0
10 commandments for European consistency          on the road to 2050       Jean –Michel Glachant (Florence School)     CE...
Output
(consistent)… introduction… Consistency inside EC     2050 roadmaps by DG Climate, Move, and Energy Consistency outside...
Introduction                     EC consistency: 2050 roadmaps       DG Climate 2050 Roadmap                              ...
Presentation outline     Stakeholders1.                  Same key 2050 policy challenges?     visions     Member         C...
6 Policy Areas       What are the key 2050 policy                Examples from the visions                     challenges?...
Presentation outline     Stakeholders1.                  Same key 2050 policy challenges?     visions     Member         C...
6 Policy Areas           What are pioneer Member States doing?                         (Denmark, Finland, France, Germany,...
Presentation outline     Stakeholders1.                  Same key 2050 policy challenges?     visions     Member         C...
EU consistency policy tools:     Collected evidence  policy tools  10 commandments Three levels of involvementEU consist...
Area 1         FIRST type of EU              SECOND type of EU           THIRD type of EU-Energy        consistency       ...
Area 2-        FIRST type of EU           SECOND type of EU              THIRD type of EUGHG            consistency       ...
Area 3-        FIRST type of EU            SECOND type of EU           THIRD type of EURenewable      consistency         ...
Area 4-Energy FIRST type of EU             SECOND type of EU             THIRD type of EUinfrastructure consistency       ...
Area 5-        FIRST type of EU               SECOND type of EU            THIRD type of EUInternal       consistency     ...
Area 6-    THIRD type of EU consistencyEnergyTechnology EU-wide instrument:Promising?                                     ...
Ten priority EU-interventions to add value to member        states’ first steps on the road towards 2050Type of EU involve...
…and follow the example of pioneering member states in tracking     progress, i.e. monitoring investments and choices made...
Hathe ve a     in t lo o         er n k o    jou ati       n I a rna ona    m ed    ch l       l    ito ief-        r!!
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

10 Commandements For European Consistency On The Road To 2050 20 March 2012

82

Published on

European Union is embarked in a 2020 to 2050 energy policy journey. How could such a policy be consistent? Whar are the pitfalls to avoid? The millestones not to missed? Florence School of Regulation and the THINK project give advices to European Commission.

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
82
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "10 Commandements For European Consistency On The Road To 2050 20 March 2012"

