Researching the Great Masters


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The Great Masters: Materials and Techniques. Based on in-class library instruction for class entitled Great Masters\' Materials and Techniques. Aimed at art history and studio art perspectives. Created by J. Rinalducci.

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Researching the Great Masters

  1. 1. ARTH 347: Great Masters’ Materials and Techniques Time Date Professor
  2. 2. Library Resources <ul><li>Library Catalog: books, e-books, videos, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Research Databases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Art Fulltext* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JSTOR* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliography of the History of Art (BHA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AATA Online: Abstracts of International Conservation Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARTstor & SCAD Image Database </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Find an image you want to investigate? The Magdalen Reading (before 1438) Rogier van der Weyden Oil on mahogany transferred from another panel <ul><li>Possible search terms: </li></ul><ul><li>Panel painting </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish </li></ul><ul><li>Netherlandish </li></ul><ul><li>Rogier van der Weyden </li></ul><ul><li>Altarpiece </li></ul><ul><li>Oil paint </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Campin (studied in his workshop) </li></ul><ul><li>15 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Painting and conservation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Panel Painting (Medium) <ul><li>Analysis of the artists' working practices & techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry of Renaissance materials </li></ul><ul><li>Technical & artistic process of building paint onto panel surface (layering primings & pigments) </li></ul><ul><li>Author has book on Rogier van der Weyden </li></ul>Archival & technical discoveries help to understand circumstances under which complex paintings were made
  5. 5. Investigate Further… Northern vs Southern oil vs. tempera Part 4 Influence: Technique and Visual Effect Technical investigations reveal how panels were made, how tempera & oil paint were used together & how designs were repeated with templates. Discoveries under-drawings & gold application.
  6. 6. Try more search terms… <ul><li>Renaissance AND Technique </li></ul><ul><li>Art technique AND History </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop practices </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance painting </li></ul>Making Renaissance Art Edited by Kim W. Woods St Luke Drawing the Virgin By Rogier van der Weyden (on cover of book)
  7. 7. Researching an Artist: Robert Campin <ul><li>Search terms: </li></ul>The Annunciation Triptych (ca. 1425) by Robert Campin and Assistant South Netherlandish, active by 1406, died 1444, Made in Tournai Oil on wood; Central panel with wings The Cloisters Collection Northern Renaissance Oil paint Related artists like Rogier van der Weyden Notable works like Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) Altarpiece OR Triptych Panel painting Netherlandish Flemish Master of Flémalle Robert Campin
  8. 8. Restoration and Conservation “ Temptation and Expulsion” By Michelangelo Buonarroti Sistine Chapel ceiling Fresco Restoration comparisons of Eve Image from ARTstor Investigating issues of conservation and restoration provides invaluable insight into artist materials and techniques.
  9. 9. Restoration & Conservation: Panel Painting Madonna and Child (c 1460) Rogier van der Weyden oil on panel transferred to canvas and relaid on panel, The Structural Conservation of Panel Paintings by Kathleen Dardes Los Angeles : Getty Conservation Institute, c1998. Find an artist or work you are interested in? Find a book in the library catalog…
  10. 10. General Keyword Searches <ul><li>* Start with a general search & then refine your search from there </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Painting and technique (Drawing and technique…) </li></ul><ul><li>Painting and conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Panel Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Fresco </li></ul><ul><li>Egg tempera </li></ul><ul><li>Oil painting </li></ul><ul><li>Manuscripts </li></ul><ul><li>Stained glass </li></ul><ul><li>Name of artist </li></ul><ul><li>Name of artwork </li></ul>Upper Basilica of St. Francis, Assisi, Italy Restoration efforts after 1999 earthquake
  11. 11. Suggested Subject Searches <ul><li>Art—Technique </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting—Technique </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing—Technique </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artists' materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Pigments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chiaroscuro </li></ul><ul><li>Art—conservation and restoration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painting—conservation and restoration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artists' preparatory studies </li></ul><ul><li>Mural painting and decoration (for wall painting) </li></ul>Scene of Witchcraft , 1510 Hans Baldung Grien (German) Chiaroscuro woodcut in 2 blocks Met Museum
  12. 12. Selected Reference Books <ul><li>The artist's handbook of materials and techniques REF ND1500 .M35 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>The Artist's manual: equipment, materials, techniques REF N 7430 .A74 1988 </li></ul><ul><li>Methods & materials of painting of the great schools and masters REF ND50 .E2 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedia of the picture: how to understand paintings REF ND1471 .E53 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques of the world's great painters REF ND 1471 .T4 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques of the great masters of art REF ND 1500 .T34 1996 </li></ul>
  13. 13. More Reference Books <ul><li>Painting conservation catalog REF ND 1640 .P14 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation concerns: a guide for collectors and curators REF AM 141 .C64 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation of wall paintings REF ND 2552 .M6713 1984 </li></ul><ul><li>The restoration of paintings REF N1650 .N53 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Art: the critics' choice: 150 masterpieces of western art REF N 72.5 .A78 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>*Also try searching for specific artists, mediums, techniques, materials… </li></ul>
  14. 14. Find Images <ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Resources Center </li></ul><ul><li>Oil on Wood </li></ul><ul><li>Picture's unfinished state provides </li></ul><ul><li>insight into artist's painting technique. </li></ul><ul><li>Underdrawing sketched into the gesso </li></ul><ul><li>Pentimenti showing artist removed 3 rd tree </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Sacrifice of Isaac” (1527) by Andrea del Sarto </li></ul><ul><li>See working methods of Florentine painter during </li></ul><ul><li>High Renaissance. </li></ul>Image & information from ARTstor Original in Cleveland Museum of Art
  15. 15. Questions? <ul><li>Stop by or call the Reference Desk </li></ul><ul><li>Come to the Reference Office </li></ul><ul><li>Send an email using Ask-a-Librarian </li></ul>