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If OMB Circular A-119 directs the Federal government to use voluntary consensus standards, then why does the FGDC develop standards?
Functional relationships IETF / W3C IT Infrastructure FGDC Thematic data standards OGC Interface and Encoding De Facto De Jure Domain Infrastructure ISO/TC 211 Conceptual modeling Data spec methodologies
Defines a voluntary consensus standards body by the following attributes:
Balance of interest
An appeals process
Consensus , which is defined as general agreement, but not necessarily unanimity , and includes a process for attempting to resolve objections by interested parties, as long as all comments have been fairly considered, each objector is advised of the disposition of his or her objection(s) and the reasons why, and the consensus body members are given an opportunity to change their votes after reviewing the comments.
Limits WTO member‘s regulatory flexibility by the requirement that technical regulations “are not prepared, adopted or applied with a view to, or with the effect of, creating unnecessary obstacles to trade.”
Encourages members to use international standards for national regulations, unless “their use would be ineffective or inappropriate” to fulfill a given policy objective.
Encourages members to participate in the work of international bodies for the preparation of standards and guides or recommendations for conformity assessment procedures.
Chapter Nine: Standards-Related Measures, of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Prohibits standards-related measures that create an unnecessary obstacle to trade between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.
Directs the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to use international standards, except where these standards are ineffective or inappropriate for fulfilling legitimate objectives, due to particular climatic, geographical, technological or infrastructural factors, and scientific justification.
Permits the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to adopt, maintain, or apply measures that result in a higher level of protection than with an international standard.
FGDC Standards Process From FGDC Standards process, http:// www.fgdc.gov /standards/process FGDC Steering Committee 12 – Endorsement FINAL CG 11 - Approve Standard for Endorsement SWG 10 - Evaluate Responsiveness to Public Comments Standards Development Group 9 - Respond to Public Comments FGDC Secretariat 8 - Coordinate Public Review FGDC Coordination Group (CG) 7 - Approve Standard for Public Review SWG 6 - Review and Evaluate Committee Draft REVIEW SC/WG 5 - Review Working Draft Standards Development Group 4 - Produce Working Draft DRAFT FGDC Subcommittee or Working Group (SC/WG) 3 - Set Up Project PROJECT SWG 2 - Review Proposal FGDC Standards Working Group (SWG) 1- Develop Proposal PROPOSAL CUSTODIAN STEP STAGE
FGDC Standards Process From FGDC Standards Reference Model, http://www.fgdc.gov/standards/refmod97.pdf Recommendation Final draft standard Recommendation final draft standard Comment document Draft standard Public comments Draft standard Active proposal Step 4 – Produce working draft Step 1 – Develop proposal Step 2 – Review proposal Proposal Step 3 – Set-up project Project Step 5 – Review working draft Working draft Step 6 – Review and evaluate committee draft Committee draft Step 7 – Review and evaluate committee draft Step 8 – Coordinate public review Committee draft Step 9 – Respond to public comments Step 10 – Evaluate responsiveness to public comments Step 11 – Approve standard for endorsement Step 12 – Endorsement Proposal Draft Standard
Data Reference Model (DRM) – defines the data/information concepts, structures, definitions, and values or enumerations required by the BRM in the context of the TRM
Technical Reference Model (TRM) –identifies and describes the technology (components, interfaces) used to achieve the BRM
FEA Reference Models Business Ref Model What do you do? What are the Requirements? How often? Who are the users? Data Ref Model What information does the process need? How is it structured? What is its quality? Where is it located? Service Component Ref Model How can access to the data+processes be exposed for re-use across the enterprise? Performance Ref Model How can success be measured? What are the outcomes and products? What are the costs? Technology Ref Model What standards can be leveraged to maximize re-use and minimize development/acquisition costs?
Effort of FGDC Geospatial Applications & Interoperability (GAI) Working Group (now inactive)
Last version: Version 1.1, December 2003
“ Instantiated” ISO 10746 computational and informational viewpoints for
Data and data access: features, coverages
Metadata and catalog access
Maps and visualization
Geospatial reference systems
Geoprocessing services: general, coordinate transformation, gazetteer, other
Viewpoints and levels of abstraction Content Behavior Abstract models ("what") Encoding Interface Implementation specifications ("how") Information Transfer Service Invocation Information Viewpoint Computation Viewpoint
Metadata and catalog access Information Viewpoint Computation Viewpoint Content: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata ISO 19115:2003, Metadata Behavior: OGC Topic 13, [Data] Catalog Services Abstract models Encoding: ISO 19139, XML implementation of ISO 19115 Interface: OGC Catalog Interface ISO 23950 (a.k.a. ANSI Z39.50) Implementation specifications Information Transfer Service Invocation
FGDC Data Content Standard for Geospatial Metadata
ISO 19115:2003, Geographic information – Metadata
Z39.50 search protocol
Data product specifications
(Ms.) Julie Binder Maitra Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Chair, FGDC Standards Working Group International Representative, INCITS Technical Committee L1, Geographic Information Systems Email: [email_address] Phone: (703) 648 4627 GMT -5 h Web: FGDC Standards: www.fgdc.gov /standards/ INCITS L1: l1.incits.org LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/juliebindermaitra "We live in two worlds: the world that we can measure with line and rule, and the world that we feel with our hearts and imagination." - Leigh Hunt Thank you!