China: Threat to US National Security
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China: Threat to US National Security

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  • Aside from the fact that each American next year will chip in more than $800 just to pay interest on this debt, that situation means America's government is dependent on the largesse of foreign creditors and subject to the whims of international financial markets. A foreign government, through the actions of its central bank, could put pressure on the U.S. in a way its military never could. Even under a more benign scenario, a debt-ridden U.S. is vulnerable to a run on the American dollar that begins abroad.Either way, Mr. Haass says, "it reduces our independence."
  • A lot of the deficit is being financed by China, which is selling the U.S. many billions of dollars of manufactured goods, then lending the accumulated dollars back to the U.S. The IOUs are stacking up in Beijing.So far this has been a mutually beneficial arrangement, but it is slowly increasing Chinese leverage over American consumers and the American government. At some point, the U.S. may have to bend its policies before either an implicit or explicit Chinese threat to stop the merry-go-round.Just this weekend, for example, the U.S. angered China by agreeing to sell Taiwan $6.4 billion in arms. At some point, will the U.S. face economic servitude to China that would make such a policy decision impossible?
  • Staggering as the defense outlays are, the deficit is twice as large. The much smaller budgets for the rest of America's international operations—diplomacy, assistance for friendly nations—are dwarfed even more dramatically by the deficit.These national-security budgets have been largely sacrosanct in the era of terrorism. But unless the deficit arc changes, at some point they will come under pressure for cuts.
  • 2025 China will acquire 14 thousand barrels of oil per day

China: Threat to US National Security China: Threat to US National Security Presentation Transcript

  • The Threat From The Far East: China
    By: Andrew
  • Agenda
    Background
    Threats (3 pronged)
    COA’s
    Questions
  • China Facts
    • World’s 4th largest country
    • Largest population 1,336,000,000
    • Natural Resources
    • Nuclear power
  • Beijing Regime
    • Stability
    • Tiananmen Square in 1989
    • Restrict media
    • 250,000 in re-education camps
    • Execute more than all countries combined
    • Torture
  • China’s Perspective
    • U.S. aggressive hegemon
    • Enemy mingling in internal affairs for “human rights”
    • Xenophobic
    • Temporarily useful
  • China’s Goals
    • Regional hegemony
    • Superpower status
  • America’s Goal
    • Maintain the status quo and superpower status
  • Conflict is inevitable
  • Henry Kissinger
    “Once China becomes strong enough to stand alone, it might discard us. A little later it might even turn against us, if its perception of its interest requires it”
  • Threats
    • Strategic in nature (10-15 years)
    • 3 pronged
  • Economic
    • U.S debt over $ 14 trillion
    • $ 4 billion per day
    • 1/3 $ is borrowed
  • 2020 $20 trillion of debt
    • 2020 there will be $20 trillion of debt
  • Where does the money come from?
    • Little more than half is owned by the U.S.
    • And the other debt…
    • China acquires 50% of all debt at U.S. auctions
    • More than one auction a day…
  • Economic Espionage
    • U.S. is the world’s technological leader
    • Chinese intelligence agencies have 2 million spies
    • Currently 500 ongoing investigations
    • $250 Billion
  • Economic Espionage
    • Well placed scientists
    • Students
  • What Did They Take?
    • Taiwan weapon sales
    • American rockets, submarines, navy ships, aircrafts and space shuttles
  • Why is this a Threat?
    • America vulnerable to foreign pressures
    • Loss of independence
  • Why is this a Threat?
    • Chinese power is growing as a result
    • Gives China leverage
  • Why is this a Threat?
    • Defense spending put at risk
    • Cuts discretionary budget
    • Military
    • Education
    • Foreign aid
  • Why is this a Threat?
    • The American model is being undermined before the rest of the world
  • Military
    • China is increasing military spending
    • They face no threats
  • Military
  • Military White Paper (2011)
    • The U.S. is reinforcing military alliances and getting more involved in regional affairs
    • "The United States continues to sell weapons to Taiwan, severely impeding Sino-US relations”
  • China Assessment of U.S.
    • Used over 90 Satellites in Iraq
    • Over reliance of technology
    • Coordination
  • China’s Military
    • Anti-satellite weapons
  • China’s Military
    • China’s offensive use of technology
    • Hacking DOD, power grid
    • “Electronic dominance”
    • Shut down a carrier group
  • China’s Military
    • Offensive naval capabilities
    • Region’s leading Navy
    • 15 years more nuclear subs than U.S.
    • Aircraft carrier
  • China’s Military
    • J-20 stealth jet fighter
    • Maiden flight during Defense Secretary Gates’ visit
  • What it means
    • They are competing with the U.S.
    • Taiwan, Korea (Asia influence)
    • 2005 passed anti-secession law (authorizing force)
  • Competition Over Natural Resources
    • Oil is limited
    • Competition is growing
    • Raising prices
  • Competition Over Natural Resources
    • Turning to Africa and beyond
    • Proxy Wars
    • U.S. arms Nigeria and Angola
    • China is aiding government forces in Sudan and Zimbabwe
  • U.S. Oil Imports
  • COA:1
    • Balanced Budget Amendment
    -Cut entitlement programs
    -Reform corporate tax law
    • Increased counterintelligence funding/ hold corporations accountable
    • Increase collection on Chinese mil. capabilities/ secure infrastructure
    • Develop alternative fuels w/China
  • COA:2
    • Raise taxes
    -Cut discretionary funding
    • No Chinese students
    • Enter into arms race
    • Covert action (support unrest)
    • Cold War with China
  • COA:3
    • Increase relations with China
    • Increase trade
    • Support China’s acquisition of Taiwan
    • Let the free market determine natural resource allocation
  • COA:1 (Recommended)
    • Balanced Budget Amendment
    -Cut entitlement programs
    -Reform corporate tax law
    • Increased counterintelligence funding/ hold corporations accountable
    • Increase collection on Chinese mil. capabilities/ secure infrastructure
    • Develop alternative fuels w/China
  • Sources
    • Bernstein, Richard and Ross H. Munro. 1998. The Coming Conflict With China. New York: Vintage Books.
    • Babbin, Jed, and Edward Timperlake. 2006. Showdown: Why China Wants War With The United States. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing Inc.
    • Dorn, James A. 2008. "The Debt Threat: A Risk to U.S.-China Relations?" Brown Journal of World Affairs 14, no. 2: 151-164. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost.
    • Newman, Alex. 2010. "Chinese Spying in the United States." New American (08856540) 26, no. 10: 31-34. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost.
  • Sources
    http://blog.jonudell.net/2008/11/09/where-the-oil-comes-from-not-from-where-i-thought/
    http://www.jmhinternational.com/news/news/selectednews/files/2008/05/20080501_Nation_%20TheNewGeopoliticsOfEnergy.pdf
    Janes
    http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=3&hid=126&sid=520c58b7-00f5-403a-9cd6-3ffa9b0636d1%40sessionmgr110
    http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703422904575039173633482894.html
    http://www.defeatthedebt.com/understanding-the-national-debt/how-much-do-we-owe/
    http://useconomy.about.com/od/fiscalpolicy/p/US_Debt.htm
    http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/
    http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA519892&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2011/jan/18/us-federal-deficit-china-america-debt
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12917338
    http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/01/11/us-china-defence-fighter-idUSTRE70A19B20110111