Square in 1989
    8. 8. Restrict media
    9. 9. 250,000 in re-education camps
    10. 10. Execute more than all countries combined
    11. 11. Torture</li></li></ul><li>China’s Perspective<br /><ul><li>U.S. aggressive hegemon
    12. 12. Enemy mingling in internal affairs for “human rights”
    13. 13. Xenophobic
    14. 14. Temporarily useful</li></li></ul><li>China’s Goals<br /><ul><li>Regional hegemony
    15. 15. Superpower status </li></li></ul><li>America’s Goal<br /><ul><li>Maintain the status quo and superpower status</li></li></ul><li>Conflict is inevitable<br />
    16. 16. Henry Kissinger <br />“Once China becomes strong enough to stand alone, it might discard us. A little later it might even turn against us, if its perception of its interest requires it” <br />
    17. 17. Threats<br /><ul><li>Strategic in nature (10-15 years)
    18. 18. 3 pronged</li></li></ul><li>
    19. 19. Economic<br /><ul><li>U.S debt over $ 14 trillion
    20. 20. $ 4 billion per day
    21. 21. 1/3 $ is borrowed</li></li></ul><li>2020 $20 trillion of debt<br /><ul><li>2020 there will be $20 trillion of debt</li></li></ul><li>Where does the money come from?<br /><ul><li>Little more than half is owned by the U.S.
    22. 22. And the other debt…</li></li></ul><li>
    23. 23. <ul><li>China acquires 50% of all debt at U.S. auctions
    24. 24. More than one auction a day…</li></li></ul><li>Economic Espionage<br /><ul><li>U.S. is the world’s technological leader
    25. 25. Chinese intelligence agencies have 2 million spies
    26. 26. Currently 500 ongoing investigations
    27. 27. $250 Billion </li></li></ul><li>Economic Espionage<br /><ul><li>Well placed scientists
    28. 28. Students</li></li></ul><li>What Did They Take?<br /><ul><li>Taiwan weapon sales
    29. 29. American rockets, submarines, navy ships, aircrafts and space shuttles </li></li></ul><li>Why is this a Threat?<br /><ul><li>America vulnerable to foreign pressures
    30. 30. Loss of independence</li></li></ul><li>Why is this a Threat?<br /><ul><li>Chinese power is growing as a result
    31. 31. Gives China leverage</li></li></ul><li>Why is this a Threat?<br /><ul><li>Defense spending put at risk
    32. 32. Cuts discretionary budget
    33. 33. Military
    34. 34. Education
    35. 35. Foreign aid</li></li></ul><li>Why is this a Threat?<br /><ul><li>The American model is being undermined before the rest of the world</li></li></ul><li>Military<br /><ul><li>China is increasing military spending
    36. 36. They face no threats</li></li></ul><li>Military<br />
    37. 37. Military White Paper (2011)<br /><ul><li>The U.S. is reinforcing military alliances and getting more involved in regional affairs
    38. 38. "The United States continues to sell weapons to Taiwan, severely impeding Sino-US relations”</li></li></ul><li>China Assessment of U.S.<br /><ul><li>Used over 90 Satellites in Iraq
    39. 39. Over reliance of technology
    40. 40. Coordination</li></li></ul><li>China’s Military<br /><ul><li>Anti-satellite weapons</li></li></ul><li>China’s Military<br /><ul><li>China’s offensive use of technology
    41. 41. Hacking DOD, power grid
    42. 42. “Electronic dominance”
    43. 43. Shut down a carrier group</li></li></ul><li>China’s Military<br /><ul><li>Offensive naval capabilities
    44. 44. Region’s leading Navy
    45. 45. 15 years more nuclear subs than U.S.
    46. 46. Aircraft carrier</li></li></ul><li>China’s Military<br /><ul><li>J-20 stealth jet fighter
    47. 47. Maiden flight during Defense Secretary Gates’ visit</li></li></ul><li>What it means<br /><ul><li>They are competing with the U.S.
    48. 48. Taiwan, Korea (Asia influence)
    49. 49. 2005 passed anti-secession law (authorizing force)</li></li></ul><li>Competition Over Natural Resources <br /><ul><li>Oil is limited
    50. 50. Competition is growing
    51. 51. Raising prices</li></li></ul><li>
    52. 52. Competition Over Natural Resources<br /><ul><li>Turning to Africa and beyond
    53. 53. Proxy Wars
    54. 54. U.S. arms Nigeria and Angola
    55. 55. China is aiding government forces in Sudan and Zimbabwe</li></li></ul><li>U.S. Oil Imports<br />
    56. 56. COA:1<br /><ul><li>Balanced Budget Amendment </li></ul>-Cut entitlement programs<br />-Reform corporate tax law <br /><ul><li>Increased counterintelligence funding/ hold corporations accountable
    57. 57. Increase collection on Chinese mil. capabilities/ secure infrastructure
    58. 58. Develop alternative fuels w/China</li></li></ul><li>COA:2<br /><ul><li>Raise taxes</li></ul>-Cut discretionary funding<br /><ul><li>No Chinese students
    59. 59. Enter into arms race
    60. 60. Covert action (support unrest)
    61. 61. Cold War with China</li></li></ul><li>COA:3<br /><ul><li>Increase relations with China
    62. 62. Increase trade
    63. 63. Support China’s acquisition of Taiwan
    64. 64. Let the free market determine natural resource allocation</li></li></ul><li>COA:1 (Recommended)<br /><ul><li>Balanced Budget Amendment </li></ul>-Cut entitlement programs<br />-Reform corporate tax law <br /><ul><li>Increased counterintelligence funding/ hold corporations accountable
    65. 65. Increase collection on Chinese mil. capabilities/ secure infrastructure
    66. 66. Develop alternative fuels w/China</li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><ul><li>Bernstein, Richard and Ross H. Munro. 1998. The Coming Conflict With China. New York: Vintage Books.
    67. 67. Babbin, Jed, and Edward Timperlake. 2006. Showdown: Why China Wants War With The United States. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing Inc.
    68. 68. Dorn, James A. 2008. "The Debt Threat: A Risk to U.S.-China Relations?" Brown Journal of World Affairs 14, no. 2: 151-164. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost.
    69. 69. Newman, Alex. 2010. "Chinese Spying in the United States." New American (08856540) 26, no. 10: 31-34. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost.</li></li></ul><li>Sources<br /><br /><br />Janes<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />