Wisp Assignment 2 China T46


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  • yeah... Yi Gong answered the rest pretty much.

    It is impossible to only have the good impacts without some negative results, because everyone is unique and has an opinion. We all have different moral values and ideals be it logical, illogical, for good or for bad.

    Ultimately, there’ll be people with differing ideas, and they clash, usually seeking to correct each other but ending up creating conflict to end conflicts because everyone thinks they’re right. Haha and when a large grp of people believe they’re right, that belief becomes ’truth’. This is called ’Truthiness’. It’s hard to correct someone when they choose not to think otherwise cuz they believe they’re right.

    I believe majority goes for the common good, but the means to reach the end differ.

    And when means that would cause greater negative effects occurs, shit happens. And then there’s means with lesser, insignificant negative effects but because people have diff. perspectives and values, they don’t see it as positive when it affects them, focusing on the negative instead of the long term positive effects it brings

    And that's how negative effects come about, due to self-interest. There're also negative effects that are a result of the means being wrong methods in the first place, so to correct that, just do the right thing from the start! We can't turn back time.

    Correction of self-interest thoughts and doing the right thing are the solutions to reducing negative effects to less significant negative effects in scenarios whereby there will be casualties.

    [Sry, merry-go-round up above. :/ Trying my best to show the cycle and thought process]

    On the part about the solution being extreme, well...
    Sometimes, in order to gain something, we’ve to sacrifice something we have.

    For eg. We sacrifice body energy to run
    We sacrifice time for play, for time for stuides
    We sacrifice sleep hours to rush a project deadline or you sacrifice some time before that and do it constantly so u dont have to rush
    and end up sacrificing valuable sleep hours; damages your health in long run if done alot

    It all boils down to how cleverly u choose what to sacrifice by analyzing the resulting immediate short-term benefits/repercussions VS the long term ones.

    Do rmb that modern day China was forged via extreme/violent means. Look up your history books!

    If there’s still any, pls do so after nxt week, my panel review’s still not over till nxt tuesday lol.
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  • Reply to Boon Chieh:
    At the end of the day, the proposed solutions we have made all boils down to the single point we have mentioned. 'The price to personal freedom we are willing to pay for social and national security.' Of course, the point you have mentioned regarding the CCA groups in secondary schools are valid where people of different races are indeed observed to show distaste for people from other races and it is difficult for people to accept differences. But there are also observed instances where people from different groups that got to know each other through the participation in these groups become very good friends and thus the groups actually promote a sense of understanding and cohesion amongst the races. These are just the two sides of a single coin (if the purpose of establishing multiracial CCA groups is indeed to promote understanding amongst the next generation), it is impossible to only have the good impacts without the some negative results. If the proposed solutions (which to some may be considered extreme) is effective in adverting the imagined scenario, then why not?
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  • Reply to LimJunxianJohn:
    This point can be understand as either giving more people the opportunity for short term visit/ stay in other countries with diverse cultures or invitation to foreigners to come to singapore for short term visit/ stay. Thus providing SIngaporeans with the opportunity to come into contact with foreign cultures, note the differences whether they initially like/ can accept the differences. As the level of exposure is increased, we hope that eventually, the people will come to the understanding that it is the interaction amongst the differences and diversities of different cultures that result in the success of many countries which welcome immigrants and thus learn to accept and welcome differences amongst the races, not just against distinct foreigners but also the different major races already living in Singapore.
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  • Reply to LimBoonChieh
    events is just one way to solve the problem. I think the most easy way to help them find a common view. Once people begin to have something in common , It would be more easy for people to accept racial differences. Do you still remember the first WSIP class? who have the sth or who don`t like sth. that game is a very simple way to help people to share to have a common view.
    what you said was true. Most likely it was because the orginser of event may want to help built relationship but it turns out an other way. I believe that part is due to people who organise event don`t have enough experience to cause a positive response. Most club are run by students, they are still learning. How do you expect they know how to deal with those racial discrimination? Am i right? So one way to help build those relationship is to find someone who really know how to organise event to do the job.
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  • i dont think some of these events will work. why do i say this? in secondary schools, some of the CCAs like NPCC and NCC -- they had these mixture of races. these mixture made them know more about one another but also cause some of them to dislike the other races more. this may cause more harm than good... maybe they themselves have to see what other races good points are and their own bad points, which is, rather diffcult as peolpe tend to make excuses for what they had done wrong.
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  • - Rich in minerals, major producer of oil and gas
  • Catalyst
  • 1st pt = Groups such as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement with Al-Qaeda links2nd pt = Growing prosperity of Han Chinese alienating poorer Uyghurs, chinese population in generalGovt policy actually favor minority -> education5th pt : Leads to losing out in economic and political standingsExiled Uyghur Political / Activist leadersBranding majority of civil unrest or discontent with terrorism labelEmployment discriminationThus EducationTerrorists aren’t helping the situation
  • Older gen. -> Influence younger gen.Employment - Even though there’re Uyghurs good in chinese, they don’t want
  • 1st point – Cont from last slide, older generation don’t like the Uyghurs as they think they’re violent people Uyghur feel several Chinese government policies of uplifting poverty among Uyghurs were actually designed to create more poverty andto force Uyghurs to be culturally assimilated and abandon their own land.
  • Significant Han Chinese settle inXinjiang 6% in 1949 ,40% now. 75% han in U now 12% is uTensions between Uyghurs and Han have existed in the area for several decadesUyghur have extra marks can have more babys.Hope development in economy can help solve radial problemReceive intelligence yet to make a move.
  • As shown in previous slide, majority Han and Han only employ their own race.Banning of the 2000 year old Uyghur languageThe September 11 terrorist attacks provided a perfect opportunity for China to step up pressure on Uyghurs and the Uyghur national identity. Notes:Chinese efforts in this regard include branding every incidence of civil unrest or discontent with the terrorism label; increased religious persecution; harsh political suppression; sharp ethnic discrimination in employment, education and social participation; banning the more than 2000 year old Uyghur language from schools and forcefully imposing Chinese education starting from the kindergarten level; implementing the same Chinese law differently for Uyghurs; forcing Uyghur families to send their children to mainland China for employment arrangements while bringing millions of Han Chinese to the Uyghur region to fill employment vacancies; and generally coercing Uyghurs to become like the Chinese by sacrificing their unique identity.
  • Define of terrorist attack surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims // wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn 
  • Wisp Assignment 2 China T46

