Intro Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Conclusion S ay what you will say. (State your writing purpose/thesis.) S ay it! (Develop your argument, step-by-step, and use the literature.) S ay what you said. (Conclude with short summary, restating main point.)
The introduction tells us the purpose of the essay: the ‘Thesis Statement’:
‘ This paper will argue that . . .
‘ In this paper I will discuss my philosophy of education, one based in my view that . . .. I will also consider how my experiences as a teacher, as a parent of an elementary school child, and as a student have contributed to this philosophy.’
The introduction previews the essay structure:
‘ First I will describe my philosophy of education.
Next, I will explore how my experiences as a science teacher in a Chinese secondary school contributed to . . .
These days, many students are travelling to other countries to study at university. There are many reasons for this. Why do you think students would study for a master’s degree in a foreign country?
Write a purpose statement for this essay:
‘ In this essay, I will . . .’ There are many possible reasons for . . .’
Write the essay structure preview:
‘ First, I will consider
Next, . . .
Finally, . . .’
Section 1 Conclusion ‘ In this section of the essay, I described . . . This discussion was important to my argument because . . .’ Section 1 Introduction In this section I will present . . .’ Section 2 Introduction ‘ In the previous section we saw . . . This section will present . . .’
In European universities, students are not required to attend classes. In fact, professors in Germany generally do not know the names of the students enrolled in their courses. In the United States, however, students are required to attend all classes and may be penalized if they do not. Furthermore, in the European system, there is usually just one comprehension examination at the end of the student’s entire four or five years of study. In the American system, on the other hand, there are usually numerous quizzes, tests, and homework assignments, and there is almost always a final examination in each course at the end of the semester.