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Week 7 - The Effects of the Treaty of Versailles
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Week 7 - The Effects of the Treaty of Versailles

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  • Also, Russia had already lost territory to Germany when Brest-Litovsk was signed, but Germany had not yet lost territory to France/Britain before Versailles. Russians were expecting to lose territory, population, etc, but Germans were not expecting it. Russia was a much bigger country with multiple ethnic groups in its border, but Germany was a smaller country of primarily Germans

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  • 1. Aftermath: the immediateconsequences of the Treaty (pg 24)After reading page 24, answer the followingquestions1. Make a timeline of events in Germany after1919 (5 events minimum)
  • 2. Aftermath: the immediateconsequences of the Treaty (pg 24)After reading page 24, answer the followingquestions2. What is in the picture in Source A? What isthe value of this source?
  • 3. Aftermath: the immediateconsequences of the Treaty (pg 24)Make a complete list of Germany’s problems in 3categoriesResults of WWI Results of T. of Versailles Other problems
  • 4. Trouble in Eastern Europe (pg 25)• Hungary– Bela Kun and Communist government was kicked out– Lost 2/3 of its territory with Trianon Treaty– Admiral Horthy was a Right-Wing dictator, supportedby the Big 3 for being a non-communist– Hungary’s foreign policy was focused on getting lostterritory and population back– Yugoslavia, Romania and Czechoslovakia (all new orexpanded countries with ex-Hungarian land) formed aLittle Entente to protect against any attack fromHungary in the future
  • 5. Hungary before and after TrianonBelaKun, Communist short-termleader ofHungaryAdmiral Horthy,Leader of Hungaryfrom 1920-1944
  • 6. Trouble in Eastern Europe (pg 25)• Poland– Largest of the new countries formed by the PeaceTreaties (30 million citizens)– Fought againstGermany, Czechoslovakia, Lithuania and the USSR(Russia) from 1918-1921– Took more land (illegally) from the USSR in 1921– Marshal Pilsudski became dictator in 1926, endedall elections
  • 7. Trouble in Eastern Europe (pg 25)• Czechoslovakia– Included Czech, Slovak, and German ethnic groups– Both Slovaks and Germans complained that theCzechs did not treat them as equalsTomas Masaryk,President of Czechoslovakia from1918-1935
  • 8. German Reaction to the Treaty(read pg 8-9)• Discuss the different conditions under whichboth treaties were signedT. of Brest Litovsk T. of Versailles
  • 9. German Reaction to the Treaty(read pg 8-9)Treaty of Brest Litovsk (1918)• Russians and Germansnegotiated treaty• New governments (Russia -Communists)• Russia’s leader (Lenin) calledfor Russia’s surrender• Resulted in a Civil War.• France and Britain benefittedfrom it after 1919• Losses: Russia lost 33%population, 32%farmland, 89% of coal minesTreaty of Versailles (1919)• Germans were not allowed tonegotiate, forced to sign• New governments (Germany –Weimar)• No German leader publiclycalled for surrender• Resulted in protests and arevolt (Spartakists)• France and Britain benefittedfrom it after 1919• Losses: Germany lost 100% ofcolonies, 48% ironproduction, 13% territory, 12%population
  • 10. German Reaction to the Treaty(read pg 8-9)Treaty of Brest Litovsk (1918)• Russians and Germansnegotiated treaty• New governments (Russia -Communists)• Russia’s leader (Lenin) calledfor Russia’s surrender• Resulted in a Civil War.• France and Britain benefittedfrom it after 1919• Losses: Russia lost 33%population, 32%farmland, 89% of coal minesTreaty of Versailles (1919)• Germans were not allowed tonegotiate, forced to sign• New governments (Germany –Weimar)• No German leader publiclycalled for surrender• Resulted in protests and arevolt (Spartakists)• France and Britain benefittedfrom it after 1919• Losses: Germany lost 100% ofcolonies, 48% ironproduction, 13% territory, 12%population