    1. 1. WISP Assignment 2: CHINA<br />Group Member: <br />Liu Yigong<br />Lam Ming Jun<br />Yuan Shenghai<br />Tio Wee Leong<br />
    2. 2. Before viewing our presentation<br />watch the following video for an overview of the situation:<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzDCX74V42s<br /> WARNING <br />Conflict scenes take place in Urumqi city, Xin Jiang. Parental Guidance is advised. <br />M18 – Blood and Violent Scenes<br />
    3. 3. What was not right <br />With Urumqi in 2009?<br />
    4. 4. Where is Urumqi?!<br />Urumqi<br />
    5. 5. Review of History<br />Time: 5 July 2009<br />Location:Ürümqi<br />Incident: Peaceful protests turning into riots<br />People Involved:<br />- Han Chinese<br />- Uyghur<br />- Police<br />
    6. 6. Urumqi July Riot 2009<br />Official Figures:<br />197 people died<br />1,721 others injured<br />627 vehicles destroyed<br />633 constructors damaged<br />
    7. 7. What caused the Riots?<br />Time: 25–26 June, Overnight<br />Location: Shaoguan, Guangdong<br />Venue:  Xuri Toy Factory<br />Incident: <br /><ul><li>Ethnic brawl between Han and Uyghur due to rape rumors, 2 Uyghurs killed</li></ul>- Han Chinese not arrested<br /><ul><li>Dissatisfied with the government's response</li></li></ul><li>Urumqi’s History<br />Pre-existing hate and fear due to:<br />- Large Economic Gap<br /><ul><li>Terrorists
    8. 8. Miscommunication & Mistrust
    9. 9. Unequal Education & Employment Opportunities
    10. 10. Leads to…
    11. 11. Stereotyping on both sides
    12. 12. Vicious cycle of hate and violence</li></ul>Tensions already at boiling point<br />
    13. 13. Discrimination<br />Misperceptions from both sides<br />Older generation’s prejudice<br />Uyghur are portrayed as barbarians by Han Chinese<br />Hans are portrayed as heretic (against their Muslim religion) by Uyghurs<br />Employment<br />Han Employers bias preference for own race<br />Education<br />PRC officially give Uyghurs 20 marks advantage in university entrance exam to make up for the above short-coming, which is not working<br />
    14. 14. History<br />Centuries long prejudice and tensions<br />Ghulja Incident -&gt; Harsh army crackdown<br />Recent tensions<br />PRC argues terrorist influence on Uyghur population to justify it’s policies<br />Uyghurs feel this is an excuse to deny their human rights<br />PRC’s long term economic aim<br />Western Development Program<br />Neglecting short term issues expecting poverty to diminish overtime and Uyghurs to accept a Chinese identity <br />
    15. 15. Statistic of Races<br />Significant Han Chinese <br />Assimilation of Uyghur’s Culture into Han’s started in the mid-20th century<br />Note Riots take place in Urumqi, the capital of Xin Jiang<br />
    16. 16. Consequences<br />Feel they are gradually “squeezed” out in terms of…<br />Economy<br />Politics <br />Culture<br />And Religion<br />
    17. 17. What has government done after riot?<br />Media Control<br />Online social networking website shut down<br />Conceal Details<br />Repression<br />Rescue casualties <br />The Blame game- Accuse World Uyghur Congress and RebiyaKadeeras the instigators<br />
    18. 18. Conclusion on riot<br />China government fails to- maintain the peace among racial - media control and repression<br />Rebiya Kadeer and World Uyghur Congress “typically” blamed<br />This can be categorized as a “terrorist attack”<br />
    19. 19. Present situation in SG<br />Relatively Peaceful – Racially<br />Instances of Racial (Minority) Discrimination<br />LKW’s Emphasis on Impact of Chinese Immigrants<br />Gopolan’s View of Racial Inequality in Official Policies<br />Malay’s Response to Foreigner during a Singapore Short Film Screening Event<br />
    20. 20. Present Discriminations<br />Against Foreign Workers<br />Crammed Living Quarters<br />Deportation Policy for Pregnant Maids<br />
    21. 21. Present Discriminations<br />Malays & Indians to Chinese<br />Viewed by older generations of Chinese as the likely perpetrator of crimes<br />Akin to how Han Chinese treat the Uyghurs<br />