  1. 1. 10 commandments for European consistency on the road to 2050 Jean –Michel Glachant (Florence School) CEDEC Congress in Brussels, 20 March 2012 Intervention based on THINK policy research report: Project Leader Manfred Hafner Research Coordinator Leonardo Meeus Research team Isabel Azevedo, Claudio Marcantonini, Jean-Michel Glachant Project advisors Pantelis Capros, Christian von Hirschhausen
  2. 2. Output
  3. 3. (consistent)… introduction… Consistency inside EC  2050 roadmaps by DG Climate, Move, and Energy Consistency outside EC  Collected evidence  2050 stakeholders visions: Eurelectric, EGAF, IEA, ECF, EREC-Greenpeace  2050 states strategies: Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland & UK Consistency for a European path  Our 10 recommendations for a consistent European path  “EU”: what consistency tools in today’s institutional context?  “Energy policy” 6 key challenges: EE, GHG, RE, IEM, INFRA and R&D  “THINK Path”: 10 useful EU-interventions to guide member states’ first steps on the road towards 2050
  4. 4. Introduction EC consistency: 2050 roadmaps DG Climate 2050 Roadmap DG Energy 2050 Roadmap Targets for energy consumption Targets for CO2 emissions’ reduction reduction compared to 2005 compared to 1990 32 to 40% among all sectors (p.e.) 80% within all sectors 40 to 50% within the building sector (f.e.) 88 to 91% within the building sector* Building sector stands for “Residential and Tertiary” sector 4
  5. 5. Presentation outline Stakeholders1. Same key 2050 policy challenges? visions Member Consistent 2050 approach from pioneer2. States Member States already dealing with these strategies challenges? EU policy What are then “consistency adding” EU3. consistency interventions in this 2050 context?
  6. 6. 6 Policy Areas What are the key 2050 policy Examples from the visions challenges?Energy Ambitious energy savings • Eurelectric: 20% more savings than baseline • ECF: 45% buildings emissions’ reduction due to EEefficiency • IEA: 30% of the emissions’reduction due to EE • EREC/Greenpeace: 40% more savings than baselineGHG emissions Decarbonization of the electricity • Eurelectric: highest electrification levels sector • IEA and EREC/Greenpeace: higher direct use of RESRenewable Ambitious renewable energy levels The use of RES in electricity generation ranges from • 30 (EGAF) to almost 100% (EREC/Greenpeace)energy • All inside the EU, except EREC/Greenpeace up to 60 GWEnergy Electricity grid adequacy • Eurelectric: 40% increase of interconnectionsinfrastructure (expansion and smartening of the grid) • ECF: up to 90% increase of interconnectionInternal energy Electricity supply security additional back-up capacitymarket (timely investments and system flexibility) • ECF: 170 (40% RES) to 270 (80%RES) GWR&D Technology development is a Commercial availability CCTS • Eurelectric: 2025; EGAF: 2030 precondition for most of the above • IEA: 2015-2025; ECF: 2020 challenges
  7. 7. Presentation outline Stakeholders1. Same key 2050 policy challenges? visions Member Consistent 2050 approach from pioneer2. States Member States already dealing with these strategies challenges? EU policy What are then “consistency adding” EU3. consistency interventions in this 2050 context?
  8. 8. 6 Policy Areas What are pioneer Member States doing? (Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland and UK)Energy efficiency New opportunities for cooperation with shared focus on building sector, even though approaches are currently divergingGHG emissions New risks for policy fragmentation regarding future generation technology portfolios, e.g. UK carbon floor price for electricity generation from 2013Renewable energy New risks for policy fragmentation with diverging views on relative importance renewable energy and other low carbon technologiesEnergy infrastructure New opportunities for cooperation in the development of electricity grids, and pioneering member states seem to be willing to further integrate their electricity transmission grids to enable their low- carbon energy strategiesInternal energy market New risk of market fragmentation with market reforms triggered by electricity supply concerns (UK & France)R&D New opportunities for cooperation with shared view that it is important, even though approaches are currently diverging
  9. 9. Presentation outline Stakeholders1. Same key 2050 policy challenges? visions Member Consistent 2050 approach from pioneer2. States Member States already dealing with these strategies challenges? EU policy What are then “consistency adding” EU3. consistency interventions in this 2050 context?
  10. 10. EU consistency policy tools: Collected evidence  policy tools  10 commandments Three levels of involvementEU consistency Effort-sharing Harmonization Level playing field Setting targets Framing the choice Creation of aEU role for member of measures taken EU-wide state action by member states instrumentEU policy tools 1ST TYPE 2ND TYPE 3RD TYPE
  11. 11. Area 1 FIRST type of EU SECOND type of EU THIRD type of EU-Energy consistency consistency consistencyEfficiency Binding targets: Harmonization: EU-wide instrument:Promising? - Transition cost sensitive - Not necessarily opportune to harmonize member state to achievement of energy approaches due to local character of many of the energy saving ambitions saving measures - History of indicative - But, having harmonized proven records that are targets being not comparable is important to promote spreading of good achieved practices - Increased risk of lock-in - See THINK report on smart cities (topic 2) with “wrong” long life assetsHow could it - Energy saving targets for - Harmonization of - EU-good practices’ forumbe done? 2020, and beyond measuring and reporting or register - Overall and sector tools for energy saving - EU-cities’ benchmarking specific energy savings measures
