Asian History: South Korea


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Asian History: South Korea

  1. 1. South Korea(대한민국)By: Jenny Lee, Grace Cai, Samy Grenon
  2. 2. Population• about 48,860,500 (census from July 2012)• Population growth- 0.204% (2012 estimate)• Age structure -0-14 years:15.7% -15-64 years: 72.9% -65 years and over: 11.4%• Korea’s fertility rate is the lowest in the world.Population of Korea is rapidly ageing.
  3. 3. Capital: Seoul• Population: over 10 million• Located on the Han River.• Ranked eighth in the Global Cities Index for 2012 and is considered to be a leading global city.• A great number of international companies are located in Seoul.• Hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup and the 2012 G-20 Seoul summit.
  4. 4. Language• Korean -type of writing system: alphabet -direction of writing: left to write -number of letters: 14 consonants and 10 vowels -sounds of some consonants change depending on whether they are placed at the beginning, middle, or at the end. -Korean in North Korea is not completely the same as the one in South Korea.• English is also greatly taught during middle and high school.
  5. 5. Korean Characters
  6. 6. Ethnic Groups& Religion• Ethnic Groups- Homogeneous with the exception of some Chinese(about 20,000) -One of the most ethnically and linguisticallyhomogenous countries in the world.• Religion- Christian 26.3%(Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist (23.2%), other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3% -Buddhism in Korea came from the Mahayana branch ofBuddhism like China and Japan. -Christianity was first introduced to Koreans through theJesuits from China.
  7. 7. Government Structure• Structure: Republic• Executive Branch -Chief of state: Lee MyungBak(since Feb 25th, 2008) -A president is elected bypopular vote for a single five-year term.• Legal System- mixed legal system combined of European civil law, Anglo- American law, and Chinese classical thought President Lee Myung-bak
  8. 8. Interesting Facts #1• Taekwondo is a traditional sport in South Korea and also is very popular.• What is Taekwondo? - It is a combination ofvarious combat skillsincluding self-defense,sports, exercise andsometimes even meditationand philosophy. -It also has been chosenas an Olympic event sincethe year 2000.
  9. 9. Interesting Facts #2• Korea has the the world’s highest national IQ as declared by the OECD(Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development)• It showed particularly leading rankings in subjects such as mathematics, science, problem solving and reading.
  10. 10. Interesting Facts #3• South Korean elementary, middle, and high school students were ranked the lowest in terms of happiness compared to other OECD countries, according to OECD.• Why? -The overloading amount of schoolwork and exampreparations can harm students physically and mentally. -The competition for better universities and success isextremely fierce. -Students also needs to study for private tutors orhagwons, which are basically academies held outside of schools. Picture-
  11. 11. Interesting Facts #4 • The interest towards K- POP(Korean pop) is increasing throughout the world. • K-pop? - A music genre that contains dance, electronic, electro- pop, hip hop, and R&B music. • The fashion and style of K- Pop singers are also becoming very popular. • Movie actors and actresses from Korean dramas and movies are also very popular.Pictures-
  12. 12. Citations• Ager, S.. "Korean alphabet, pronunciation and language." Omniglot. Simon Ager, n.d. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <>.• U.S. Department of State, . U.s. department of state. U.S Department of State, 2012. 0. 22 Aug 2012. <>.• CIA, . "South Korea." Central intelligence agency. The World Factbook, 2012. Web. 22 Aug 2012. < factbook/geos/ks.html>.• Ripley, A.. "Teacher, Leave Those Kids Alone." Time. N.p., 2011. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <,9171,2094427,00.h tml>.• Hodgson, A.. Ageing south korea. N.p., 2007. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <>.• . Encyclopedia of the Nations. 2012 Advameg,Inc., n.d. Web. 22 Aug 2012. < Oceania/Korea-Republic-of-ROK.html