    22. 22. Society of SG ’09<br />Strong Racial Harmony<br />Technology & Western culture’s dominance amongst Youths<br />How does it affect?<br />Common ground established<br />Higher awareness and access to phenomenal loads of info<br />Unique generation with unprecedented level of information awareness<br />Empowered to make better decisions<br />
    23. 23. Similarities<br />75% Chinese in both<br />Discrimination against minority<br />Difference in extent<br />Extremist Activities<br />Anything familiar?<br />
    24. 24. Similarities<br />Education Policies benefiting specific groups<br />Excess control by Govt.<br />Freedom of expression<br />Races prefer to stick with their own<br />Evident in educational institutes.<br />
    25. 25. Similarities<br />Separatist activities<br />Attacks on govt. infrastructure<br />Chinese here are richer than other ethnic groups<br />In-proportionate political representation<br />
    26. 26. Differences<br />
    27. 27. Differences<br />
    28. 28. Differences<br />
    29. 29. Differences<br />
    30. 30. Combined Effect<br />All But One Ingredients for Racial Incident “Bomb” in Place<br />Minority (All Others, 25.8%, 2009)<br />Feelings of inequality, grudge against the majority<br />Majority (Chinese, 74.2%, 2009)<br />Unable to Accept Differences with Other Races<br />Only Missing Component is a Detonator<br />A Single Instance of Public Racial Discrimination<br />
    31. 31. SG 2061 : THE FUTURE<br />Chinese becomes main language in Sg<br />Minorities disadvantaged<br />Selective employment<br />1 Rumor<br />Protest<br />Coalition of minorities, including foreigners possibly<br />Possible similar conflicts leading to Urumqi<br />
    32. 32. What Can be Done?<br />Central Principle<br />The price we are willing to pay for <br />National Security<br />Societal Security<br />Sacrifice of Freedom<br />
    33. 33. Education of Both Current & Next Generation<br />Increase Exposure to the World at Large<br />Strong Enforcement of Policies<br />Heavy Penalties for Discrimination<br />Secret Intelligence Agency<br />Proposed “Vaccine” for the Situation<br />
    34. 34. Possible Challenges / Problems<br />Established Mindset of the Public<br />Fundamental Cultural Differences<br />Perpetration of Foreign Mal Intentions<br />Detrimental Effect on Progress<br />Present Feelings of Inequality<br />
    35. 35. FOR GREAT JUSTICE!<br />THE END!<br />
    36. 36. References<br />The Singapore Solution, http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2010/01/singapore/jacobson-text/3<br />Movie Screening Event, http://www.lioncitydiy.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=2022&start=0<br />Gopolan Singapore Dissident, http://singaporedissident.blogspot.com/2009/12/singapore-stop-state-sanctioned-racial.html<br />
    37. 37. References<br />Pictures:<br /> http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0<br />http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0#pn23<br /> http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0#pn26<br /> http://news.ifeng.com/photo/news/200907/0708_1397_1240646.shtml<br />
    38. 38. References<br />Terrorists:<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Turkistan_Islamic_Movement<br />History:<br />http://www.uyghurnews.com/About_Uyghur_People.asp<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcQcY54H4FM/<br />www.uygur.org/enorg/h_rights/ETIC_REPORT_2009.pdf<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_2009_%C3%9Cr%C3%BCmqi_riots<br />http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/07/09/how_china_wins_and_loses_xinjiang?page=0,0&obref=obinsite<br />http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1910302,00.html?iid=sphere-inline-sidebar<br />http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/new-frontier-same-old-problems/article1208363/<br />http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/hotline/2009/07/chinas-oppression-of-uyghurs-remains.php<br />
    39. 39. Q & A<br />