  12. 12. Area 2- FIRST type of EU SECOND type of EU THIRD type of EUGHG consistency consistency consistencyemissions Binding targets: Harmonization: EU-wide instrument:Promising? - Transition to 2050 - Already harmonized - A credible long term requires long term steep approach for the EU ETS carbon price signal decarbonisation, which applied to carbonized requires a credible long power sector term carbon price signalHow could it - Credible GHG reduction - ETS pricing carbon for the - EU-carbon marketbe done? target beyond 2020 power sector to be repository, platform and - More ambitious targets harmonized with renewable authority for EU-ETS targets - EU-carbon tax (for non- EU-ETS sectors)
  13. 13. Area 3- FIRST type of EU SECOND type of EU THIRD type of EURenewable consistency consistency consistencyenergy Binding targets: Harmonization: EU-wide instrument:Promising? - All scenarios project - Integration process for - Potential in non-EU much more renewable renewable energy countries, such as the energy technologies Mediterranean - With exceptions, the - Multi-lateral nature of technologies will not all these projects suggests to be cost competitive by create a level playing field 2020How could it - Renewable energy - Minimum market - EU-decision bodies ofbe done? target beyond 2020 conformity requirements Mediterranean regulators, for national support transmission companies schemes and trade platforms
  14. 14. Area 4-Energy FIRST type of EU SECOND type of EU THIRD type of EUinfrastructure consistency consistency consistency Binding targets: Harmonization: EU-wide instrument:Promising? - All paths towards 2050 - Smart grids needed to - Fundamental problem of project big transmission deal with system asymmetric costs and expansion integration challenges benefits - Each member state - But, smart grids need - Super grids and off-shore would have a minimum smart regulation grids amount of border capacityHow could it - Ambitious targets would - Mandating energy -EU infrastructure costbe done? need to be more regulators to support the recovery instrument sophisticated than the innovation process, and its -EU CostBenef. Analysis indicative Barcelona Europeanization; to not - EU-grid planner targets (import capacity) only improving the cost efficiency of country grids
  15. 15. Area 5- FIRST type of EU SECOND type of EU THIRD type of EUInternal consistency consistency consistencybalancing Binding targets: Harmonization: EU-wide instrument:energymarketPromising? - System flexibility is what - All visions assume an EU internal balancing market so keeps the lights on in a grid expansion reduces the need for back-up capacity low carbon electricity - Market redesign of some member states fuelled by system national system specificities, but EU would avoid that - Ensuring enough supply security measures being only national in scope balancing services work against the EU transition process available requires a shared effort in an EU internal balancing marketHow could it - Minimum targets for - Regional Initiatives for - Balancing market codesbe done? reservation of balancing balancing markets services - Minimum requirements for electricity supply security measures
  16. 16. Area 6- THIRD type of EU consistencyEnergyTechnology EU-wide instrument:Promising? THINK report on R&D (topic 1): The existing SET-Plan is “existing” industry focused and bottom up, *could be complemented by a more top down approach that can prioritize projects coming from other industries (and other technologies)How could **and also improves the balance between :it be done? ¤“early innovation” to create new options and ¤¤“later stage innovation” to push the most promising options into market
  17. 17. Ten priority EU-interventions to add value to member states’ first steps on the road towards 2050Type of EU involvement 1st 2nd 3rd1) Make energy saving targets binding √2) Mobilize cities towards a low carbon future √ √3) Strengthen the carbon price signal √ √ √4) Integrate renewable energy technologies into the internal electricity market √5) Create a level playing field for renewable energy cooperation with non-EU √countries6) Harmonize the regulation of distribution and transmission grids √7) Establish an EU infrastructure investment cost recovery instrument √8) Create an internal balancing market √ √ √9) Harmonize security of electricity supply mechanisms √10) Complement the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan) √
  18. 18. …and follow the example of pioneering member states in tracking progress, i.e. monitoring investments and choices made by private actors, as well as policy implementation by policy makersPioneering member Procedure to track progress to be able to adapt their policies on the roadstate towards 2050France French government will need to report on the status of the implementation of its 2050 policy on a yearly basis.Germany Strategy foresees that the government will need to monitor and report on progress every three years.UK Committee on Climate Change makes an annual progress report, and the government is also required to present regular reports on progress. These reports have advocated stronger measures, such as the introduction of a carbon floor prices that was not part of the initial strategy.
  19. 19. Hathe ve a in t lo o er n k o jou ati n I a rna ona m ed ch l l ito ief- r!!
  1. Gostou de algum slide específico?

    Recortar slides é uma maneira fácil de colecionar informações para acessar mais tarde.

×