South Korea(대한민국)By: Jenny Lee, Grace Cai, Samy Grenon
Population• about 48,860,500 (census from July 2012)• Population growth- 0.204% (2012 estimate)• Age structure -0-14 years:15.7% -15-64 years: 72.9% -65 years and over: 11.4%• Korea’s fertility rate is the lowest in the world.Population of Korea is rapidly ageing.
Capital: Seoul• Population: over 10 million• Located on the Han River.• Ranked eighth in the Global Cities Index for 2012 and is considered to be a leading global city.• A great number of international companies are located in Seoul.• Hosted the 1986 Asian Games, 1988 Summer Olympics, 2002 FIFA World Cup and the 2012 G-20 Seoul summit.
Language• Korean -type of writing system: alphabet -direction of writing: left to write -number of letters: 14 consonants and 10 vowels -sounds of some consonants change depending on whether they are placed at the beginning, middle, or at the end. -Korean in North Korea is not completely the same as the one in South Korea.• English is also greatly taught during middle and high school.
Ethnic Groups& Religion• Ethnic Groups- Homogeneous with the exception of some Chinese(about 20,000) -One of the most ethnically and linguisticallyhomogenous countries in the world.• Religion- Christian 26.3%(Protestant 19.7%, Roman Catholic 6.6%), Buddhist (23.2%), other or unknown 1.3%, none 49.3% -Buddhism in Korea came from the Mahayana branch ofBuddhism like China and Japan. -Christianity was first introduced to Koreans through theJesuits from China.
Government Structure• Structure: Republic• Executive Branch -Chief of state: Lee MyungBak(since Feb 25th, 2008) -A president is elected bypopular vote for a single five-year term.• Legal System- mixed legal system combined of European civil law, Anglo- American law, and Chinese classical thought President Lee Myung-bak http://www.africa-asia-confidential.com/whos-who-profile/id/3280/
Interesting Facts #1• Taekwondo is a traditional sport in South Korea and also is very popular.• What is Taekwondo? - It is a combination ofvarious combat skillsincluding self-defense,sports, exercise andsometimes even meditationand philosophy. -It also has been chosenas an Olympic event sincethe year 2000. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taekwondo
Interesting Facts #2• Korea has the the world’s highest national IQ as declared by the OECD(Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development)• It showed particularly leading rankings in subjects such as mathematics, science, problem solving and reading.
Interesting Facts #3• South Korean elementary, middle, and high school students were ranked the lowest in terms of happiness compared to other OECD countries, according to OECD.• Why? -The overloading amount of schoolwork and exampreparations can harm students physically and mentally. -The competition for better universities and success isextremely fierce. -Students also needs to study for private tutors orhagwons, which are basically academies held outside of schools. Picture- http://www.globalpost.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/gp3_small_article/south-korea-education-digital-textbooks-2011-07-06.jpg
Interesting Facts #4 • The interest towards K- POP(Korean pop) is increasing throughout the world. • K-pop? - A music genre that contains dance, electronic, electro- pop, hip hop, and R&B music. • The fashion and style of K- Pop singers are also becoming very popular. • Movie actors and actresses from Korean dramas and movies are also very popular.Pictures-http://images.ados.fr/stars-people/photo/hd/3147611314/korean-boys/bigbang-27055915e0.jpghttp://cn.last.fm/group/Girls+Generation+(SNSD)
Citations• Ager, S.. "Korean alphabet, pronunciation and language." Omniglot. Simon Ager, n.d. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <http://www.omniglot.com/writing/korean.htm>.• U.S. Department of State, . U.s. department of state. U.S Department of State, 2012. 0. 22 Aug 2012. <http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2800.htm>.• CIA, . "South Korea." Central intelligence agency. The World Factbook, 2012. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/ks.html>.• Ripley, A.. "Teacher, Leave Those Kids Alone." Time. N.p., 2011. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2094427,00.h tml>.• Hodgson, A.. Ageing south korea. N.p., 2007. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <http://blog.euromonitor.com/2007/10/ageing-south-korea.html>.• . Encyclopedia of the Nations. 2012 Advameg,Inc., n.d. Web. 22 Aug 2012. <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and- Oceania/Korea-Republic-of-ROK.html