Common Acids & Bases
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HCl </li></ul><ul><li>hydrochloric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HCl </li></ul><ul><li>hydrochloric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:  cleanin...
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 SO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>sulfuric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 SO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>sulfuric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: manfact...
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HNO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>nitric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HNO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>nitric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:removing tarn...
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 CO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>carbonic acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 CO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>carbonic acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: carbonati...
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 BO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>boric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 BO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>boric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: washing eyes...
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 PO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>phosphoric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 PO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>phosphoric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making f...
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>HC 2 H 3 O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>acetic acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>HC 2 H 3 O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>acetic acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making c...
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 </li></ul><ul><li>citric acid </li></ul>
Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 </li></ul><ul><li>citric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:makin...
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>NaOH </li></ul><ul><li>sodium hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>NaOH </li></ul><ul><li>sodium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making so...
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>KOH </li></ul><ul><li>potassium hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>KOH </li></ul><ul><li>potassium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making ...
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Ca(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>calcium hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Ca(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>calcium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:leat...
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Mg(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>magnesium hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Mg(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>magnesium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: m...
Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>ammonium hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>ammonium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: makin...
Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>Al(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>aluminum hydroxide </li></ul>
Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>Al(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>aluminum hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: maki...
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Notes Acids&Bases 10

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Notes Acids&Bases 10

  1. 1. Common Acids & Bases
  2. 2. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HCl </li></ul><ul><li>hydrochloric acid </li></ul>
  3. 3. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HCl </li></ul><ul><li>hydrochloric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: cleaning bricks, metals & digesting food </li></ul>
  4. 4. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 SO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>sulfuric acid </li></ul>
  5. 5. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 SO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>sulfuric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: manfacturing paints, plastics, & fertilizers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HNO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>nitric acid </li></ul>
  7. 7. Common Acids <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>HNO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>nitric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:removing tarnish, making explosives, fertilizers </li></ul>
  8. 8. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 CO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>carbonic acid </li></ul>
  9. 9. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 CO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>carbonic acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: carbonating beverages </li></ul>
  10. 10. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 BO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>boric acid </li></ul>
  11. 11. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 BO 3 </li></ul><ul><li>boric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: washing eyes </li></ul>
  12. 12. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 PO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>phosphoric acid </li></ul>
  13. 13. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 PO 4 </li></ul><ul><li>phosphoric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making fertilizers & detergents </li></ul>
  14. 14. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>HC 2 H 3 O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>acetic acid </li></ul>
  15. 15. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>HC 2 H 3 O 2 </li></ul><ul><li>acetic acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making celluloses </li></ul><ul><li>(fibers & films) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 </li></ul><ul><li>citric acid </li></ul>
  17. 17. Common Acids <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 C 6 H 5 O 7 </li></ul><ul><li>citric acid </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making soft drinks </li></ul>
  18. 18. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>NaOH </li></ul><ul><li>sodium hydroxide </li></ul>
  19. 19. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>NaOH </li></ul><ul><li>sodium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making soap & drain cleaner </li></ul>
  20. 20. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>KOH </li></ul><ul><li>potassium hydroxide </li></ul>
  21. 21. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>KOH </li></ul><ul><li>potassium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:making soft soap & battery electrolyte </li></ul>
  22. 22. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Ca(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>calcium hydroxide </li></ul>
  23. 23. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Ca(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>calcium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for:leather production & making plaster </li></ul>
  24. 24. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Mg(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>magnesium hydroxide </li></ul>
  25. 25. Common Bases <ul><li>STRONG </li></ul><ul><li>Mg(OH) 2 </li></ul><ul><li>magnesium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: making antacids & laxatives </li></ul>
  26. 26. Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>ammonium hydroxide </li></ul>
  27. 27. Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>NH 4 OH </li></ul><ul><li>ammonium hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: making household cleaners </li></ul>
  28. 28. Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>Al(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>aluminum hydroxide </li></ul>
  29. 29. Common Bases <ul><li>WEAK </li></ul><ul><li>Al(OH) 3 </li></ul><ul><li>aluminum hydroxide </li></ul><ul><li>Used for: making antacids & deodorants </li></ul>
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